Will Brangwen had some weeks of holiday after his marriage,

so the two took their honeymoon in full hands,

alone in their cottage together.

And to him,

as the days went by,

it was as if the heavens had fallen,

and he were sitting with her among the ruins,

in a new world,

everybody else buried,

themselves two blissful survivors,

with everything to squander as they would.

At first,

he could not get rid of a culpable sense of licence on his part.

Wasn't there some duty outside,

calling him and he did not come?

It was all very well at night,

when the doors were locked and the darkness drawn round the two of them.

Then they were the only inhabitants of the visible earth,

the rest were under the flood.

And being alone in the world,

they were a law unto themselves,

they could enjoy and squander and waste like conscienceless gods.

But in the morning,

as the carts clanked by,

and children shouted down the lane;

as the hucksters came calling their wares,

and the church clock struck eleven,

and he and she had not got up yet,

even to breakfast,

he could not help feeling guilty,

as if he were committing a breach of the law --ashamed that he was not up and doing.

"Doing what?"

she asked.

"What is there to do?

You will only lounge about."


even lounging about was respectable.

One was at least in connection with the world,


Whereas now,

lying so still and peacefully,

while the daylight came obscurely through the drawn blind,

one was severed from the world,

one shut oneself off in tacit denial of the world.

And he was troubled.

But it was so sweet and satisfying lying there talking desultorily with her.

It was sweeter than sunshine,

and not so evanescent.

It was even irritating the way the church-clock kept on chiming: there seemed no space between the hours,

just a moment,

golden and still,

whilst she traced his features with her finger-tips,

utterly careless and happy,

and he loved her to do it.

But he was strange and unused.

So suddenly,

everything that had been before was shed away and gone.

One day,

he was a bachelor,

living with the world.

The next day,

he was with her,

as remote from the world as if the two of them were buried like a seed in darkness.


like a chestnut falling out of a burr,

he was shed naked and glistening on to a soft,

fecund earth,

leaving behind him the hard rind of worldly knowledge and experience.

He heard it in the huckster's cries,

the noise of carts,

the calling of children.

And it was all like the hard,

shed rind,



in the softness and stillness of the room,

was the naked kernel,

that palpitated in silent activity,

absorbed in reality.

Inside the room was a great steadiness,

a core of living eternity.

Only far outside,

at the rim,

went on the noise and the destruction.

Here at the centre the great wheel was motionless,

centred upon itself.

Here was a poised,

unflawed stillness that was beyond time,

because it remained the same,




As they lay close together,

complete and beyond the touch of time or change,

it was as if they were at the very centre of all the slow wheeling of space and the rapid agitation of life,


deep inside them all,

at the centre where there is utter radiance,

and eternal being,

and the silence absorbed in praise: the steady core of all movements,

the unawakened sleep of all wakefulness.

They found themselves there,

and they lay still,

in each other's arms;

for their moment they were at the heart of eternity,

whilst time roared far off,

for ever far off,

towards the rim.

Then gradually they were passed away from the supreme centre,

down the circles of praise and joy and gladness,

further and further out,

towards the noise and the friction.

But their hearts had burned and were tempered by the inner reality,

they were unalterably glad.

Gradually they began to wake up,

the noises outside became more real.

They understood and answered the call outside.

They counted the strokes of the bell.

And when they counted midday,

they understood that it was midday,

in the world,

and for themselves also.

It dawned upon her that she was hungry.

She had been getting hungrier for a lifetime.

But even yet it was not sufficiently real to rouse her.

A long way off she could hear the words,

"I am dying of hunger."

Yet she lay still,


at peace,

and the words were unuttered.

There was still another lapse.

And then,

quite calmly,

even a little surprised,

she was in the present,

and was saying:

"I am dying with hunger."

"So am I,"

he said calmly,

as if it were of not the slightest significance.

And they relapsed into the warm,

golden stillness.

And the minutes flowed unheeded past the window outside.

Then suddenly she stirred against him.

"My dear,

I am dying of hunger,"

she said.

It was a slight pain to him to be brought to.

"We'll get up,"

he said,


And she sank her head on to him again,

and they lay still,


Half consciously,

he heard the clock chime the hour.

She did not hear.

"Do get up,"

she murmured at length,

"and give me something to eat."


he said,

and he put his arms round her,

and she lay with her face on him.

They were faintly astonished that they did not move.

The minutes rustled louder at the window.

"Let me go then,"

he said.

She lifted her head from him,


With a little breaking away,

he moved out of bed,

and was taking his clothes.

She stretched out her hand to him.

"You are so nice,"

she said,

and he went back for a moment or two.

Then actually he did slip into some clothes,


looking round quickly at her,

was gone out of the room.

She lay translated again into a pale,

clearer peace.

As if she were a spirit,

she listened to the noise of him downstairs,

as if she were no longer of the material world.

It was half-past one.

He looked at the silent kitchen,

untouched from last night,

dim with the drawn blind.

And he hastened to draw up the blind,

so people should know they were not in bed any later.


it was his own house,

it did not matter.

Hastily he put wood in the grate and made a fire.

He exulted in himself,

like an adventurer on an undiscovered island.

The fire blazed up,

he put on the kettle.

How happy he felt!

How still and secluded the house was!

There were only he and she in the world.

But when he unbolted the door,



looked out,

he felt furtive and guilty.

The world was there,

after all.

And he had felt so secure,

as though this house were the Ark in the flood,

and all the rest was drowned.

The world was there: and it was afternoon.

The morning had vanished and gone by,

the day was growing old.

Where was the bright,

fresh morning?

He was accused.

Was the morning gone,

and he had lain with blinds drawn,

let it pass by unnoticed?

He looked again round the chill,

grey afternoon.

And he himself so soft and warm and glowing!

There were two sprigs of yellow jasmine in the saucer that covered the milk-jug.

He wondered who had been and left the sign.

Taking the jug,

he hastily shut the door.

Let the day and the daylight drop out,

let it go by unseen.

He did not care.

What did one day more or less matter to him.

It could fall into oblivion unspent if it liked,

this one course of daylight.

"Somebody has been and found the door locked,"

he said when he went upstairs with the tray.

He gave her the two sprigs of jasmine.

She laughed as she sat up in bed,

childishly threading the flowers in the breast of her nightdress.

Her brown hair stuck out like a nimbus,

all fierce,

round her softly glowing face.

Her dark eyes watched the tray eagerly.

"How good!"

she cried,

sniffing the cold air.

"I'm glad you did a lot."

And she stretched out her hands eagerly for her plate --"Come back to bed,

quick --it's cold."

She rubbed her hands together sharply.

He [put off what little clothing he had on,

and] sat beside her in the bed.

"You look like a lion,

with your mane sticking out,

and your nose pushed over your food,"

he said.

She tinkled with laughter,

and gladly ate her breakfast.

The morning was sunk away unseen,

the afternoon was steadily going too,

and he was letting it go.

One bright transit of daylight gone by unacknowledged!

There was something unmanly,

recusant in it.

He could not quite reconcile himself to the fact.

He felt he ought to get up,

go out quickly into the daylight,

and work or spend himself energetically in the open air of the afternoon,

retrieving what was left to him of the day.

But he did not go.


one might as well be hung for a sheep as for a lamb.

If he had lost this day of his life,

he had lost it.

He gave it up.

He was not going to count his losses.

She didn't care.

She didn't care in the least.

Then why should he?

Should he be behind her in recklessness and independence?

She was superb in her indifference.

He wanted to be like her.

She took her responsibilities lightly.

When she spilled her tea on the pillow,

she rubbed it carelessly with a handkerchief,

and turned over the pillow.

He would have felt guilty.

She did not.

And it pleased him.

It pleased him very much to see how these things did not matter to her.

When the meal was over,

she wiped her mouth on her handkerchief quickly,

satisfied and happy,

and settled down on the pillow again,

with her fingers in his close,


fur-like hair.

The evening began to fall,

the light was half alive,


He hid his face against her.

"I don't like the twilight,"

he said.

"I love it,"

she answered.

He hid his face against her,

who was warm and like sunlight.

She seemed to have sunlight inside her.

Her heart beating seemed like sunlight upon him.

In her was a more real day than the day could give: so warm and steady and restoring.

He hid his face against her whilst the twilight fell,

whilst she lay staring out with her unseeing dark eyes,

as if she wandered forth untrammelled in the vagueness.

The vagueness gave her scope and set her free.

To him,

turned towards her heart-pulse,

all was very still and very warm and very close,

like noon-tide.

He was glad to know this warm,

full noon.

It ripened him and took away his responsibility,

some of his conscience.

They got up when it was quite dark.

She hastily twisted her hair into a knot,

and was dressed in a twinkling.

Then they went downstairs,

drew to the fire,

and sat in silence,

saying a few words now and then.

Her father was coming.

She bundled the dishes away,

flew round and tidied the room,

assumed another character,

and again seated herself.

He sat thinking of his carving of Eve.

He loved to go over his carving in his mind,

dwelling on every stroke,

every line.

How he loved it now!

When he went back to his Creation-panel again,

he would finish his Eve,

tender and sparkling.

It did not satisfy him yet.

The Lord should labour over her in a silent passion of Creation,

and Adam should be tense as if in a dream of immortality,

and Eve should take form glimmeringly,


as if the Lord must wrestle with His own soul for her,

yet she was a radiance.

"What are you thinking about?"

she asked.

He found it difficult to say.

His soul became shy when he tried to communicate it.

"I was thinking my Eve was too hard and lively."


"I don't know.

She should be more -- --,"

he made a gesture of infinite tenderness.

There was a stillness with a little joy.

He could not tell her any more.

Why could he not tell her any more?

She felt a pang of disconsolate sadness.

But it was nothing.

She went to him.

Her father came,

and found them both very glowing,

like an open flower.

He loved to sit with them.

Where there was a perfume of love,

anyone who came must breathe it.

They were both very quick and alive,

lit up from the other-world,

so that it was quite an experience for them,

that anyone else could exist.

But still it troubled Will Brangwen a little,

in his orderly,

conventional mind,

that the established rule of things had gone so utterly.

One ought to get up in the morning and wash oneself and be a decent social being.


the two of them stayed in bed till nightfall,

and then got up,

she never washed her face,

but sat there talking to her father as bright and shameless as a daisy opened out of the dew.

Or she got up at ten o'clock,

and quite blithely went to bed again at three,

or at half-past four,

stripping him naked in the daylight,

and all so gladly and perfectly,

oblivious quite of his qualms.

He let her do as she liked with him,

and shone with strange pleasure.

She was to dispose of him as she would.

He was translated with gladness to be in her hands.

And down went his qualms,

his maxims,

his rules,

his smaller beliefs,

she scattered them like an expert skittle-player.

He was very much astonished and delighted to see them scatter.

He stood and gazed and grinned with wonder whilst his Tablets of Stone went bounding and bumping and splintering down the hill,

dislodged for ever.


it was true as they said,

that a man wasn't born before he was married.

What a change indeed!

He surveyed the rind of the world: houses,



the discarded rind;

people scurrying about,

work going on,

all on the discarded surface.

An earthquake had burst it all from inside.

It was as if the surface of the world had been broken away entire: Ilkeston,






all intact;

and yet peeled away into unreality,

leaving here exposed the inside,

the reality: one's own being,

strange feelings and passions and yearnings and beliefs and aspirations,

suddenly become present,


the permanent bedrock,

knitted one rock with the woman one loved.

It was confounding.

Things are not what they seem!

When he was a child,

he had thought a woman was a woman merely by virtue of her skirts and petticoats.

And now,


the whole world could be divested of its garment,

the garment could lie there shed away intact,

and one could stand in a new world,

a new earth,

naked in a new,

naked universe.

It was too astounding and miraculous.

This then was marriage!

The old things didn't matter any more.

One got up at four o'clock,

and had broth at tea-time and made toffee in the middle of the night.

One didn't put on one's clothes or one did put on one's clothes.

He still was not quite sure it was not criminal.

But it was a discovery to find one might be so supremely absolved.

All that mattered was that he should love her and she should love him and they should live kindled to one another,

like the Lord in two burning bushes that were not consumed.

And so they lived for the time.

She was less hampered than he,

so she came more quickly to her fulness,

and was sooner ready to enjoy again a return to the outside world.

She was going to give a tea-party.

His heart sank.

He wanted to go on,

to go on as they were.

He wanted to have done with the outside world,

to declare it finished for ever.

He was anxious with a deep desire and anxiety that she should stay with him where they were in the timeless universe of free,

perfect limbs and immortal breast,

affirming that the old outward order was finished.

The new order was begun to last for ever,

the living life,

palpitating from the gleaming core,

to action,

without crust or cover or outward lie.

But no,

he could not keep her.

She wanted the dead world again-she wanted to walk on the outside once more.

She was going to give a tea-party.

It made him frightened and furious and miserable.

He was afraid all would be lost that he had so newly come into: like the youth in the fairy tale,

who was king for one day in the year,

and for the rest a beaten herd: like Cinderella also,

at the feast.

He was sullen.

But she blithely began to make preparations for her tea-party.

His fear was too strong,

he was troubled,

he hated her shallow anticipation and joy.

Was she not forfeiting the reality,

the one reality,

for all that was shallow and worthless?

Wasn't she carelessly taking off her crown to be an artificial figure having other artificial women to tea: when she might have been perfect with him,

and kept him perfect,

in the land of intimate connection?

Now he must be deposed,

his joy must be destroyed,

he must put on the vulgar,

shallow death of an outward existence.

He ground his soul in uneasiness and fear.

But she rose to a real outburst of house-work,

turning him away as she shoved the furniture aside to her broom.

He stood hanging miserable near.

He wanted her back.


and desire for her to stay with him,

and shame at his own dependence on her drove him to anger.

He began to lose his head.

The wonder was going to pass away again.

All the love,

the magnificent new order was going to be lost,

she would forfeit it all for the outside things.

She would admit the outside world again,

she would throw away the living fruit for the ostensible rind.

He began to hate this in her.

Driven by fear of her departure into a state of helplessness,

almost of imbecility,

he wandered about the house.

And she,

with her skirts kilted up,

flew round at her work,


"Shake the rug then,

if you must hang round,"

she said.

And fretting with resentment,

he went to shake the rug.

She was blithely unconscious of him.

He came back,

hanging near to her.

"Can't you do anything?"

she said,

as if to a child,


"Can't you do your wood-work?"

"Where shall I do it?"

he asked,

harsh with pain.


How furious that made him.

"Or go for a walk,"

she continued.

"Go down to the Marsh.

Don't hang about as if you were only half there."

He winced and hated it.

He went away to read.

Never had his soul felt so flayed and uncreated.

And soon he must come down again to her.

His hovering near her,

wanting her to be with him,

the futility of him,

the way his hands hung,

irritated her beyond bearing.

She turned on him blindly and destructively,

he became a mad creature,

black and electric with fury.

The dark storms rose in him,

his eyes glowed black and evil,

he was fiendish in his thwarted soul.

There followed two black and ghastly days,

when she was set in anguish against him,

and he felt as if he were in a black,

violent underworld,

and his wrists quivered murderously.

And she resisted him.

He seemed a dark,

almost evil thing,

pursuing her,

hanging on to her,

burdening her.

She would give anything to have him removed.

"You need some work to do,"

she said.

"You ought to be at work.

Can't you do something?"

His soul only grew the blacker.

His condition now became complete,

the darkness of his soul was thorough.

Everything had gone: he remained complete in his own tense,

black will.

He was now unaware of her.

She did not exist.

His dark,

passionate soul had recoiled upon itself,

and now,

clinched and coiled round a centre of hatred,

existed in its own power.

There was a curiously ugly pallor,

an expressionlessness in his face.

She shuddered from him.

She was afraid of him.

His will seemed grappled upon her.

She retreated before him.

She went down to the Marsh,

she entered again the immunity of her parents' love for her.

He remained at Yew Cottage,

black and clinched,

his mind dead.

He was unable to work at his wood-carving.

He went on working monotonously at the garden,


like a mole.

As she came home,

up the hill,

looking away at the town dim and blue on the hill,

her heart relaxed and became yearning.

She did not want to fight him any more.

She wanted love --oh,


Her feet began to hurry.

She wanted to get back to him.

Her heart became tight with yearning for him.

He had been making the garden in order,

cutting the edges of the turf,

laying the path with stones.

He was a good,

capable workman.

"How nice you've made it,"

she said,

approaching tentatively down the path.

But he did not heed,

he did not hear.

His brain was solid and dead.

"Haven't you made it nice?"

she repeated,

rather plaintively.

He looked up at her,

with that fixed,

expressionless face and unseeing eyes which shocked her,

made her go dazed and blind.

Then he turned away.

She saw his slender,

stooping figure groping.

A revulsion came over her.

She went indoors.

As she took off her hat in the bedroom,

she found herself weeping bitterly,

with some of the old,


childish desolation.

She sat still and cried on.

She did not want him to know.

She was afraid of his hard,

evil moments,

the head dropped a little,


in a crouching,

cruel way.

She was afraid of him.

He seemed to lacerate her sensitive femaleness.

He seemed to hurt her womb,

to take pleasure in torturing her.

He came into the house.

The sound of his footsteps in his heavy boots filled her with horror: a hard,


malignant sound.

She was afraid he would come upstairs.

But he did not.

She waited apprehensively.

He went out.

Where she was most vulnerable,

he hurt her.


where she was delivered over to him,

in her very soft femaleness,

he seemed to lacerate her and desecrate her.

She pressed her hands over her womb in anguish,

whilst the tears ran down her face.

And why,

and why?

Why was he like this?

Suddenly she dried her tears.

She must get the tea ready.

She went downstairs and set the table.

When the meal was ready,

she called to him.

"I've mashed the tea,


are you coming?"

She herself could hear the sound of tears in her own voice,

and she began to cry again.

He did not answer,

but went on with his work.

She waited a few minutes,

in anguish.

Fear came over her,

she was panic-stricken with terror,

like a child;

and she could not go home again to her father;

she was held by the power in this man who had taken her.

She turned indoors so that he should not see her tears.

She sat down to table.

Presently he came into the scullery.

His movements jarred on her,

as she heard them.

How horrible was the way he pumped,


so cruel!

How she hated to hear him!

How he hated her!

How his hatred was like blows upon her!

The tears were coming again.

He came in,

his face wooden and lifeless,



He sat down to tea,

his head dropped over his cup,


His hands were red from the cold water,

and there were rims of earth in his nails.

He went on with his tea.

It was his negative insensitiveness to her that she could not bear,

something clayey and ugly.

His intelligence was self-absorbed.

How unnatural it was to sit with a self-absorbed creature,

like something negative ensconced opposite one.

Nothing could touch him --he could only absorb things into his own self.

The tears were running down her face.

Something startled him,

and he was looking up at her with his hateful,


bright eyes,

hard and unchanging as a bird of prey.

"What are you crying for?"

came the grating voice.

She winced through her womb.

She could not stop crying.

"What are you crying for?"

came the question again,

in just the same tone.

And still there was silence,

with only the sniff of her tears.

His eyes glittered,

and as if with malignant desire.

She shrank and became blind.

She was like a bird being beaten down.

A sort of swoon of helplessness came over her.

She was of another order than he,

she had no defence against him.

Against such an influence,

she was only vulnerable,

she was given up.

He rose and went out of the house,

possessed by the evil spirit.

It tortured him and wracked him,

and fought in him.

And whilst he worked,

in the deepening twilight,

it left him.

Suddenly he saw that she was hurt.

He had only seen her triumphant before.

Suddenly his heart was torn with compassion for her.

He became alive again,

in an anguish of compassion.

He could not bear to think of her tears --he could not bear it.

He wanted to go to her and pour out his heart's blood to her.

He wanted to give everything to her,

all his blood,

his life,

to the last dregs,

pour everything away to her.

He yearned with passionate desire to offer himself to her,


The evening star came,

and the night.

She had not lighted the lamp.

His heart burned with pain and with grief.

He trembled to go to her.

And at last he went,


burdened with a great offering.

The hardness had gone out of him,

his body was sensitive,

slightly trembling.

His hand was curiously sensitive,


as he shut the door.

He fixed the latch almost tenderly.

In the kitchen was only the fireglow,

he could not see her.

He quivered with dread lest she had gone --he knew not where.

In shrinking dread,

he went through to the parlour,

to the foot of the stairs.


he called.

There was no answer.

He went up the stairs,

in dread of the empty house --the horrible emptiness that made his heart ring with insanity.

He opened the bedroom door,

and his heart flashed with certainty that she had gone,

that he was alone.

But he saw her on the bed,

lying very still and scarcely noticeable,

with her back to him.

He went and put his hand on her shoulder,

very gently,


in a great fear and self-offering.

She did not move.

He waited.

The hand that touched her shoulder hurt him,

as if she were sending it away.

He stood dim with pain.


he said.

But still she was motionless,

like a curled up,

oblivious creature.

His heart beat with strange throes of pain.


by a motion under his hand,

he knew she was crying,

holding herself hard so that her tears should not be known.

He waited.

The tension continued --perhaps she was not crying --then suddenly relapsed with a sharp catch of a sob.

His heart flamed with love and suffering for her.

Kneeling carefully on the bed,

so that his earthy boots should not touch it,

he took her in his arms to comfort her.

The sobs gathered in her,

she was sobbing bitterly.

But not to him.

She was still away from him.

He held her against his breast,

whilst she sobbed,

withheld from him,

and all his body vibrated against her.

"Don't cry --don't cry,"

he said,

with an odd simplicity.

His heart was calm and numb with a sort of innocence of love,


She still sobbed,

ignoring him,

ignoring that he held her.

His lips were dry.

"Don't cry,

my love,"

he said,

in the same abstract way.

In his breast his heart burned like a torch,

with suffering.

He could not bear the desolateness of her crying.

He would have soothed her with his blood.

He heard the church clock chime,

as if it touched him,

and he waited in suspense for it to have gone by.

It was quiet again.

"My love,"

he said to her,

bending to touch her wet face with his mouth.

He was afraid to touch her.

How wet her face was!

His body trembled as he held her.

He loved her till he felt his heart and all his veins would burst and flood her with his hot,

healing blood.

He knew his blood would heal and restore her.

She was becoming quieter.

He thanked the God of mercy that at last she was becoming quieter.

His head felt so strange and blazed.

Still he held her close,

with trembling arms.

His blood seemed very strong,

enveloping her.

And at last she began to draw near to him,

she nestled to him.

His limbs,

his body,

took fire and beat up in flames.

She clung to him,

she cleaved to his body.

The flames swept him,

he held her in sinews of fire.

If she would kiss him!

He bent his mouth down.

And her mouth,

soft and moist,

received him.

He felt his veins would burst with anguish of thankfulness,

his heart was mad with gratefulness,

he could pour himself out upon her for ever.

When they came to themselves,

the night was very dark.

Two hours had gone by.

They lay still and warm and weak,

like the new-born,


And there was a silence almost of the unborn.

Only his heart was weeping happily,

after the pain.

He did not understand,

he had yielded,

given way.

There was no understanding.

There could be only acquiescence and submission,

and tremulous wonder of consummation.

The next morning,

when they woke up,

it had snowed.

He wondered what was the strange pallor in the air,

and the unusual tang.

Snow was on the grass and the window-sill,

it weighed down the black,

ragged branches of the yews,

and smoothed the graves in the churchyard.


it began to snow again,

and they were shut in.

He was glad,

for then they were immune in a shadowy silence,

there was no world,

no time.

The snow lasted for some days.

On the Sunday they went to church.

They made a line of footprints across the garden,

he left a flat snowprint of his hand on the wall as he vaulted over,

they traced the snow across the churchyard.

For three days they had been immune in a perfect love.

There were very few people in church,

and she was glad.

She did not care much for church.

She had never questioned any beliefs,

and she was,

from habit and custom,

a regular attendant at morning service.

But she had ceased to come with any anticipation.



in the strangeness of snow,

after such consummation of love,

she felt expectant again,

and delighted.

She was still in the eternal world.

She used,

after she went to the High School,

and wanted to be a lady,

wanted to fulfil some mysterious ideal,

always to listen to the sermon and to try to gather suggestions.

That was all very well for a while.

The vicar told her to be good in this way and in that.

She went away feeling it was her highest aim to fulfil these injunctions.

But quickly this palled.

After a short time,

she was not very much interested in being good.

Her soul was in quest of something,

which was not just being good,

and doing one's best.


she wanted something else: something that was not her ready-made duty.

Everything seemed to be merely a matter of social duty,

and never of her self.

They talked about her soul,

but somehow never managed to rouse or to implicate her soul.

As yet her soul was not brought in at all.

So that whilst she had an affection for Mr. Loverseed,

the vicar,

and a protective sort of feeling for Cossethay church,

wanting always to help it and defend it,

it counted very small in her life.

Not but that she was conscious of some unsatisfaction.

When her husband was roused by the thought of the churches,

then she became hostile to the ostensible church,

she hated it for not fulfilling anything in her.

The Church told her to be good: very well,

she had no idea of contradicting what it said.

The Church talked about her soul,

about the welfare of mankind,

as if the saving of her soul lay in her performing certain acts conducive to the welfare of mankind.

Well and good-it was so,



as she sat in church her face had a pathos and poignancy.

Was this what she had come to hear: how by doing this thing and by not doing that,

she could save her soul?

She did not contradict it.

But the pathos of her face gave the lie.

There was something else she wanted to hear,

it was something else she asked for from the Church.

But who was she to affirm it?

And what was she doing with unsatisfied desires?

She was ashamed.

She ignored them and left them out of count as much as possible,

her underneath yearnings.

They angered her.

She wanted to be like other people,

decently satisfied.

He angered her more than ever.

Church had an irresistible attraction for him.

And he paid no more attention to that part of the service which was Church to her,

than if he had been an angel or a fabulous beast sitting there.

He simply paid no heed to the sermon or to the meaning of the service.

There was something thick,



powerful about him that irritated her too deeply for her to speak of it.

The Church teaching in itself meant nothing to him.

"And forgive us our trespasses as we forgive them that trespass against us" --it simply did not touch him.

It might have been more sounds,

and it would have acted upon him in the same way.

He did not want things to be intelligible.

And he did not care about his trespasses,

neither about the trespasses of his neighbour,

when he was in church.

Leave that care for weekdays.

When he was in church,

he took no more notice of his daily life.

It was weekday stuff.

As for the welfare of mankind --he merely did not realize that there was any such thing: except on weekdays,

when he was good-natured enough.

In church,

he wanted a dark,

nameless emotion,

the emotion of all the great mysteries of passion.

He was not interested in the thought of himself or of her: oh,

and how that irritated her!

He ignored the sermon,

he ignored the greatness of mankind,

he did not admit the immediate importance of mankind.

He did not care about himself as a human being.

He did not attach any vital importance to his life in the drafting office,

or his life among men.

That was just merely the margin to the text.

The verity was his connection with Anna and his connection with the Church,

his real being lay in his dark emotional experience of the Infinite,

of the Absolute.

And the great mysterious,

illuminated capitals to the text,

were his feelings with the Church.

It exasperated her beyond measure.

She could not get out of the Church the satisfaction he got.

The thought of her soul was intimately mixed up with the thought of her own self.


her soul and her own self were one and the same in her.

Whereas he seemed simply to ignore the fact of his own self,

almost to refute it.

He had a soul --a dark,

inhuman thing caring nothing for humanity.

So she conceived it.

And in the gloom and the mystery of the Church his soul lived and ran free,

like some strange,

underground thing,


He was very strange to her,


in this church spirit,

in conceiving himself as a soul,

he seemed to escape and run free of her.

In a way,

she envied it him,

this dark freedom and jubilation of the soul,

some strange entity in him.

It fascinated her.

Again she hated it.

And again,

she despised him,

wanted to destroy it in him.

This snowy morning,

he sat with a dark-bright face beside her,

not aware of her,

and somehow,

she felt he was conveying to strange,

secret places the love that sprang in him for her.

He sat with a dark-rapt,

half-delighted face,

looking at a little stained window.

She saw the ruby-coloured glass,

with the shadow heaped along the bottom from the snow outside,

and the familiar yellow figure of the lamb holding the banner,

a little darkened now,

but in the murky interior strangely luminous,


She had always liked the little red and yellow window.

The lamb,

looking very silly and self-conscious,

was holding up a forepaw,

in the cleft of which was dangerously perched a little flag with a red cross.

Very pale yellow,

the lamb,

with greenish shadows.

Since she was a child she had liked this creature,

with the same feeling she felt for the little woolly lambs on green legs that children carried home from the fair every year.

She had always liked these toys,

and she had the same amused,

childish liking for this church lamb.

Yet she had always been uneasy about it.

She was never sure that this lamb with a flag did not want to be more than it appeared.

So she half mistrusted it,

there was a mixture of dislike in her attitude to it.


by a curious gathering,

knitting of his eyes,

the faintest tension of ecstasy on his face,

he gave her the uncomfortable feeling that he was in correspondence with the creature,

the lamb in the window.

A cold wonder came over her --her soul was perplexed.

There he sat,



with the faint,

bright tension on his face.

What was he doing?

What connection was there between him and the lamb in the glass?

Suddenly it gleamed to her dominant,

this lamb with the flag.

Suddenly she had a powerful mystic experience,

the power of the tradition seized on her,

she was transported to another world.

And she hated it,

resisted it.


it was only a silly lamb in the glass again.

And dark,

violent hatred of her husband swept up in her.

What was he doing,

sitting there gleaming,

carried away,


She shifted sharply,

she knocked him as she pretended to pick up her glove,

she groped among his feet.

He came to,

rather bewildered,


Anybody but her would have pitied him.

She wanted to rend him.

He did not know what was amiss,

what he had been doing.

As they sat at dinner,

in their cottage,

he was dazed by the chill of antagonism from her.

She did not know why she was so angry.

But she was incensed.

"Why do you never listen to the sermon?"

she asked,

seething with hostility and violation.

"I do,"

he said.

"You don't --you don't hear a single word."

He retired into himself,

to enjoy his own sensation.

There was something subterranean about him,

as if he had an underworld refuge.

The young girl hated to be in the house with him when he was like this.

After dinner,

he retired into the parlour,

continuing in the same state of abstraction,

which was a burden intolerable to her.

Then he went to the book-shelf and took down books to look at,

that she had scarcely glanced over.

He sat absorbed over a book on the illuminations in old missals,

and then over a book on paintings in churches: Italian,


French and German.

He had,

when he was sixteen,

discovered a Roman Catholic bookshop where he could find such things.

He turned the leaves in absorption,

absorbed in looking,

not thinking.

He was like a man whose eyes were in his chest,

she said of him later.

She came to look at the things with him.

Half they fascinated her.

She was puzzled,


and antagonistic.

It was when she came to pictures of the Pieta that she burst out.

"I do think they're loathsome,"

she cried.


he said,



"Those bodies with slits in them,

posing to be worshipped."

"You see,

it means the Sacraments,

the Bread,"

he said slowly.

"Does it,"

she cried.

"Then it's worse.

I don't want to see your chest slit,

nor to eat your dead body,

even if you offer it to me.

Can't you see it's horrible?"

"It isn't me,

it's Christ."

"What if it is,

it's you!

And it's horrible,

you wallowing in your own dead body,

and thinking of eating it in the Sacrament."

"You've to take it for what it means."

"It means your human body put up to be slit and killed and then worshipped --what else?"

They lapsed into silence.

His soul grew angry and aloof.

"And I think that lamb in Church,"

she said,

"is the biggest joke in the parish -- --"

She burst into a "Pouf" of ridiculing laughter.

"It might be,

to those that see nothing in it,"

he said.

"You know it's the symbol of Christ,

of His innocence and sacrifice."

"Whatever it means,

it's a lamb,"

she said.

"And I like lambs too much to treat them as if they had to mean something.

As for the Christmas-tree flag --no -- --"

And again she poufed with mockery.

"It's because you don't know anything,"

he said violently,


"Laugh at what you know,

not at what you don't know."

"What don't I know?"

"What things mean."

"And what does it mean?"

He was reluctant to answer her.

He found it difficult.

"What does it mean?"

she insisted.

"It means the triumph of the Resurrection."

She hesitated,


a fear came upon her.

What were these things?

Something dark and powerful seemed to extend before her.

Was it wonderful after all?

But no --she refused it.

"Whatever it may pretend to mean,

what it is is a silly absurd toy-lamb with a Christmas-tree flag ledged on its paw --and if it wants to mean anything else,

it must look different from that."

He was in a state of violent irritation against her.

Partly he was ashamed of his love for these things;

he hid his passion for them.

He was ashamed of the ecstasy into which he could throw himself with these symbols.

And for a few moments he hated the lamb and the mystic pictures of the Eucharist,

with a violent,

ashy hatred.

His fire was put out,

she had thrown cold water on it.

The whole thing was distasteful to him,

his mouth was full of ashes.

He went out cold with corpse-like anger,

leaving her alone.

He hated her.

He walked through the white snow,

under a sky of lead.

And she wept again,

in bitter recurrence of the previous gloom.

But her heart was easy --oh,

much more easy.

She was quite willing to make it up with him when he came home again.

He was black and surly,

but abated.

She had broken a little of something in him.

And at length he was glad to forfeit from his soul all his symbols,

to have her making love to him.

He loved it when she put her head on his knee,

and he had not asked her to or wanted her to,

he loved her when she put her arms round him and made bold love to him,

and he did not make love to her.

He felt a strong blood in his limbs again.

And she loved the intent,

far look of his eyes when they rested on her: intent,

yet far,

not near,

not with her.

And she wanted to bring them near.

She wanted his eyes to come to hers,

to know her.

And they would not.

They remained intent,

and far,

and proud,

like a hawk's naive and inhuman as a hawk's.

So she loved him and caressed him and roused him like a hawk,

till he was keen and instant,

but without tenderness.

He came to her fierce and hard,

like a hawk striking and taking her.

He was no mystic any more,

she was his aim and object,

his prey.

And she was carried off,

and he was satisfied,

or satiated at last.

Then immediately she began to retaliate on him.

She too was a hawk.

If she imitated the pathetic plover running plaintive to him,

that was part of the game.

When he,


moved with a proud,

insolent slouch of the body and a half-contemptuous drop of the head,

unaware of her,

ignoring her very existence,

after taking his fill of her and getting his satisfaction of her,

her soul roused,

its pinions became like steel,

and she struck at him.

When he sat on his perch glancing sharply round with solitary pride,

pride eminent and fierce,

she dashed at him and threw him from his station savagely,

she goaded him from his keen dignity of a male,

she harassed him from his unperturbed pride,

till he was mad with rage,

his light brown eyes burned with fury,

they saw her now,

like flames of anger they flared at her and recognized her as the enemy.

Very good,

she was the enemy,

very good.

As he prowled round her,

she watched him.

As he struck at her,

she struck back.

He was angry because she had carelessly pushed away his tools so that they got rusty.

"Don't leave them littering in my way,


she said.

"I shall leave them where I like,"

he cried.

"Then I shall throw them where I like."

They glowered at each other,

he with rage in his hands,

she with her soul fierce with victory.

They were very well matched.

They would fight it out.

She turned to her sewing.

Immediately the tea-things were cleared away,

she fetched out the stuff,

and his soul rose in rage.

He hated beyond measure to hear the shriek of calico as she tore the web sharply,

as if with pleasure.

And the run of the sewing-machine gathered a frenzy in him at last.

"Aren't you going to stop that row?"

he shouted.

"Can't you do it in the daytime?"

She looked up sharply,

hostile from her work.


I can't do it in the daytime.

I have other things to do.


I like sewing,

and you're not going to stop me doing it."

Whereupon she turned back to her arranging,



his nerves jumped with anger as the sewing-machine started and stuttered and buzzed.

But she was enjoying herself,

she was triumphant and happy as the darting needle danced ecstatically down a hem,

drawing the stuff along under its vivid stabbing,


She made the machine hum.

She stopped it imperiously,

her fingers were deft and swift and mistress.

If he sat behind her stiff with impotent rage it only made a trembling vividness come into her energy.

On she worked.

At last he went to bed in a rage,

and lay stiff,

away from her.

And she turned her back on him.

And in the morning they did not speak,

except in mere cold civilities.

And when he came home at night,

his heart relenting and growing hot for love of her,

when he was just ready to feel he had been wrong,

and when he was expecting her to feel the same,

there she sat at the sewing-machine,

the whole house was covered with clipped calico,

the kettle was not even on the fire.

She started up,

affecting concern.

"Is it so late?"

she cried.

But his face had gone stiff with rage.

He walked through to the parlour,

then he walked back and out of the house again.

Her heart sank.

Very swiftly she began to make his tea.

He went black-hearted down the road to Ilkeston.

When he was in this state he never thought.

A bolt shot across the doors of his mind and shut him in,

a prisoner.

He went back to Ilkeston,

and drank a glass of beer.

What was he going to do?

He did not want to see anybody.

He would go to Nottingham,

to his own town.

He went to the station and took a train.

When he got to Nottingham,

still he had nowhere to go.


it was more agreeable to walk familiar streets.

He paced them with a mad restlessness,

as if he were running amok.

Then he turned to a book-shop and found a book on Bamberg Cathedral.

Here was a discovery!

here was something for him!

He went into a quiet restaurant to look at his treasure.

He lit up with thrills of bliss as he turned from picture to picture.

He had found something at last,

in these carvings.

His soul had great satisfaction.

Had he not come out to seek,

and had he not found!

He was in a passion of fulfilment.

These were the finest carvings,


he had ever seen.

The book lay in his hands like a doorway.

The world around was only an enclosure,

a room.

But he was going away.

He lingered over the lovely statues of women.

A marvellous,

finely-wrought universe crystallized out around him as he looked again,

at the crowns,

the twining hair,

the woman-faces.

He liked all the better the unintelligible text of the German.

He preferred things he could not understand with the mind.

He loved the undiscovered and the undiscoverable.

He pored over the pictures intensely.

And these were wooden statues,

"Holz" --he believed that meant wood.

Wooden statues so shapen to his soul!

He was a million times gladdened.

How undiscovered the world was,

how it revealed itself to his soul!

What a fine,

exciting thing his life was,

at his hand!

Did not Bamberg Cathedral make the world his own?

He celebrated his triumphant strength and life and verity,

and embraced the vast riches he was inheriting.

But it was about time to go home.

He had better catch a train.

All the time there was a steady bruise at the bottom of his soul,

but so steady as to be forgettable.

He caught a train for Ilkeston.

It was ten o'clock as he was mounting the hill to Cossethay,

carrying his limp book on Bamberg Cathedral.

He had not yet thought of Anna,

not definitely.

The dark finger pressing a bruise controlled him thoughtlessly.

Anna had started guiltily when he left the house.

She had hastened preparing the tea,

hoping he would come back.

She had made some toast,

and got all ready.

Then he didn't come.

She cried with vexation and disappointment.

Why had he gone?

Why couldn't he come back now?

Why was it such a battle between them?

She loved him --she did love him --why couldn't he be kinder to her,

nicer to her?

She waited in distress --then her mood grew harder.

He passed out of her thoughts.

She had considered indignantly,

what right he had to interfere with her sewing?

She had indignantly refuted his right to interfere with her at all.

She was not to be interfered with.

Was she not herself,

and he the outsider.

Yet a quiver of fear went through her.

If he should leave her?

She sat conjuring fears and sufferings,

till she wept with very self-pity.

She did not know what she would do if he left her,

or if he turned against her.

The thought of it chilled her,

made her desolate and hard.

And against him,

the stranger,

the outsider,

the being who wanted to arrogate authority,

she remained steadily fortified.

Was she not herself?

How could one who was not of her own kind presume with authority?

She knew she was immutable,


she was not afraid for her own being.

She was only afraid of all that was not herself.

It pressed round her,

it came to her and took part in her,

in form of her man,

this vast,


alien world which was not herself.

And he had so many weapons,

he might strike from so many sides.

When he came in at the door,

his heart was blazed with pity and tenderness,

she looked so lost and forlorn and young.

She glanced up,


And she was surprised to see him,


clear and beautiful in his movements,

as if he were clarified.

And a startled pang of fear,

and shame of herself went through her.

They waited for each other to speak.

"Do you want to eat anything?"

she said.

"I'll get it myself,"

he answered,

not wanting her to serve him.

But she brought out food.

And it pleased him she did it for him.

He was again a bright lord.

"I went to Nottingham,"

he said mildly.

"To your mother?"

she asked,

in a flash of contempt.

"No --I didn't go home."

"Who did you go to see?"

"I went to see nobody."

"Then why did you go to Nottingham?"

"I went because I wanted to go."

He was getting angry that she again rebuffed him when he was so clear and shining.

"And who did you see?"

"I saw nobody."


"No --who should I see?"

"You saw nobody you knew?"


I didn't,"

he replied irritably.

She believed him,

and her mood became cold.

"I bought a book,"

he said,

handing her the propitiatory volume.

She idly looked at the pictures.


the pure women,

with their clear-dropping gowns.

Her heart became colder.

What did they mean to him?

He sat and waited for her.

She bent over the book.

"Aren't they nice?"

he said,

his voice roused and glad.

Her blood flushed,

but she did not lift her head.


she said.

In spite of herself,

she was compelled by him.

He was strange,


exerting some power over her.

He came over to her,

and touched her delicately.

Her heart beat with wild passion,

wild raging passion.

But she resisted as yet.

It was always the unknown,

always the unknown,

and she clung fiercely to her known self.

But the rising flood carried her away.

They loved each other to transport again,

passionately and fully.

"Isn't it more wonderful than ever?"

she asked him,

radiant like a newly opened flower,

with tears like dew.

He held her closer.

He was strange and abstracted.

"It is always more wonderful,"

she asseverated,

in a glad,

child's voice,

remembering her fear,

and not quite cleared of it yet.

So it went on continually,

the recurrence of love and conflict between them.

One day it seemed as if everything was shattered,

all life spoiled,


desolate and laid waste.

The next day it was all marvellous again,

just marvellous.

One day she thought she would go mad from his very presence,

the sound of his drinking was detestable to her.

The next day she loved and rejoiced in the way he crossed the floor,

he was sun,

moon and stars in one.

She fretted,


at last,

over the lack of stability.

When the perfect hours came back,

her heart did not forget that they would pass away again.

She was uneasy.

The surety,

the surety,

the inner surety,

the confidence in the abidingness of love: that was what she wanted.

And that she did not get.

She knew also that he had not got it.

Nevertheless it was a marvellous world,

she was for the most part lost in the marvellousness of it.

Even her great woes were marvellous to her.

She could be very happy.

And she wanted to be happy.

She resented it when he made her unhappy.

Then she could kill him,

cast him out.

Many days,

she waited for the hour when he would be gone to work.

Then the flow of her life,

which he seemed to damn up,

was let loose,

and she was free.

She was free,

she was full of delight.

Everything delighted her.

She took up the rug and went to shake it in the garden.

Patches of snow were on the fields,

the air was light.

She heard the ducks shouting on the pond,

she saw them charge and sail across the water as if they were setting off on an invasion of the world.

She watched the rough horses,

one of which was clipped smooth on the belly,

so that he wore a jacket and long stockings of brown fur,

stand kissing each other in the wintry morning by the church-yard wall.

Everything delighted her,

now he was gone,

the insulator,

the obstruction removed,

the world was all hers,

in connection with her.

She was joyfully active.

Nothing pleased her more than to hang out the washing in a high wind that came full-butt over the round of the hill,

tearing the wet garments out of her hands,

making flap-flap-flap of the waving stuff.

She laughed and struggled and grew angry.

But she loved her solitary days.

Then he came home at night,

and she knitted her brows because of some endless contest between them.

As he stood in the doorway her heart changed.

It steeled itself.

The laughter and zest of the day disappeared from her.

She was stiffened.

They fought an unknown battle,


Still they were in love with each other,

the passion was there.

But the passion was consumed in a battle.

And the deep,

fierce unnamed battle went on.

Everything glowed intensely about them,

the world had put off its clothes and was awful,

with new,

primal nakedness.

Sunday came when the strange spell was cast over her by him.

Half she loved it.

She was becoming more like him.

All the week-days,

there was a glint of sky and fields,

the little church seemed to babble away to the cottages the morning through.

But on Sundays,

when he stayed at home,

a deeply-coloured,

intense gloom seemed to gather on the face of the earth,

the church seemed to fill itself with shadow,

to become big,

a universe to her,

there was a burning of blue and ruby,

a sound of worship about her.

And when the doors were opened,

and she came out into the world,

it was a world new --created,

she stepped into the resurrection of the world,

her heart beating to the memory of the darkness and the Passion.


as very often,

they went to the Marsh for tea on Sundays,

then she regained another,

lighter world,

that had never known the gloom and the stained glass and the ecstasy of chanting.

Her husband was obliterated,

she was with her father again,

who was so fresh and free and all daylight.

Her husband,

with his intensity and his darkness,

was obliterated.

She left him,

she forgot him,

she accepted her father.


as she went home again with the young man,

she put her hand on his arm tentatively,

a little bit ashamed,

her hand pleaded that he would not hold it against her,

her recusancy.

But he was obscured.

He seemed to become blind,

as if he were not there with her.

Then she was afraid.

She wanted him.

When he was oblivious of her,

she almost went mad with fear.

For she had become so vulnerable,

so exposed.

She was in touch so intimately.

All things about her had become intimate,

she had known them near and lovely,

like presences hovering upon her.

What if they should all go hard and separate again,

standing back from her terrible and distinct,

and she,

having known them,

should be at their mercy?

This frightened her.


her husband was to her the unknown to which she was delivered up.

She was a flower that has been tempted forth into blossom,

and has no retreat.

He had her nakedness in his power.

And who was he,

what was he?

A blind thing,

a dark force,

without knowledge.

She wanted to preserve herself.

Then she gathered him to herself again and was satisfied for a moment.

But as time went on,

she began to realize more and more that he did not alter,

that he was something dark,

alien to herself.

She had thought him just the bright reflex of herself.

As the weeks and months went by she realized that he was a dark opposite to her,

that they were opposites,

not complements.

He did not alter,

he remained separately himself,

and he seemed to expect her to be part of himself,

the extension of his will.

She felt him trying to gain power over her,

without knowing her.

What did he want?

Was he going to bully her?

What did she want herself?

She answered herself,

that she wanted to be happy,

to be natural,

like the sunlight and the busy daytime.


at the bottom of her soul,

she felt he wanted her to be dark,



when he seemed like the darkness covering and smothering her,

she revolted almost in horror,

and struck at him.

She struck at him,

and made him bleed,

and he became wicked.

Because she dreaded him and held him in horror,

he became wicked,

he wanted to destroy.

And then the fight between them was cruel.

She began to tremble.

He wanted to impose himself on her.

And he began to shudder.

She wanted to desert him,

to leave him a prey to the open,

with the unclean dogs of the darkness setting on to devour him.

He must beat her,

and make her stay with him.

Whereas she fought to keep herself free of him.

They went their ways now shadowed and stained with blood,

feeling the world far off,

unable to give help.

Till she began to get tired.

After a certain point,

she became impassive,

detached utterly from him.

He was always ready to burst out murderously against her.

Her soul got up and left him,

she went her way.

Nevertheless in her apparent blitheness,

that made his soul black with opposition,

she trembled as if she bled.

And ever and again,

the pure love came in sunbeams between them,

when she was like a flower in the sun to him,

so beautiful,

so shining,

so intensely dear that he could scarcely bear it.

Then as if his soul had six wings of bliss he stood absorbed in praise,

feeling the radiance from the Almighty beat through him like a pulse,

as he stood in the upright flame of praise,

transmitting the pulse of Creation.

And ever and again he appeared to her as the dread flame of power.


when he stood in the doorway,

his face lit up,

he seemed like an Annunciation to her,

her heart beat fast.

And she watched him,


He had a dark,

burning being that she dreaded and resisted.

She was subject to him as to the Angel of the Presence.

She waited upon him and heard his will,

and she trembled in his service.

Then all this passed away.

Then he loved her for her childishness and for her strangeness to him,

for the wonder of her soul which was different from his soul,

and which made him genuine when he would be false.

And she loved him for the way he sat loosely in a chair,

or for the way he came through a door with his face open and eager.

She loved his ringing,

eager voice,

and the touch of the unknown about him,

his absolute simplicity.

Yet neither of them was quite satisfied.

He felt,


that she did not respect him.

She only respected him as far as he was related to herself.

For what he was,

beyond her,

she had no care.

She did not care for what he represented in himself.

It is true,

he did not know himself what he represented.

But whatever it was she did not really honour it.

She did no service to his work as a lace-designer,

nor to himself as bread-winner.

Because he went down to the office and worked every day --that entitled him to no respect or regard from her,

he knew.

Rather she despised him for it.

And he almost loved her for this,

though at first it maddened him like an insult.

What was much deeper,

she soon came to combat his deepest feelings.

What he thought about life and about society and mankind did not matter very much to her: he was right enough to be insignificant.

This was again galling to him.

She would judge beyond him on these things.

But at length he came to accept her judgments,

discovering them as if they were his own.

It was not here the deep trouble lay.

The deep root of his enmity lay in the fact that she jeered at his soul.

He was inarticulate and stupid in thought.

But to some things he clung passionately.

He loved the Church.

If she tried to get out of him,

what he believed,

then they were both soon in a white rage.

Did he believe the water turned to wine at Cana?

She would drive him to the thing as a historical fact: so much rain-water-look at it --can it become grape-juice,


For an instant,

he saw with the clear eyes of the mind and said no,

his clear mind,

answering her for a moment,

rejected the idea.

And immediately his whole soul was crying in a mad,

inchoate hatred against this violation of himself.

It was true for him.

His mind was extinguished again at once,

his blood was up.

In his blood and bones,

he wanted the scene,

the wedding,

the water brought forward from the firkins as red wine: and Christ saying to His mother:


what have I to do with thee?

--mine hour is not yet come."

And then:

"His mother saith unto the servants,

'Whatsoever he saith unto you,

do it.'"

Brangwen loved it,

with his bones and blood he loved it,

he could not let it go.

Yet she forced him to let it go.

She hated his blind attachments.


natural water,

could it suddenly and unnaturally turn into wine,

depart from its being and at haphazard take on another being?

Ah no,

he knew it was wrong.

She became again the palpitating,

hostile child,


putting things to destruction.

He became mute and dead.

His own being gave him the lie.

He knew it was so: wine was wine,

water was water,

for ever: the water had not become wine.

The miracle was not a real fact.

She seemed to be destroying him.

He went out,

dark and destroyed,

his soul running its blood.

And he tasted of death.

Because his life was formed in these unquestioned concepts.


desolate again as she had been when she was a child,

went away and sobbed.

She did not care,

she did not care whether the water had turned to wine or not.

Let him believe it if he wanted to.

But she knew she had won.

And an ashy desolation came over her.

They were ashenly miserable for some time.

Then the life began to come back.

He was nothing if not dogged.

He thought again of the chapter of St. John.

There was a great biting pang.

"But thou hast kept the good wine until now."

"The best wine!"

The young man's heart responded in a craving,

in a triumph,

although the knowledge that it was not true in fact bit at him like a weasel in his heart.

Which was stronger,

the pain of the denial,

or the desire for affirmation?

He was stubborn in spirit,

and abode by his desire.

But he would not any more affirm the miracles as true.

Very well,

it was not true,

the water had not turned into wine.

The water had not turned into wine.

But for all that he would live in his soul as if the water had turned into wine.

For truth of fact,

it had not.

But for his soul,

it had.

"Whether it turned into wine or whether it didn't,"

he said,

"it doesn't bother me.

I take it for what it is."

"And what is it?"

she asked,



"It's the Bible,"

he said.

That answer enraged her,

and she despised him.

She did not actively question the Bible herself.

But he drove her to contempt.

And yet he did not care about the Bible,

the written letter.

Although he could not satisfy her,

yet she knew of herself that he had something real.

He was not a dogmatist.

He did not believe in fact that the water turned into wine.

He did not want to make a fact out of it.


his attitude was without criticism.

It was purely individual.

He took that which was of value to him from the Written Word,

he added to his spirit.

His mind he let sleep.

And she was bitter against him,

that he let his mind sleep.

That which was human,

belonged to mankind,

he would not exert.

He cared only for himself.

He was no Christian.

Above all,

Christ had asserted the brotherhood of man.


almost against herself,

clung to the worship of the human knowledge.

Man must die in the body,

but in his knowledge he was immortal.



was her belief,

quite obscure and unformulated.

She believed in the omnipotence of the human mind.


on the other hand,

blind as a subterranean thing,

just ignored the human mind and ran after his own dark-souled desires,

following his own tunnelling nose.

She felt often she must suffocate.

And she fought him off.

Then he,

knowing he was blind,

fought madly back again,

frantic in sensual fear.

He did foolish things.

He asserted himself on his rights,

he arrogated the old position of master of the house.

"You've a right to do as I want,"

he cried.


she answered.


"I'll let you know who's master,"

he cried.


she answered.


I've known my own father,

who could put a dozen of you in his pipe and push them down with his finger-end.

Don't I know what a fool you are!"

He knew himself what a fool he was,

and was flayed by the knowledge.

Yet he went on trying to steer the ship of their dual life.

He asserted his position as the captain of the ship.

And captain and ship bored her.

He wanted to loom important as master of one of the innumerable domestic craft that make up the great fleet of society.

It seemed to her a ridiculous armada of tubs jostling in futility.

She felt no belief in it.

She jeered at him as master of the house,

master of their dual life.

And he was black with shame and rage.

He knew,

with shame,

how her father had been a man without arrogating any authority.

He had gone on the wrong tack,

and he felt it hard to give up the expedition.

There was great surging and shame.

Then he yielded.

He had given up the master-of-the-house idea.

There was something he wanted,


some form of mastery.

Ever and anon,

after his collapses into the petty and the shameful,

he rose up again,


stubborn in spirit,

strong in his power to start afresh,

set out once more in his male pride of being to fulfil the hidden passion of his spirit.

It began well,

but it ended always in war between them,

till they were both driven almost to madness.

He said,

she did not respect him.

She laughed in hollow scorn of this.

For her it was enough that she loved him.

"Respect what?"

she asked.

But he always answered the wrong thing.

And though she cudgelled her brains,

she could not come at it.

"Why don't you go on with your wood-carving?"

she said.

"Why don't you finish your Adam and Eve?"

But she did not care for the Adam and Eve,

and he never put another stroke to it.

She jeered at the Eve,


"She is like a little marionette.

Why is she so small?

You've made Adam as big as God,

and Eve like a doll."

"It is impudence to say that Woman was made out of Man's body,"

she continued,

"when every man is born of woman.

What impudence men have,

what arrogance!"

In a rage one day,

after trying to work on the board,

and failing,

so that his belly was a flame of nausea,

he chopped up the whole panel and put it on the fire.

She did not know.

He went about for some days very quiet and subdued after it.

"Where is the Adam and Eve board?"

she asked him.


She looked at him.

"But your carving?"

"I burned it."


She did not believe him.

"On Friday night."

"When I was at the Marsh?"


She said no more.


when he had gone to work,

she wept for a whole day,

and was much chastened in spirit.

So that a new,

fragile flame of love came out of the ashes of this last pain.


it occurred to her that she was with child.

There was a great trembling of wonder and anticipation through her soul.

She wanted a child.

Not that she loved babies so much,

though she was touched by all young things.

But she wanted to bear children.

And a certain hunger in her heart wanted to unite her husband with herself,

in a child.

She wanted a son.

She felt,

a son would be everything.

She wanted to tell her husband.

But it was such a trembling,

intimate thing to tell him,

and he was at this time hard and unresponsive.

So that she went away and wept.

It was such a waste of a beautiful opportunity,

such a frost that nipped in the bud one of the beautiful moments of her life.

She went about heavy and tremulous with her secret,

wanting to touch him,


most delicately,

and see his face,

dark and sensitive,

attend to her news.

She waited and waited for him to become gentle and still towards her.

But he was always harsh and he bullied her.

So that the buds shrivelled from her confidence,

she was chilled.

She went down to the Marsh.


said her father,

looking at her and seeing her at the first glance,

"what's amiss wi' you now?"

The tears came at the touch of his careful love.


she said.

"Can't you hit it off,

you two?"

he said.

"He's so obstinate,"

she quivered;

but her soul was obdurate itself.


an' I know another who's all that,"

said her father.

She was silent.

"You don't want to make yourselves miserable,"

said her father;

"all about nowt."

"He isn't miserable,"

she said.

"I'll back my life,

if you can do nowt else,

you can make him as miserable as a dog.

You'd be a dab hand at that,

my lass."

"I do nothing to make him miserable,"

she retorted.

"Oh no --oh no!

A packet o' butterscotch,

you are."

She laughed a little.

"You mustn't think I want him to be miserable,"

she cried.

"I don't."

"We quite readily believe it,"

retorted Brangwen.

"Neither do you intend him to be hopping for joy like a fish in a pond."

This made her think.

She was rather surprised to find that she did not intend her husband to be hopping for joy like a fish in a pond.

Her mother came,

and they all sat down to tea,

talking casually.



said her mother,

"that everything is not waiting for your hand just to take or leave.

You mustn't expect it.

Between two people,

the love itself is the important thing,

and that is neither you nor him.

It is a third thing you must create.

You mustn't expect it to be just your way."

"Ha-nor do I.

If I did I should soon find my mistake out.

If I put my hand out to take anything,

my hand is very soon bitten,

I can tell you."

"Then you must mind where you put your hand,"

said her father.

Anna was rather indignant that they took the tragedy of her young married life with such equanimity.

"You love the man right enough,"

said her father,

wrinkling his forehead in distress.

"That's all as counts."

"I do love him,

more shame to him,"

she cried.

"I want to tell him --I've been waiting for four days now to tell him -- --" her face began to quiver,

the tears came.

Her parents watched her in silence.

She did not go on.

"Tell him what?"

said her father.

"That we're going to have an infant,"

she sobbed,

"and he's never,

never let me,

not once,

every time I've come to him,

he's been horrid to me,

and I wanted to tell him,

I did.

And he won't let me --he's cruel to me."

She sobbed as if her heart would break.

Her mother went and comforted her,

put her arms round her,

and held her close.

Her father sat with a queer,

wrinkled brow,

and was rather paler than usual.

His heart went tense with hatred of his son-in-law.

So that,

when the tale was sobbed out,

and comfort administered and tea sipped,

and something like calm restored to the little circle,

the thought of Will Brangwen's entry was not pleasantly entertained.

Tilly was set to watch out for him as he passed by on his way home.

The little party at table heard the woman's servant's shrill call:

"You've got to come in,


Anna's here."

After a few moments,

the youth entered.

"Are you stopping?"

he asked in his hard,

harsh voice.

He seemed like a blade of destruction standing there.

She quivered to tears.

"Sit you down,"

said Tom Brangwen,

"an' take a bit off your length."

Will Brangwen sat down.

He felt something strange in the atmosphere.

He was dark browed,

but his eyes had the keen,


sharp look,

as if he could only see in the distance;

which was a beauty in him,

and which made Anna so angry.

"Why does he always deny me?"

she said to herself.

"Why is it nothing to him,

what I am?"

And Tom Brangwen,

blue-eyed and warm,

sat in opposition to the youth.

"How long are you stopping?"

the young husband asked his wife.

"Not very long,"

she said.

"Get your tea,


said Tom Brangwen.

"Are you itchin' to be off the moment you enter?"

They talked of trivial things.

Through the open door the level rays of sunset poured in,

shining on the floor.

A grey hen appeared stepping swiftly in the doorway,


and the light through her comb and her wattles made an oriflamme tossed here and there,

as she went,

her grey body was like a ghost.



threw scraps of bread,

and she felt the child flame within her.

She seemed to remember again forgotten,


far-off things.

"Where was I born,


she asked.

"In London."

"And was my father" --she spoke of him as if he were merely a strange name: she could never connect herself with him --"was he dark?"

"He had dark-brown hair and dark eyes and a fresh colouring.

He went bald,

rather bald,

when he was quite young,"

replied her mother,

also as if telling a tale which was just old imagination.

"Was he good-looking?"

"Yes --he was very good-looking --rather small.

I have never seen an Englishman who looked like him."


"He was" --the mother made a quick,

running movement with her hands --"his figure was alive and changing --it was never fixed.

He was not in the least steady --like a running stream."

It flashed over the youth --Anna too was like a running stream.

Instantly he was in love with her again.

Tom Brangwen was frightened.

His heart always filled with fear,

fear of the unknown,

when he heard his women speak of their bygone men as of strangers they had known in passing and had taken leave of again.

In the room,

there came a silence and a singleness over all their hearts.

They were separate people with separate destinies.

Why should they seek each to lay violent hands of claim on the other?

The young people went home as a sharp little moon was setting in the dusk of spring.

Tufts of trees hovered in the upper air,

the little church pricked up shadowily at the top of the hill,

the earth was a dark blue shadow.

She put her hand lightly on his arm,

out of her far distance.

And out of the distance,

he felt her touch him.

They walked on,

hand in hand,

along opposite horizons,

touching across the dusk.

There was a sound of thrushes calling in the dark blue twilight.

"I think we are going to have an infant,


she said,

from far off.

He trembled,

and his fingers tightened on hers.


he asked,

his heart beating.

"You don't know?"

"I do,"

she said.

They continued without saying any more,

walking along opposite horizons,

hand in hand across the intervening space,

two separate people.

And he trembled as if a wind blew on to him in strong gusts,

out of the unseen.

He was afraid.

He was afraid to know he was alone.

For she seemed fulfilled and separate and sufficient in her half of the world.

He could not bear to know that he was cut off.

Why could he not be always one with her?

It was he who had given her the child.

Why could she not be with him,

one with him?

Why must he be set in this separateness,

why could she not be with him,



as one with him?

She must be one with him.

He held her fingers tightly in his own.

She did not know what he was thinking.

The blaze of light on her heart was too beautiful and dazzling,

from the conception in her womb.

She walked glorified,

and the sound of the thrushes,

of the trains in the valley,

of the far-off,

faint noises of the town,

were her "Magnificat".

But he was struggling in silence.

It seemed as though there were before him a solid wall of darkness that impeded him and suffocated him and made him mad.

He wanted her to come to him,

to complete him,

to stand before him so that his eyes did not,

should not meet the naked darkness.

Nothing mattered to him but that she should come and complete him.

For he was ridden by the awful sense of his own limitation.

It was as if he ended uncompleted,

as yet uncreated on the darkness,

and he wanted her to come and liberate him into the whole.

But she was complete in herself,

and he was ashamed of his need,

his helpless need of her.

His need,

and his shame of need,

weighed on him like a madness.

Yet still he was quiet and gentle,

in reverence of her conception,

and because she was with child by him.

And she was happy in showers of sunshine.

She loved her husband,

as a presence,

as a grateful condition.

But for the moment her need was fulfilled,

and now she wanted only to hold her husband by the hand in sheer happiness,

without taking thought,

only being glad.

He had various folios of reproductions,

and among them a cheap print from Fra Angelico's "Entry of the Blessed into Paradise".

This filled Anna with bliss.

The beautiful,

innocent way in which the Blessed held each other by the hand as they moved towards the radiance,

the real,


angelic melody,

made her weep with happiness.

The floweriness,

the beams of light,

the linking of hands,

was almost too much for her,

too innocent.

Day after day came shining through the door of Paradise,

day after day she entered into the brightness.

The child in her shone till she herself was a beam of sunshine;

and how lovely was the sunshine that loitered and wandered out of doors,

where the catkins on the big hazel bushes at the end of the garden hung in their shaken,

floating aureole,

where little fumes like fire burst out from the black yew trees as a bird settled clinging to the branches.

One day bluebells were along the hedge-bottoms,

then cowslips twinkled like manna,

golden and evanescent on the meadows.

She was full of a rich drowsiness and loneliness.

How happy she was,

how gorgeous it was to live: to have known herself,

her husband,

the passion of love and begetting;

and to know that all this lived and waited and burned on around her,

a terrible purifying fire,

through which she had passed for once to come to this peace of golden radiance,

when she was with child,

and innocent,

and in love with her husband and with all the many angels hand in hand.

She lifted her throat to the breeze that came across the fields,

and she felt it handling her like sisters fondling her,

she drank it in perfume of cowslips and of apple-blossoms.

And in all the happiness a black shadow,



a beast of prey,

roamed and vanished from sight,

and like strands of gossamer blown across her eyes,

there was a dread for her.

She was afraid when he came home at night.

As yet,

her fear never spoke,

the shadow never rushed upon her.

He was gentle,


he kept himself withheld.

His hands were delicate upon her,

and she loved them.

But there ran through her the thrill,

crisp as pain,

for she felt the darkness and other-world still in his soft,

sheathed hands.

But the summer drifted in with the silence of a miracle,

she was almost always alone.

All the while,

went on the long,

lovely drowsiness,

the maidenblush roses in the garden were all shed,

washed away in a pouring rain,

summer drifted into autumn,

and the long,


golden days began to close.

Crimson clouds fumed about the west,

and as night came on,

all the sky was fuming and steaming,

and the moon,

far above the swiftness of vapours,

was white,


the night was uneasy.

Suddenly the moon would appear at a clear window in the sky,

looking down from far above,

like a captive.

And Anna did not sleep.

There was a strange,

dark tension about her husband.

She became aware that he was trying to force his will upon her,


there was something he wanted,

as he lay there dark and tense.

And her soul sighed in weariness.

Everything was so vague and lovely,

and he wanted to wake her up to the hard,

hostile reality.

She drew back in resistance.

Still he said nothing.

But she felt his power persisting on her,

till she became aware of the strain,

she cried out against the exhaustion.

He was forcing her,

he was forcing her.

And she wanted so much the joy and the vagueness and the innocence of her pregnancy.

She did not want his bitter-corrosive love,

she did not want it poured into her,

to burn her.

Why must she have it?



why was he not content,


She sat many hours by the window,

in those days when he drove her most with the black constraint of his will,

and she watched the rain falling on the yew trees.

She was not sad,

only wistful,


The child under her heart was a perpetual warmth.

And she was sure.

The pressure was only upon her from the outside,

her soul had no stripes.

Yet in her heart itself was always this same strain,



She was not safe,

she was always exposed,

she was always attacked.

There was a yearning in her for a fulness of peace and blessedness.

What a heavy yearning it was --so heavy.

She knew,


that all the time he was not satisfied,

all the time he was trying to force something from her.


how she wished she could succeed with him,

in her own way!

He was there,

so inevitable.

She lived in him also.

And how she wanted to be at peace with him,

at peace.

She loved him.

She would give him love,

pure love.

With a strange,

rapt look in her face,

she awaited his homecoming that night.


when he came,

she rose with her hands full of love,

as of flowers,



A dark spasm crossed his face.

As she watched,

her face shining and flower-like with innocent love,

his face grew dark and tense,

the cruelty gathered in his brows,

his eyes turned aside,

she saw the whites of his eyes as he looked aside from her.

She waited,

touching him with her hands.

But from his body through her hands came the bitter-corrosive shock of his passion upon her,

destroying her in blossom.

She shrank.

She rose from her knees and went away from him,

to preserve herself.

And it was great pain to her.

To him also it was agony.

He saw the glistening,

flower-like love in her face,

and his heart was black because he did not want it.

Not this --not this.

He did not want flowery innocence.

He was unsatisfied.

The rage and storm of unsatisfaction tormented him ceaselessly.

Why had she not satisfied him?

He had satisfied her.

She was satisfied,

at peace,

innocent round the doors of her own paradise.

And he was unsatisfied,


he raged in torment,



It was for her to satisfy him: then let her do it.

Let her not come with flowery handfuls of innocent love.

He would throw these aside and trample the flowers to nothing.

He would destroy her flowery,

innocent bliss.

Was he not entitled to satisfaction from her,

and was not his heart all raging desire,

his soul a black torment of unfulfilment.

Let it be fulfilled in him,


as it was fulfilled in her.

He had given her her fulfilment.

Let her rise up and do her part.

He was cruel to her.

But all the time he was ashamed.

And being ashamed,

he was more cruel.

For he was ashamed that he could not come to fulfilment without her.

And he could not.

And she would not heed him.

He was shackled and in darkness of torment.

She beseeched him to work again,

to do his wood-carving.

But his soul was too black.

He had destroyed his panel of Adam and Eve.

He could not begin again,

least of all now,

whilst he was in this condition.

For her there was no final release,

since he could not be liberated from himself.

Strange and amorphous,

she must go yearning on through the trouble,

like a warm,

glowing cloud blown in the middle of a storm.

She felt so rich,

in her warm vagueness,

that her soul cried out on him,

because he harried her and wanted to destroy her.

She had her moments of exaltation still,

re-births of old exaltations.

As she sat by her bedroom window,

watching the steady rain,

her spirit was somewhere far off.

She sat in pride and curious pleasure.

When there was no one to exult with,

and the unsatisfied soul must dance and play,

then one danced before the Unknown.

Suddenly she realized that this was what she wanted to do.

Big with child as she was,

she danced there in the bedroom by herself,

lifting her hands and her body to the Unseen,

to the unseen Creator who had chosen her,

to Whom she belonged.

She would not have had anyone know.

She danced in secret,

and her soul rose in bliss.

She danced in secret before the Creator,

she took off her clothes and danced in the pride of her bigness.

It surprised her,

when it was over.

She was shrinking and afraid.

To what was she now exposed?

She half wanted to tell her husband.

Yet she shrank from him.

All the time she ran on by herself.

She liked the story of David,

who danced before the Lord,

and uncovered himself exultingly.

Why should he uncover himself to Michal,

a common woman?

He uncovered himself to the Lord.

"Thou comest to me with a sword and a spear and a shield,

but I come to thee in the name of the Lord: --for the battle is the Lord's,

and he will give you into our hands."

Her heart rang to the words.

She walked in her pride.

And her battle was her own Lord's,

her husband was delivered over.

In these days she was oblivious of him.

Who was he,

to come against her?


he was not even the Philistine,

the Giant.

He was like Saul proclaiming his own kingship.

She laughed in her heart.

Who was he,

proclaiming his kingship?

She laughed in her heart with pride.

And she had to dance in exultation beyond him.

Because he was in the house,

she had to dance before her Creator in exemption from the man.

On a Saturday afternoon,

when she had a fire in the bedroom,

again she took off her things and danced,

lifting her knees and her hands in a slow,

rhythmic exulting.

He was in the house,

so her pride was fiercer.

She would dance his nullification,

she would dance to her unseen Lord.

She was exalted over him,

before the Lord.

She heard him coming up the stairs,

and she flinched.

She stood with the firelight on her ankles and feet,

naked in the shadowy,

late afternoon,

fastening up her hair.

He was startled.

He stood in the doorway,

his brows black and lowering.

"What are you doing?"

he said,


"You'll catch a cold."

And she lifted her hands and danced again,

to annul him,

the light glanced on her knees as she made her slow,

fine movements down the far side of the room,

across the firelight.

He stood away near the door in blackness of shadow,



And with slow,

heavy movements she swayed backwards and forwards,

like a full ear of corn,

pale in the dusky afternoon,

threading before the firelight,

dancing his non-existence,

dancing herself to the Lord,

to exultation.

He watched,

and his soul burned in him.

He turned aside,

he could not look,

it hurt his eyes.

Her fine limbs lifted and lifted,

her hair was sticking out all fierce,

and her belly,




uplifted to the Lord.

Her face was rapt and beautiful,

she danced exulting before her Lord,

and knew no man.

It hurt him as he watched as if he were at the stake.

He felt he was being burned alive.

The strangeness,

the power of her in her dancing consumed him,

he was burned,

he could not grasp,

he could not understand.

He waited obliterated.

Then his eyes became blind to her,

he saw her no more.

And through the unseeing veil between them he called to her,

in his jarring voice:

"What are you doing that for?"

"Go away,"

she said.

"Let me dance by myself."

"That isn't dancing,"

he said harshly.

"What do you want to do that for?"

"I don't do it for you,"

she said.

"You go away."

Her strange,

lifted belly,

big with his child!

Had he no right to be there?

He felt his presence a violation.

Yet he had his right to be there.

He went and sat on the bed.

She stopped dancing,

and confronted him,

again lifting her slim arms and twisting at her hair.

Her nakedness hurt her,

opposed to him.

"I can do as I like in my bedroom,"

she cried.

"Why do you interfere with me?"

And she slipped on a dressing-gown and crouched before the fire.

He was more at ease now she was covered up.

The vision of her tormented him all the days of his life,

as she had been then,

a strange,

exalted thing having no relation to himself.

After this day,

the door seemed to shut on his mind.

His brow shut and became impervious.

His eyes ceased to see,

his hands were suspended.

Within himself his will was coiled like a beast,

hidden under the darkness,

but always potent,


At first she went on blithely enough with him shut down beside her.

But then his spell began to take hold of her.

The dark,

seething potency of him,

the power of a creature that lies hidden and exerts its will to the destruction of the free-running creature,

as the tiger lying in the darkness of the leaves steadily enforces the fall and death of the light creatures that drink by the waterside in the morning,

gradually began to take effect on her.

Though he lay there in his darkness and did not move,

yet she knew he lay waiting for her.

She felt his will fastening on her and pulling her down,

even whilst he was silent and obscure.

She found that,

in all her outgoings and her incomings,

he prevented her.

Gradually she realized that she was being borne down by him,

borne down by the clinging,

heavy weight of him,

that he was pulling her down as a leopard clings to a wild cow and exhausts her and pulls her down.

Gradually she realized that her life,

her freedom,

was sinking under the silent grip of his physical will.

He wanted her in his power.

He wanted to devour her at leisure,

to have her.

At length she realized that her sleep was a long ache and a weariness and exhaustion,

because of his will fastened upon her,

as he lay there beside her,

during the night.

She realized it all,

and there came a momentous pause,

a pause in her swift running,

a moment's suspension in her life,

when she was lost.

Then she turned fiercely on him,

and fought him.

He was not to do this to her,

it was monstrous.

What horrible hold did he want to have over her body?

Why did he want to drag her down,

and kill her spirit?

Why did he want to deny her spirit?

Why did he deny her spirituality,

hold her for a body only?

And was he to claim her carcase?

Some vast,

hideous darkness he seemed to represent to her.

"What do you do to me?"

she cried.

"What beastly thing do you do to me?

You put a horrible pressure on my head,

you don't let me sleep,

you don't let me live.

Every moment of your life you are doing something to me,

something horrible,

that destroys me.

There is something horrible in you,

something dark and beastly in your will.

What do you want of me?

What do you want to do to me?"

All the blood in his body went black and powerful and corrosive as he heard her.

Black and blind with hatred of her he was.

He was in a very black hell,

and could not escape.

He hated her for what she said.

Did he not give her everything,

was she not everything to him?

And the shame was a bitter fire in him,

that she was everything to him,

that he had nothing but her.

And then that she should taunt him with it,

that he could not escape!

The fire went black in his veins.

For try as he might,

he could not escape.

She was everything to him,

she was his life and his derivation.

He depended on her.

If she were taken away,

he would collapse as a house from which the central pillar is removed.

And she hated him,

because he depended on her so utterly.

He was horrible to her.

She wanted to thrust him off,

to set him apart.

It was horrible that he should cleave to her,

so close,

so close,

like leopard that had leapt on her,

and fastened.

He went on from day to day in a blackness of rage and shame and frustration.

How he tortured himself,

to be able to get away from her.

But he could not.

She was as the rock on which he stood,

with deep,

heaving water all round,

and he was unable to swim.

He must take his stand on her,

he must depend on her.

What had he in life,

save her?


The rest was a great heaving flood.

The terror of the night of heaving,

overwhelming flood,

which was his vision of life without her,

was too much for him.

He clung to her fiercely and abjectly.

And she beat him off,

she beat him off.

Where could he turn,

like a swimmer in a dark sea,

beaten off from his hold,

whither could he turn?

He wanted to leave her,

he wanted to be able to leave her.

For his soul's sake,

for his manhood's sake,

he must be able to leave her.

But for what?

She was the ark,

and the rest of the world was flood.

The only tangible,

secure thing was the woman.

He could leave her only for another woman.

And where was the other woman,

and who was the other woman?


he would be just in the same state.

Another woman would be woman,

the case would be the same.

Why was she the all,

the everything,

why must he live only through her,

why must he sink if he were detached from her?

Why must he cleave to her in a frenzy as for his very life?

The only other way to leave her was to die.

The only straight way to leave her was to die.

His dark,

raging soul knew that.

But he had no desire for death.

Why could he not leave her?

Why could he not throw himself into the hidden water to live or die,

as might be?

He could not,

he could not.

But supposing he went away,

right away,

and found work,

and had a lodging again.

He could be again as he had been before.

But he knew he could not.

A woman,

he must have a woman.

And having a woman,

he must be free of her.

It would be the same position.

For he could not be free of her.

For how can a man stand,

unless he have something sure under his feet.

Can a man tread the unstable water all his life,

and call that standing?

Better give in and drown at once.

And upon what could he stand,

save upon a woman?

Was he then like the old man of the seas,

impotent to move save upon the back of another life?

Was he impotent,

or a cripple,

or a defective,

or a fragment?

It was black,


shameful torture,

the frenzy of fear,

the frenzy of desire,

and the horrible,

grasping back-wash of shame.

What was he afraid of?

Why did life,

without Anna,

seem to him just a horrible welter,

everything jostling in a meaningless,


fathomless flood?


if Anna left him even for a week,

did he seem to be clinging like a madman to the edge of reality,

and slipping surely,

surely into the flood of unreality that would drown him.

This horrible slipping into unreality drove him mad,

his soul screamed with fear and agony.

Yet she was pushing him off from her,

pushing him away,

breaking his fingers from their hold on her,



He wanted her to have pity.

And sometimes for a moment she had pity.

But she always began again,

thrusting him off,

into the deep water,

into the frenzy and agony of uncertainty.

She became like a fury to him,

without any sense of him.

Her eyes were bright with a cold,

unmoving hatred.

Then his heart seemed to die in its last fear.

She might push him off into the deeps.

She would not sleep with him any more.

She said he destroyed her sleep.

Up started all his frenzy and madness of fear and suffering.

She drove him away.

Like a cowed,

lurking devil he was driven off,

his mind working cunningly against her,

devising evil for her.

But she drove him off.

In his moments of intense suffering,

she seemed to him inconceivable,

a monster,

the principle of cruelty.

However her pity might give way for moments,

she was hard and cold as a jewel.

He must be put off from her,

she must sleep alone.

She made him a bed in the small room.

And he lay there whipped,

his soul whipped almost to death,

yet unchanged.

He lay in agony of suffering,

thrown back into unreality,

like a man thrown overboard into a sea,

to swim till he sinks,

because there is no hold,

only a wide,

weltering sea.

He did not sleep,

save for the white sleep when a thin veil is drawn over the mind.

It was not sleep.

He was awake,

and he was not awake.

He could not be alone.

He needed to be able to put his arms round her.

He could not bear the empty space against his breast,

where she used to be.

He could not bear it.

He felt as if he were suspended in space,

held there by the grip of his will.

If he relaxed his will would fall,

fall through endless space,

into the bottomless pit,

always falling,




just dropping to extinction,

falling till the fire of friction had burned out,

like a falling star,

then nothing,


complete nothing.

He rose in the morning grey and unreal.

And she seemed fond of him again,

she seemed to make up to him a little.

"I slept well,"

she said,

with her slightly false brightness.

"Did you?"

"All right,"

he answered.

He would never tell her.

For three or four nights he lay alone through the white sleep,

his will unchanged,


still tense,

fixed in its grip.


as if she were revived and free to be fond of him again,

deluded by his silence and seeming acquiescence,

moved also by pity,

she took him back again.

Each night,

in spite of all the shame,

he had waited with agony for bedtime,

to see if she would shut him out.

And each night,


in her false brightness,

she said Good night,

he felt he must kill her or himself.

But she asked for her kiss,

so pathetically,

so prettily.

So he kissed her,

whilst his heart was ice.

And sometimes he went out.

Once he sat for a long time in the church porch,

before going in to bed.

It was dark with a wind blowing.

He sat in the church porch and felt some shelter,

some security.

But it grew cold,

and he must go in to bed.

Then came the night when she said,

putting her arms round him and kissing him fondly:

"Stay with me to-night,

will you?"

And he had stayed without demur.

But his will had not altered.

He would have her fixed to him.

So that soon she told him again she must be alone.

"I don't want to send you away.

I want to sleep with you.

But I can't sleep,

you don't let me sleep."

His blood turned black in his veins.

"What do you mean by such a thing?

It's an arrant lie.

I don't let you sleep -- --"

"But you don't.

I sleep so well when I'm alone.

And I can't sleep when you're there.

You do something to me,

you put a pressure on my head.

And I must sleep,

now the child is coming."

"It's something in yourself,"

he replied,

"something wrong in you."

Horrible in the extreme were these nocturnal combats,

when all the world was asleep,

and they two were alone,

alone in the world,

and repelling each other.

It was hardly to be borne.

He went and lay down alone.

And at length,

after a grey and livid and ghastly period,

he relaxed,

something gave way in him.

He let go,

he did not care what became of him.

Strange and dim he became to himself,

to her,

to everybody.

A vagueness had come over everything,

like a drowning.

And it was an infinite relief to drown,

a relief,

a great,

great relief.

He would insist no more,

he would force her no more.

He would force himself upon her no more.

He would let go,



and what would be,

should be.

Yet he wanted her still,

he always,

always wanted her.

In his soul,

he was desolate as a child,

he was so helpless.

Like a child on its mother,

he depended on her for his living.

He knew it,

and he knew he could hardly help it.

Yet he must be able to be alone.

He must be able to lie down alongside the empty space,

and let be.

He must be able to leave himself to the flood,

to sink or live as might be.

For he recognized at length his own limitation,

and the limitation of his power.

He had to give in.

There was a stillness,

a wanness between them.

Half at least of the battle was over.

Sometimes she wept as she went about,

her heart was very heavy.

But the child was always warm in her womb.

They were friends again,


subdued friends.

But there was a wanness between them.

They slept together once more,

very quietly,

and distinct,

not one together as before.

And she was intimate with him as at first.

But he was very quiet,

and not intimate.

He was glad in his soul,

but for the time being he was not alive.

He could sleep with her,

and let her be.

He could be alone now.

He had just learned what it was to be able to be alone.

It was right and peaceful.

She had given him a new,

deeper freedom.

The world might be a welter of uncertainty,

but he was himself now.

He had come into his own existence.

He was born for a second time,

born at last unto himself,

out of the vast body of humanity.

Now at last he had a separate identity,

he existed alone,

even if he were not quite alone.

Before he had only existed in so far as he had relations with another being.

Now he had an absolute self --as well as a relative self.

But it was a very dumb,


helpless self,

a crawling nursling.

He went about very quiet,

and in a way,


He had an unalterable self at last,




She was relieved,

she was free of him.

She had given him to himself.

She wept sometimes with tiredness and helplessness.

But he was a husband.

And she seemed,

in the child that was coming,

to forget.

It seemed to make her warm and drowsy.

She lapsed into a long muse,




unwilling to be taken out of her vagueness.

And she rested on him also.

Sometimes she came to him with a strange light in her eyes,



as if she were asking for something.

He looked and he could not understand.

She was so beautiful,

so visionary,

the rays seemed to go out of his breast to her,

like a shining.

He was there for her,

all for her.

And she would hold his breast,

and kiss it,

and kiss it,

kneeling beside him,

she who was waiting for the hour of her delivery.

And he would lie looking down at his breast,

till it seemed that his breast was not himself,

that he had left it lying there.

Yet it was himself also,

and beautiful and bright with her kisses.

He was glad with a strange,

radiant pain.

Whilst she kneeled beside him,

and kissed his breast with a slow,


half-devotional movement.

He knew she wanted something,

his heart yearned to give it her.

His heart yearned over her.

And as she lifted her face,

that was radiant and rosy as a little cloud,

his heart still yearned over her,


now from the distance,

adored her.

She had a flower-like presence which he adored as he stood far off,

a stranger.

The weeks passed on,

the time drew near,

they were very gentle,

and delicately happy.

The insistent,


dark soul,

the powerful unsatisfaction in him seemed stilled and tamed,

the lion lay down with the lamb in him.

She loved him very much indeed,

and he waited near her.

She was a precious,

remote thing to him at this time,

as she waited for her child.

Her soul was glad with an ecstasy because of the coming infant.

She wanted a boy: oh,

very much she wanted a boy.

But she seemed so young and so frail.

She was indeed only a girl.

As she stood by the fire washing herself --she was proud to wash herself at this time --and he looked at her,

his heart was full of extreme tenderness for her.

Such fine,

fine limbs,

her slim,

round arms like chasing lights,

and her legs so simple and childish,

yet so very proud.


she stood on proud legs,

with a lovely reckless balance of her full belly,

and the adorable little roundnesses,

and the breasts becoming important.

Above it all,

her face was like a rosy cloud shining.

How proud she was,

what a lovely proud thing her young body!

And she loved him to put his hand on her ripe fullness,

so that he should thrill also with the stir and the quickening there.

He was afraid and silent,

but she flung her arms round his neck with proud,

impudent joy.

The pains came on,

and Oh --how she cried!

She would have him stay with her.

And after her long cries she would look at him,

with tears in her eyes and a sobbing laugh on her face,


"I don't mind it really."

It was bad enough.

But to her it was never deathly.

Even the fierce,

tearing pain was exhilarating.

She screamed and suffered,

but was all the time curiously alive and vital.

She felt so powerfully alive and in the hands of such a masterly force of life,

that her bottom-most feeling was one of exhilaration.

She knew she was winning,


she was always winning,

with each onset of pain she was nearer to victory.

Probably he suffered more than she did.

He was not shocked or horrified.

But he was screwed very tight in the vise of suffering.

It was a girl.

The second of silence on her face when they said so showed him she was disappointed.

And a great blazing passion of resentment and protest sprang up in his heart.

In that moment he claimed the child.

But when the milk came,

and the infant sucked her breast,

she seemed to be leaping with extravagant bliss.

"It sucks me,

it sucks me,

it likes me --oh,

it loves it!"

she cried,

holding the child to her breast with her two hands covering it,


And in a few moments,

as she became used to her bliss,

she looked at the youth with glowing,

unseeing eyes,

and said:

"Anna Victrix."

He went away,


and slept.

To her,

her pains were the wound-smart of a victor,

she was the prouder.

When she was well again she was very happy.

She called the baby Ursula.

Both Anna and her husband felt they must have a name that gave them private satisfaction.

The baby was tawny skinned,

it had a curious downy skin,

and wisps of bronze hair,

and the yellow grey eyes that wavered,

and then became golden-brown like the father's.

So they called her Ursula because of the picture of the saint.

It was a rather delicate baby at first,

but soon it became stronger,

and was restless as a young eel.

Anna was worn out with the day-long wrestling with its young vigour.

As a little animal,

she loved and adored it and was happy.

She loved her husband,

she kissed his eyes and nose and mouth,

and made much of him,

she said his limbs were beautiful,

she was fascinated by the physical form of him.

And she was indeed Anna Victrix.

He could not combat her any more.

He was out in the wilderness,

alone with her.

Having occasion to go to London,

he marvelled,

as he returned,

thinking of naked,

lurking savages on an island,

how these had built up and created the great mass of Oxford Street or Piccadilly.

How had helpless savages,

running with their spears on the riverside,

after fish,

how had they come to rear up this great London,

the ponderous,


ugly superstructure of a world of man upon a world of nature!

It frightened and awed him.

Man was terrible,

awful in his works.

The works of man were more terrible than man himself,

almost monstrous.

And yet,

for his own part,

for his private being,

Brangwen felt that the whole of the man's world was exterior and extraneous to his own real life with Anna.

Sweep away the whole monstrous superstructure of the world of to-day,

cities and industries and civilization,

leave only the bare earth with plants growing and waters running,

and he would not mind,

so long as he were whole,

had Anna and the child and the new,

strange certainty in his soul.


if he were naked,

he would find clothing somewhere,

he would make a shelter and bring food to his wife.

And what more?

What more would be necessary?

The great mass of activity in which mankind was engaged meant nothing to him.

By nature,

he had no part in it.

What did he live for,


For Anna only,

and for the sake of living?

What did he want on this earth?

Anna only,

and his children,

and his life with his children and her?

Was there no more?

He was attended by a sense of something more,

something further,

which gave him absolute being.

It was as if now he existed in Eternity,

let Time be what it might.

What was there outside?

The fabricated world,

that he did not believe in?

What should he bring to her,

from outside?


Was it enough,

as it was?

He was troubled in his acquiescence.

She was not with him.

Yet he scarcely believed in himself,

apart from her,

though the whole Infinite was with him.

Let the whole world slide down and over the edge of oblivion,

he would stand alone.

But he was unsure of her.

And he existed also in her.

So he was unsure.

He hovered near to her,

never quite able to forget the vague,

haunting uncertainty,

that seemed to challenge him,

and which he would not hear.

A pang of dread,

almost guilt,

as of insufficiency,

would go over him as he heard her talking to the baby.

She stood before the window,

with the month-old child in her arms,

talking in a musical,

young sing-song that he had not heard before,

and which rang on his heart like a claim from the distance,

or the voice of another world sounding its claim on him.

He stood near,


and his heart surged,

surged to rise and submit.

Then it shrank back and stayed aloof.

He could not move,

a denial was upon him,

as if he could not deny himself.

He must,

he must be himself.

"Look at the silly blue-caps,

my beauty,"

she crooned,

holding up the infant to the window,

where shone the white garden,

and the blue-tits scuffling in the snow:

"Look at the silly blue-caps,

my darling,

having a fight in the snow!

Look at them,

my bird --beating the snow about with their wings,

and shaking their heads.


aren't they wicked things,

wicked things!

Look at their yellow feathers on the snow there!

They'll miss them,

won't they,

when they're cold later on.

"Must we tell them to stop,

must we say

'stop it' to them,

my bird?

But they are naughty,


Look at them!"

Suddenly her voice broke loud and fierce,

she rapped the pane sharply.

"Stop it,"

she cried,

"stop it,

you little nuisances.

Stop it!"

She called louder,

and rapped the pane more sharply.

Her voice was fierce and imperative.

"Have more sense,"

she cried.


now they're gone.

Where have they gone,

the silly things?

What will they say to each other?

What will they say,

my lambkin?

They'll forget,

won't they,

they'll forget all about it,

out of their silly little heads,

and their blue caps."

After a moment,

she turned her bright face to her husband.

"They were really fighting,

they were really fierce with each other!"

she said,

her voice keen with excitement and wonder,

as if she belonged to the birds' world,

were identified with the race of birds.


they'll fight,

will blue-caps,"

he said,

glad when she turned to him with her glow from elsewhere.

He came and stood beside her and looked out at the marks on the snow where the birds had scuffled,

and at the yew trees' burdened,

white and black branches.

What was the appeal it made to him,

what was the question of her bright face,

what was the challenge he was called to answer?

He did not know.

But as he stood there he felt some responsibility which made him glad,

but uneasy,

as if he must put out his own light.

And he could not move as yet.

Anna loved the child very much,


very much.

Yet still she was not quite fulfilled.

She had a slight expectant feeling,

as of a door half opened.

Here she was,

safe and still in Cossethay.

But she felt as if she were not in Cossethay at all.

She was straining her eyes to something beyond.

And from her Pisgah mount,

which she had attained,

what could she see?

A faint,

gleaming horizon,

a long way off,

and a rainbow like an archway,

a shadow-door with faintly coloured coping above it.

Must she be moving thither?

Something she had not,

something she did not grasp,

could not arrive at.

There was something beyond her.

But why must she start on the journey?

She stood so safely on the Pisgah mountain.

In the winter,

when she rose with the sunrise,

and out of the back windows saw the east flaming yellow and orange above the green,

glowing grass,

while the great pear tree in between stood dark and magnificent as an idol,

and under the dark pear tree,

the little sheet of water spread smooth in burnished,

yellow light,

she said,

"It is here".

And when,

at evening,

the sunset came in a red glare through the big opening in the clouds,

she said again,

"It is beyond".

Dawn and sunset were the feet of the rainbow that spanned the day,

and she saw the hope,

the promise.

Why should she travel any further?

Yet she always asked the question.

As the sun went down in his fiery winter haste,

she faced the blazing close of the affair,

in which she had not played her fullest part,

and she made her demand still:

"What are you doing,

making this big shining commotion?

What is it that you keep so busy about,

that you will not let us alone?"

She did not turn to her husband,

for him to lead her.

He was apart from her,

with her,

according to her different conceptions of him.

The child she might hold up,

she might toss the child forward into the furnace,

the child might walk there,

amid the burning coals and the incandescent roar of heat,

as the three witnesses walked with the angel in the fire.


she felt sure of her husband.

She knew his dark face and the extent of its passion.

She knew his slim,

vigorous body,

she said it was hers.

Then there was no denying her.

She was a rich woman enjoying her riches.

And soon again she was with child.

Which made her satisfied and took away her discontent.

She forgot that she had watched the sun climb up and pass his way,

a magnificent traveller surging forward.

She forgot that the moon had looked through a window of the high,

dark night,

and nodded like a magic recognition,

signalled to her to follow.

Sun and moon travelled on,

and left her,

passed her by,

a rich woman enjoying her riches.

She should go also.

But she could not go,

when they called,

because she must stay at home now.

With satisfaction she relinquished the adventure to the unknown.

She was bearing her children.

There was another child coming,

and Anna lapsed into vague content.

If she were not the wayfarer to the unknown,

if she were arrived now,

settled in her builded house,

a rich woman,

still her doors opened under the arch of the rainbow,

her threshold reflected the passing of the sun and moon,

the great travellers,

her house was full of the echo of journeying.

She was a door and a threshold,

she herself.

Through her another soul was coming,

to stand upon her as upon the threshold,

looking out,

shading its eyes for the direction to take.



During the first year of her marriage,

before Ursula was born,

Anna Brangwen and her husband went to visit her mother's friend,

the Baron Skrebensky.

The latter had kept a slight connection with Anna's mother,

and had always preserved some officious interest in the young girl,

because she was a pure Pole.

When Baron Skrebensky was about forty years old,

his wife died,

and left him raving,


Lydia had visited him then,

taking Anna with her.

It was when the girl was fourteen years old.

Since then she had not seen him.

She remembered him as a small sharp clergyman who cried and talked and terrified her,

whilst her mother was most strangely consoling,

in a foreign language.

The little Baron never quite approved of Anna,

because she spoke no Polish.


he considered himself in some way her guardian,

on Lensky's behalf,

and he presented her with some old,

heavy Russian jewellery,

the least valuable of his wife's relics.

Then he lapsed out of the Brangwen's life again,

though he lived only about thirty miles away.

Three years later came the startling news that he had married a young English girl of good family.

Everybody marvelled.

Then came a copy of "The History of the Parish of Briswell,

by Rudolph,

Baron Skrebensky,

Vicar of Briswell."

It was a curious book,


full of interesting exhumations.

It was dedicated:

"To my wife,

Millicent Maud Pearse,

in whom I embrace the generous spirit of England."

"If he embraces no more than the spirit of England,"

said Tom Brangwen,

"it's a bad look-out for him."

But paying a formal visit with his wife,

he found the new Baroness a little,


insidious thing with red-brown hair and a mouth that one must always watch,

because it curved back continually in an incomprehensible,

strange laugh that exposed her rather prominent teeth.

She was not beautiful,

yet Tom Brangwen was immediately under her spell.

She seemed to snuggle like a kitten within his warmth,

whilst she was at the same time elusive and ironical,

suggesting the fine steel of her claws.

The Baron was almost dotingly courteous and attentive to her.


almost mockingly,

yet quite happy,

let him dote.

Curious little thing she was,

she had the soft,


elusive beauty of a ferret.

Tom Brangwen was quite at a loss,

at her mercy,

and she laughed,

a little breathlessly,

as if tempted to cruelty.

She did put fine torments on the elderly Baron.

When some months later she bore a son,

the Baron Skrebensky was loud with delight.

Gradually she gathered a circle of acquaintances in the county.

For she was of good family,

half Venetian,

educated in Dresden.

The little foreign vicar attained to a social status which almost satisfied his maddened pride.

Therefore the Brangwens were surprised when the invitation came for Anna and her young husband to pay a visit to Briswell vicarage.

For the Skrebenskys were now moderately well off,

Millicent Skrebensky having some fortune of her own.

Anna took her best clothes,

recovered her best high-school manner,

and arrived with her husband.

Will Brangwen,



with long limbs and a small head,

like some uncouth bird,

was not changed in the least.

The little Baroness was smiling,

showing her teeth.

She had a real charm,

a kind of joyous coldness,



like some weasel.

Anna at once respected her,

and was on her guard before her,

instinctively attracted by the strange,

childlike surety of the Baroness,

yet mistrusting it,


The little baron was now quite white-haired,

very brittle.

He was wizened and wrinkled,

yet fiery,


Anna looked at his lean body,

at his small,

fine lean legs and lean hands as he sat talking,

and she flushed.

She recognized the quality of the male in him,

his lean,

concentrated age,

his informed fire,

his faculty for sharp,

deliberate response.

He was so detached,

so purely objective.

A woman was thoroughly outside him.

There was no confusion.

So he could give that fine,

deliberate response.

He was something separate and interesting;

his hard,

intrinsic being,

whittled down by age to an essentiality and a directness almost death-like,


was yet so unswervingly sure in its action,

so distinct in its surety,

that she was attracted to him.

She watched his cool,


separate fire,

fascinated by it.

Would she rather have it than her husband's diffuse heat,

than his blind,

hot youth?

She seemed to be breathing high,

sharp air,

as if she had just come out of a hot room.

These strange Skrebenskys made her aware of another,

freer element,

in which each person was detached and isolated.

Was not this her natural element?

Was not the close Brangwen life stifling her?

Meanwhile the little baroness,

with always a subtle light stirring of her full,


hazel eyes,

was playing with Will Brangwen.

He was not quick enough to see all her movements.

Yet he watched her steadily,

with unchanging,

lit-up eyes.

She was a strange creature to him.

But she had no power over him.

She flushed,

and was irritated.

Yet she glanced again and again at his dark,

living face,


as if she despised him.

She despised his uncritical,

unironical nature,

it had nothing for her.

Yet it angered her as if she were jealous.

He watched her with deferential interest as he would watch a stoat playing.

But he himself was not implicated.

He was different in kind.

She was all lambent,

biting flames,

he was a red fire glowing steadily.

She could get nothing out of him.

So she made him flush darkly by assuming a biting,

subtle class-superiority.

He flushed,

but still he did not object.

He was too different.

Her little boy came in with the nurse.

He was a quick,

slight child,

with fine perceptiveness,

and a cool transitoriness in his interest.

At once he treated Will Brangwen as an outsider.

He stayed by Anna for a moment,

acknowledged her,

then was gone again,




with a glance of interest at everything.

The father adored him,

and spoke to him in Polish.

It was queer,

the stiff,

aristocratic manner of the father with the child,

the distance in the relationship,

the classic fatherhood on the one hand,

the filial subordination on the other.

They played together,

in their different degrees very separate,

two different beings,

differing as it were in rank rather than in relationship.

And the baroness smiled,



always smiled,

showing her rather protruding teeth,

having always a mysterious attraction and charm.

Anna realized how different her own life might have been,

how different her own living.

Her soul stirred,

she became as another person.

Her intimacy with her husband passed away,

the curious enveloping Brangwen intimacy,

so warm,

so close,

so stifling,

when one seemed always to be in contact with the other person,

like a blood-relation,

was annulled.

She denied it,

this close relationship with her young husband.

He and she were not one.

His heat was not always to suffuse her,

suffuse her,

through her mind and her individuality,

till she was of one heat with him,

till she had not her own self apart.

She wanted her own life.

He seemed to lap her and suffuse her with his being,

his hot life,

till she did not know whether she were herself,

or whether she were another creature,

united with him in a world of close blood-intimacy that closed over her and excluded her from all the cool outside.

She wanted her own,


sharp self,



active but not absorbed,

active for her own part,

taking and giving,

but never absorbed.

Whereas he wanted this strange absorption with her,

which still she resisted.

But she was partly helpless against it.

She had lived so long in Tom Brangwen's love,


From the Skrebensky's,

they went to Will Brangwen's beloved Lincoln Cathedral,

because it was not far off.

He had promised her,

that one by one,

they should visit all the cathedrals of England.

They began with Lincoln,

which he knew well.

He began to get excited as the time drew near to set off.

What was it that changed him so much?

She was almost angry,

coming as she did from the Skrebensky's.

But now he ran on alone.

His very breast seemed to open its doors to watch for the great church brooding over the town.

His soul ran ahead.

When he saw the cathedral in the distance,

dark blue lifted watchful in the sky,

his heart leapt.

It was the sign in heaven,

it was the Spirit hovering like a dove,

like an eagle over the earth.

He turned his glowing,

ecstatic face to her,

his mouth opened with a strange,

ecstatic grin.

"There she is,"

he said.

The "she" irritated her.

Why "she"?

It was "it".

What was the cathedral,

a big building,

a thing of the past,


to excite him to such a pitch?

She began to stir herself to readiness.

They passed up the steep hill,

he eager as a pilgrim arriving at the shrine.

As they came near the precincts,

with castle on one side and cathedral on the other,

his veins seemed to break into fiery blossom,

he was transported.

They had passed through the gate,

and the great west front was before them,

with all its breadth and ornament.

"It is a false front,"

he said,

looking at the golden stone and the twin towers,

and loving them just the same.

In a little ecstasy he found himself in the porch,

on the brink of the unrevealed.

He looked up to the lovely unfolding of the stone.

He was to pass within to the perfect womb.

Then he pushed open the door,

and the great,

pillared gloom was before him,

in which his soul shuddered and rose from her nest.

His soul leapt,

soared up into the great church.

His body stood still,

absorbed by the height.

His soul leapt up into the gloom,

into possession,

it reeled,

it swooned with a great escape,

it quivered in the womb,

in the hush and the gloom of fecundity,

like seed of procreation in ecstasy.

She too was overcome with wonder and awe.

She followed him in his progress.


the twilight was the very essence of life,

the coloured darkness was the embryo of all light,

and the day.


the very first dawn was breaking,

the very last sunset sinking,

and the immemorial darkness,

whereof life's day would blossom and fall away again,

re-echoed peace and profound immemorial silence.

Away from time,

always outside of time!

Between east and west,

between dawn and sunset,

the church lay like a seed in silence,

dark before germination,

silenced after death.

Containing birth and death,

potential with all the noise and transition of life,

the cathedral remained hushed,

a great,

involved seed,

whereof the flower would be radiant life inconceivable,

but whose beginning and whose end were the circle of silence.

Spanned round with the rainbow,

the jewelled gloom folded music upon silence,

light upon darkness,

fecundity upon death,

as a seed folds leaf upon leaf and silence upon the root and the flower,

hushing up the secret of all between its parts,

the death out of which it fell,

the life into which it has dropped,

the immortality it involves,

and the death it will embrace again.

Here in the church,

"before" and "after" were folded together,

all was contained in oneness.

Brangwen came to his consummation.

Out of the doors of the womb he had come,

putting aside the wings of the womb,

and proceeding into the light.

Through daylight and day-after-day he had come,

knowledge after knowledge,

and experience after experience,

remembering the darkness of the womb,

having prescience of the darkness after death.

Then between --while he had pushed open the doors of the cathedral,

and entered the twilight of both darkness,

the hush of the two-fold silence where dawn was sunset,

and the beginning and the end were one.

Here the stone leapt up from the plain of earth,

leapt up in a manifold,

clustered desire each time,


away from the horizontal earth,

through twilight and dusk and the whole range of desire,

through the swerving,

the declination,


to the ecstasy,

the touch,

to the meeting and the consummation,

the meeting,

the clasp,

the close embrace,

the neutrality,

the perfect,

swooning consummation,

the timeless ecstasy.

There his soul remained,

at the apex of the arch,

clinched in the timeless ecstasy,


And there was no time nor life nor death,

but only this,

this timeless consummation,

where the thrust from earth met the thrust from earth and the arch was locked on the keystone of ecstasy.

This was all,

this was everything.

Till he came to himself in the world below.

Then again he gathered himself together,

in transit,

every jet of him strained and leaped,

leaped clear into the darkness above,

to the fecundity and the unique mystery,

to the touch,

the clasp,

the consummation,

the climax of eternity,

the apex of the arch.

She too was overcome,

but silenced rather than tuned to the place.

She loved it as a world not quite her own,

she resented his transports and ecstasies.

His passion in the cathedral at first awed her,

then made her angry.

After all,

there was the sky outside,

and in here,

in this mysterious half-night,

when his soul leapt with the pillars upwards,

it was not to the stars and the crystalline dark space,

but to meet and clasp with the answering impulse of leaping stone,

there in the dusk and secrecy of the roof.

The far-off clinching and mating of the arches,

the leap and thrust of the stone,

carrying a great roof overhead,

awed and silenced her.

But yet --yet she remembered that the open sky was no blue vault,

no dark dome hung with many twinkling lamps,

but a space where stars were wheeling in freedom,

with freedom above them always higher.

The cathedral roused her too.

But she would never consent to the knitting of all the leaping stone in a great roof that closed her in,

and beyond which was nothing,


it was the ultimate confine.

His soul would have liked it to be so: here,

here is all,


eternal: motion,



and no illusion of time,

of night and day passing by,

but only perfectly proportioned space and movement clinching and renewing,

and passion surging its way into great waves to the altar,

recurrence of ecstasy.

Her soul too was carried forward to the altar,

to the threshold of Eternity,

in reverence and fear and joy.

But ever she hung back in the transit,

mistrusting the culmination of the altar.

She was not to be flung forward on the lift and lift of passionate flights,

to be cast at last upon the altar steps as upon the shore of the unknown.

There was a great joy and a verity in it.

But even in the dazed swoon of the cathedral,

she claimed another right.

The altar was barren,

its lights gone out.

God burned no more in that bush.

It was dead matter lying there.

She claimed the right to freedom above her,

higher than the roof.

She had always a sense of being roofed in.

So that she caught at little things,

which saved her from being swept forward headlong in the tide of passion that leaps on into the Infinite in a great mass,

triumphant and flinging its own course.

She wanted to get out of this fixed,


forward-travelling movement,

to rise from it as a bird rises with wet,

limp feet from the sea,

to lift herself as a bird lifts its breast and thrusts its body from the pulse and heave of a sea that bears it forward to an unwilling conclusion,

tear herself away like a bird on wings,

and in open space where there is clarity,

rise up above the fixed,

surcharged motion,

a separate speck that hangs suspended,

moves this way and that,

seeing and answering before it sinks again,

having chosen or found the direction in which it shall be carried forward.

And it was as if she must grasp at something,

as if her wings were too weak to lift her straight off the heaving motion.

So she caught sight of the wicked,

odd little faces carved in stone,

and she stood before them arrested.

These sly little faces peeped out of the grand tide of the cathedral like something that knew better.

They knew quite well,

these little imps that retorted on man's own illusion,

that the cathedral was not absolute.

They winked and leered,

giving suggestion of the many things that had been left out of the great concept of the church.

"However much there is inside here,

there's a good deal they haven't got in,"

the little faces mocked.

Apart from the lift and spring of the great impulse towards the altar,

these little faces had separate wills,

separate motions,

separate knowledge,

which rippled back in defiance of the tide,

and laughed in triumph of their own very littleness.



cried Anna.


look how adorable,

the faces!

Look at her."

Brangwen looked unwillingly.

This was the voice of the serpent in his Eden.

She pointed him to a plump,


malicious little face carved in stone.

"He knew her,

the man who carved her,"

said Anna.

"I'm sure she was his wife."

"It isn't a woman at all,

it's a man,"

said Brangwen curtly.

"Do you think so?


That isn't a man.

That is no man's face."

Her voice sounded rather jeering.

He laughed shortly,

and went on.

But she would not go forward with him.

She loitered about the carvings.

And he could not go forward without her.

He waited impatient of this counteraction.

She was spoiling his passionate intercourse with the cathedral.

His brows began to gather.


this is good!"

she cried again.

"Here is the same woman --look!

--only he's made her cross!

Isn't it lovely!

Hasn't he made her hideous to a degree?"

She laughed with pleasure.

"Didn't he hate her?

He must have been a nice man!

Look at her --isn't it awfully good --just like a shrewish woman.

He must have enjoyed putting her in like that.

He got his own back on her,

didn't he?"

"It's a man's face,

no woman's at all --a monk's --clean shaven,"

he said.

She laughed with a pouf!

of laughter.

"You hate to think he put his wife in your cathedral,

don't you?"

she mocked,

with a tinkle of profane laughter.

And she laughed with malicious triumph.

She had got free from the cathedral,

she had even destroyed the passion he had.

She was glad.

He was bitterly angry.

Strive as he would,

he could not keep the cathedral wonderful to him.

He was disillusioned.

That which had been his absolute,

containing all heaven and earth,

was become to him as to her,

a shapely heap of dead matter --but dead,


His mouth was full of ash,

his soul was furious.

He hated her for having destroyed another of his vital illusions.

Soon he would be stark,


without one place wherein to stand,

without one belief in which to rest.

Yet somewhere in him he responded more deeply to the sly little face that knew better,

than he had done before to the perfect surge of his cathedral.

Nevertheless for the time being his soul was wretched and homeless,

and he could not bear to think of Anna's ousting him from his beloved realities.

He wanted his cathedral;

he wanted to satisfy his blind passion.

And he could not any more.

Something intervened.

They went home again,

both of them altered.

She had some new reverence for that which he wanted,

he felt that his cathedrals would never again be to him as they had been.


he had thought them absolute.

But now he saw them crouching under the sky,

with still the dark,

mysterious world of reality inside,

but as a world within a world,

a sort of side show,

whereas before they had been as a world to him within a chaos: a reality,

an order,

an absolute,

within a meaningless confusion.

He had felt,


that could he but go through the great door and look down the gloom towards the far-off,

concluding wonder of the altar,

that then,

with the windows suspended around like tablets of jewels,

emanating their own glory,

then he had arrived.

Here the satisfaction he had yearned after came near,

towards this,

the porch of the great Unknown,

all reality gathered,

and there,

the altar was the mystic door,

through which all and everything must move on to eternity.

But now,


sadly and disillusioned,

he realized that the doorway was no doorway.

It was too narrow,

it was false.

Outside the cathedral were many flying spirits that could never be sifted through the jewelled gloom.

He had lost his absolute.

He listened to the thrushes in the gardens and heard a note which the cathedrals did not include: something free and careless and joyous.

He crossed a field that was all yellow with dandelions,

on his way to work,

and the bath of yellow glowing was something at once so sumptuous and so fresh,

that he was glad he was away from his shadowy cathedral.

There was life outside the Church.

There was much that the Church did not include.

He thought of God,

and of the whole blue rotunda of the day.

That was something great and free.

He thought of the ruins of the Grecian worship,

and it seemed,

a temple was never perfectly a temple,

till it was ruined and mixed up with the winds and the sky and the herbs.

Still he loved the Church.

As a symbol,

he loved it.

He tended it for what it tried to represent,

rather than for that which it did represent.

Still he loved it.

The little church across his garden-wall drew him,

he gave it loving attention.

But he went to take charge of it,

to preserve it.

It was as an old,

sacred thing to him.

He looked after the stone and woodwork,

mending the organ and restoring a piece of broken carving,

repairing the church furniture.


he became choir-master also.

His life was shifting its centre,

becoming more superficial.

He had failed to become really articulate,

failed to find real expression.

He had to continue in the old form.

But in spirit,

he was uncreated.

Anna was absorbed in the child now,

she left her husband to take his own way.

She was willing now to postpone all adventure into unknown realities.

She had the child,

her palpable and immediate future was the child.

If her soul had found no utterance,

her womb had.

The church that neighboured with his house became very intimate and dear to him.

He cherished it,

he had it entirely in his charge.

If he could find no new activity,

he would be happy cherishing the old,

dear form of worship.

He knew this little,

whitewashed church.

In its shadowy atmosphere he sank back into being.

He liked to sink himself in its hush as a stone sinks into water.

He went across his garden,

mounted the wall by the little steps,

and entered the hush and peace of the church.

As the heavy door clanged to behind him,

his feet re-echoed in the aisle,

his heart re-echoed with a little passion of tenderness and mystic peace.

He was also slightly ashamed,

like a man who has failed,

who lapses back for his fulfilment.

He loved to light the candles at the organ,

and sitting there alone in the little glow,

practice the hymns and chants for the service.

The whitewashed arches retreated into darkness,

the sound of the organ and the organ-pedals died away upon the unalterable stillness of the church,

there were faint,

ghostly noises in the tower,

and then the music swelled out again,



He ceased to fret about his life.

He relaxed his will,

and let everything go.

What was between him and his wife was a great thing,

if it was not everything.

She had conquered,


Let him wait,

and abide,

wait and abide.

She and the baby and himself,

they were one.

The organ rang out his protestation.

His soul lay in the darkness as he pressed the keys of the organ.

To Anna,

the baby was a complete bliss and fulfilment.

Her desires sank into abeyance,

her soul was in bliss over the baby.

It was rather a delicate child,

she had trouble to rear it.

She never for a moment thought it would die.

It was a delicate infant,

therefore it behoved her to make it strong.

She threw herself into the labour,

the child was everything.

Her imagination was all occupied here.

She was a mother.

It was enough to handle the new little limbs,

the new little body,

hear the new little voice crying in the stillness.

All the future rang to her out of the sound of the baby's crying and cooing,

she balanced the coming years of life in her hands,

as she nursed the child.

The passionate sense of fulfilment,

of the future germinated in her,

made her vivid and powerful.

All the future was in her hands,

in the hands of the woman.

And before this baby was ten months old,

she was again with child.

She seemed to be in the fecund of storm life,

every moment was full and busy with productiveness to her.

She felt like the earth,

the mother of everything.

Brangwen occupied himself with the church,

he played the organ,

he trained the choir-boys,

he taught a Sunday-school class of youths.

He was happy enough.

There was an eager,

yearning kind of happiness in him as he taught the boys on Sundays.

He was all the time exciting himself with the proximity of some secret that he had not yet fathomed.

In the house,

he served his wife and the little matriarchy.

She loved him because he was the father of her children.

And she always had a physical passion for him.

So he gave up trying to have the spiritual superiority and control,

or even her respect for his conscious or public life.

He lived simply by her physical love for him.

And he served the little matriarchy,

nursing the child and helping with the housework,

indifferent any more of his own dignity and importance.

But his abandoning of claims,

his living isolated upon his own interest,

made him seem unreal,


Anna was not publicly proud of him.

But very soon she learned to be indifferent to public life.

He was not what is called a manly man: he did not drink or smoke or arrogate importance.

But he was her man,

and his very indifference to all claims of manliness set her supreme in her own world with him.


she loved him and he satisfied her.

He went alone and subsidiary always.

At first it had irritated her,

the outer world existed so little to him.

Looking at him with outside eyes,

she was inclined to sneer at him.

But her sneer changed to a sort of respect.

She respected him,

that he could serve her so simply and completely.

Above all,

she loved to bear his children.

She loved to be the source of children.

She could not understand him,

his strange,

dark rages and his devotion to the church.

It was the church building he cared for;

and yet his soul was passionate for something.

He laboured cleaning the stonework,

repairing the woodwork,

restoring the organ,

and making the singing as perfect as possible.

To keep the church fabric and the church-ritual intact was his business;

to have the intimate sacred building utterly in his own hands,

and to make the form of service complete.

There was a little bright anguish and tension on his face,

and in his intent movements.

He was like a lover who knows he is betrayed,

but who still loves,

whose love is only the more intense.

The church was false,

but he served it the more attentively.

During the day,

at his work in the office,

he kept himself suspended.

He did not exist.

He worked automatically till it was time to go home.

He loved with a hot heart the dark-haired little Ursula,

and he waited for the child to come to consciousness.

Now the mother monopolized the baby.

But his heart waited in its darkness.

His hour would come.

In the long run,

he learned to submit to Anna.

She forced him to the spirit of her laws,

whilst leaving him the letter of his own.

She combated in him his devils.

She suffered very much from his inexplicable and incalculable dark rages,

when a blackness filled him,

and a black wind seemed to sweep out of existence everything that had to do with him.

She could feel herself,


being annihilated by him.

At first she fought him.

At night,

in this state,

he would kneel down to say his prayers.

She looked at his crouching figure.

"Why are you kneeling there,

pretending to pray?"

she said,


"Do you think anybody can pray,

when they are in the vile temper you are in?"

He remained crouching by the beside,


"It's horrible,"

she continued,

"and such a pretence!

What do you pretend you are saying?

Who do you pretend you are praying to?"

He still remained motionless,

seething with inchoate rage,

when his whole nature seemed to disintegrate.

He seemed to live with a strain upon himself,

and occasionally came these dark,

chaotic rages,

the lust for destruction.

She then fought with him,

and their fights were horrible,


And then the passion between them came just as black and awful.

But little by little,

as she learned to love him better,

she would put herself aside,

and when she felt one of his fits upon him,

would ignore him,

successfully leave him in his world,

whilst she remained in her own.

He had a black struggle with himself,

to come back to her.

For at last he learned that he would be in hell until he came back to her.

So he struggled to submit to her,

and she was afraid of the ugly strain in his eyes.

She made love to him,

and took him.

Then he was grateful to her love,


He made himself a woodwork shed,

in which to restore things which were destroyed in the church.

So he had plenty to do: his wife,

his child,

the church,

the woodwork,

and his wage-earning,

all occupying him.

If only there were not some limit to him,

some darkness across his eyes!

He had to give in to it at last himself.

He must submit to his own inadequacy,

aware of some limit to himself,

of [something unformed in] his own black,

violent temper,

and to reckon with it.

But as she was more gentle with him,

it became quieter.

As he sat sometimes very still,

with a bright,

vacant face,

Anna could see the suffering among the brightness.

He was aware of some limit to himself,

of something unformed in his very being,

of some buds which were not ripe in him,

some folded centres of darkness which would never develop and unfold whilst he was alive in the body.

He was unready for fulfilment.

Something undeveloped in him limited him,

there was a darkness in him which he could not unfold,

which would never unfold in him.



From the first,

the baby stirred in the young father a deep,

strong emotion he dared scarcely acknowledge,

it was so strong and came out of the dark of him.

When he heard the child cry,

a terror possessed him,

because of the answering echo from the unfathomed distances in himself.

Must he know in himself such distances,

perilous and imminent?

He had the infant in his arms,

he walked backwards and forwards troubled by the crying of his own flesh and blood.

This was his own flesh and blood crying!

His soul rose against the voice suddenly breaking out from him,

from the distances in him.

Sometimes in the night,

the child cried and cried,

when the night was heavy and sleep oppressed him.

And half asleep,

he stretched out his hand to put it over the baby's face to stop the crying.

But something arrested his hand: the very inhumanness of the intolerable,

continuous crying arrested him.

It was so impersonal,

without cause or object.

Yet he echoed to it directly,

his soul answered its madness.

It filled him with terror,

almost with frenzy.

He learned to acquiesce to this,

to submit to the awful,

obliterated sources which were the origin of his living tissue.

He was not what he conceived himself to be!

Then he was what he was,




He became accustomed to the child,

he knew how to lift and balance the little body.

The baby had a beautiful,

rounded head that moved him passionately.

He would have fought to the last drop to defend that exquisite,

perfect round head.

He learned to know the little hands and feet,

the strange,


golden-brown eyes,

the mouth that opened only to cry,

or to suck,

or to show a queer,

toothless laugh.

He could almost understand even the dangling legs,

which at first had created in him a feeling of aversion.

They could kick in their queer little way,

they had their own softness.

One evening,


he saw the tiny,

living thing rolling naked in the mother's lap,

and he was sick,

it was so utterly helpless and vulnerable and extraneous;

in a world of hard surfaces and varying altitudes,

it lay vulnerable and naked at every point.

Yet it was quite blithe.

And yet,

in its blind,

awful crying,

was there not the blind,

far-off terror of its own vulnerable nakedness,

the terror of being so utterly delivered over,

helpless at every point.

He could not bear to hear it crying.

His heart strained and stood on guard against the whole universe.

But he waited for the dread of these days to pass;

he saw the joy coming.

He saw the lovely,


cool little ear of the baby,

a bit of dark hair rubbed to a bronze floss,

like bronze-dust.

And he waited,

for the child to become his,

to look at him and answer him.

It had a separate being,

but it was his own child.

His flesh and blood vibrated to it.

He caught the baby to his breast with his passionate,

clapping laugh.

And the infant knew him.

As the newly-opened,

newly-dawned eyes looked at him,

he wanted them to perceive him,

to recognize him.

Then he was verified.

The child knew him,

a queer contortion of laughter came on its face for him.

He caught it to his breast,

clapping with a triumphant laugh.

The golden-brown eyes of the child gradually lit up and dilated at the sight of the dark-glowing face of the youth.

It knew its mother better,

it wanted its mother more.

But the brightest,

sharpest little ecstasy was for the father.

It began to be strong,

to move vigorously and freely,

to make sounds like words.

It was a baby girl now.

Already it knew his strong hands,

it exulted in his strong clasp,

it laughed and crowed when he played with it.

And his heart grew red --hot with passionate feeling for the child.

She was not much more than a year old when the second baby was born.

Then he took Ursula for his own.

She his first little girl.

He had set his heart on her.

The second had dark blue eyes and a fair skin: it was more a Brangwen,

people said.

The hair was fair.

But they forgot Anna's stiff blonde fleece of childhood.

They called the newcomer Gudrun.

This time,

Anna was stronger,

and not so eager.

She did not mind that the baby was not a boy.

It was enough that she had milk and could suckle her child: Oh,


the bliss of the little life sucking the milk of her body!



oh the bliss,

as the infant grew stronger,

of the two tiny hands clutching,

catching blindly yet passionately at her breast,

of the tiny mouth seeking her in blind,


vital knowledge,

of the sudden consummate peace as the little body sank,

the mouth and throat sucking,



drinking life from her to make a new life,

almost sobbing with passionate joy of receiving its own existence,

the tiny hands clutching frantically as the nipple was drawn back,

not to be gainsaid.

This was enough for Anna.

She seemed to pass off into a kind of rapture of motherhood,

her rapture of motherhood was everything.

So that the father had the elder baby,

the weaned child,

the golden-brown,

wondering vivid eyes of the little Ursula were for him,

who had waited behind the mother till the need was for him.

The mother felt a sharp stab of jealousy.

But she was still more absorbed in the tiny baby.

It was entirely hers,

its need was direct upon her.

So Ursula became the child of her father's heart.

She was the little blossom,

he was the sun.

He was patient,


inventive for her.

He taught her all the funny little things,

he filled her and roused her to her fullest tiny measure.

She answered him with her extravagant infant's laughter and her call of delight.

Now there were two babies,

a woman came in to do the housework.

Anna was wholly nurse.

Two babies were not too much for her.

But she hated any form of work,

now her children had come,

except the charge of them.

When Ursula toddled about,

she was an absorbed,

busy child,

always amusing herself,

needing not much attention from other people.

At evening,

towards six o'clock,

Anna very often went across the lane to the stile,

lifted Ursula over into the field,

with a:

"Go and meet Daddy."

Then Brangwen,

coming up the steep round of the hill,

would see before him on the brow of the path a tiny,


windblown little mite with a dark head,


as soon as she saw him,

would come running in tiny,


windmill fashion,

lifting her arms up and down to him,

down the steep hill.

His heart leapt up,

he ran his fastest to her,

to catch her,

because he knew she would fall.

She came fluttering on,


with her little limbs flying.

And he was glad when he caught her up in his arms.

Once she fell as she came flying to him,

he saw her pitch forward suddenly as she was running with her hands lifted to him;

and when he picked her up,

her mouth was bleeding.

He could never bear to think of it,

he always wanted to cry,

even when he was an old man and she had become a stranger to him.

How he loved that little Ursula!

--his heart had been sharply seared for her,

when he was a youth,

first married.

When she was a little older,

he would see her recklessly climbing over the bars of the stile,

in her red pinafore,

swinging in peril and tumbling over,

picking herself up and flitting towards him.

Sometimes she liked to ride on his shoulder,

sometimes she preferred to walk with his hand,

sometimes she would fling her arms round his legs for a moment,

then race free again,

whilst he went shouting and calling to her,

a child along with her.

He was still only a tall,


unsettled lad of twenty-two.

It was he who had made her her cradle,

her little chair,

her little stool,

her high chair.

It was he who would swing her up to table or who would make for her a doll out of an old table-leg,

whilst she watched him,


"Make her eyes,


make her eyes!"

And he made her eyes with his knife.

She was very fond of adorning herself,

so he would tie a piece of cotton round her ear,

and hang a blue bead on it underneath for an ear-ring.

The ear-rings varied with a red bead,

and a golden bead,

and a little pearl bead.

And as he came home at night,

seeing her bridling and looking very self-conscious,

he took notice and said:

"So you're wearing your best golden and pearl ear-rings,



"I suppose you've been to see the queen?"


I have."


and what had she to say?"

"She said --she said --'You won't dirty your nice white frock."'

He gave her the nicest bits from his plate,

putting them into her red,

moist mouth.

And he would make on a piece of bread-and-butter a bird,

out of jam: which she ate with extraordinary relish.

After the tea-things were washed up,

the woman went away,

leaving the family free.

Usually Brangwen helped in the bathing of the children.

He held long discussions with his child as she sat on his knee and he unfastened her clothes.

And he seemed to be talking really of momentous things,

deep moralities.

Then suddenly she ceased to hear,

having caught sight of a glassie rolled into a corner.

She slipped away,

and was in no hurry to return.

"Come back here,"

he said,


She became absorbed,

taking no notice.

"Come on,"

he repeated,

with a touch of command.

An excited little chuckle came from her,

but she pretended to be absorbed.

"Do you hear,


She turned with a fleeting,

exulting laugh.

He rushed on her,

and swept her up.

"Who was it that didn't come!"

he said,

rolling her between his strong hands,

tickling her.

And she laughed heartily,


She loved him that he compelled her with his strength and decision.

He was all-powerful,

the tower of strength which rose out of her sight.

When the children were in bed,

sometimes Anna and he sat and talked,


both of them idle.

He read very little.

Anything he was drawn to read became a burning reality to him,

another scene outside his window.

Whereas Anna skimmed through a book to see what happened,

then she had enough.

Therefore they would often sit together,

talking desultorily.

What was really between them they could not utter.

Their words were only accidents in the mutual silence.

When they talked,

they gossiped.

She did not care for sewing.

She had a beautiful way of sitting musing,


as if her heart were lit up.

Sometimes she would turn to him,


to tell him some little thing that had happened during the day.

Then he would laugh,

they would talk awhile,

before the vital,

physical silence was between them again.

She was thin but full of colour and life.

She was perfectly happy to do just nothing,

only to sit with a curious,

languid dignity,

so careless as to be almost regal,

so utterly indifferent,

so confident.

The bond between them was undefinable,

but very strong.

It kept everyone else at a distance.

His face never changed whilst she knew him,

it only became more intense.

It was ruddy and dark in its abstraction,

not very human,

it had a strong,

intent brightness.


when his eyes met hers,

a yellow flash from them caused a darkness to swoon over her consciousness,


and a slight strange laugh came on his face.

Her eyes would turn languidly,

then close,

as if hypnotized.

And they lapsed into the same potent darkness.

He had the quality of a young black cat,



and yet his presence gradually made itself felt,

stealthily and powerfully took hold of her.

He called,

not to her,

but to something in her,

which responded subtly,

out of her unconscious darkness.

So they were together in a darkness,



for ever haunting the back of the common day,

never in the light.

In the light,

he seemed to sleep,


Only she knew him when the darkness set him free,

and he could see with his gold-glowing eyes his intention and his desires in the dark.

Then she was in a spell,

then she answered his harsh,

penetrating call with a soft leap of her soul,

the darkness woke up,


bristling with an unknown,

overwhelming insinuation.

By now they knew each other;

she was the daytime,

the daylight,

he was the shadow,

put aside,

but in the darkness potent with an overwhelming voluptuousness.

She learned not to dread and to hate him,

but to fill herself with him,

to give herself to his black,

sensual power,

that was hidden all the daytime.

And the curious rolling of the eyes,

as if she were lapsing in a trance away from her ordinary consciousness became habitual with her,

when something threatened and opposed her in life,

the conscious life.

So they remained as separate in the light,

and in the thick darkness,


He supported her daytime authority,

kept it inviolable at last.

And she,

in all the darkness,

belonged to him,

to his close,


hypnotic familiarity.

All his daytime activity,

all his public life,

was a kind of sleep.

She wanted to be free,

to belong to the day.

And he ran avoiding the day in work.

After tea,

he went to the shed to his carpentry or his woodcarving.

He was restoring the patched,

degraded pulpit to its original form.

But he loved to have the child near him,

playing by his feet.

She was a piece of light that really belonged to him,

that played within his darkness.

He left the shed door on the latch.

And when,

with his second sense of another presence,

he knew she was coming,

he was satisfied,

he was at rest.

When he was alone with her,

he did not want to take notice,

to talk.

He wanted to live unthinking,

with her presence flickering upon him.

He always went in silence.

The child would push open the shed door,

and see him working by lamplight,

his sleeves rolled back.

His clothes hung about him,


like mere wrapping.


his body was concentrated with a flexible,

charged power all of its own,


From when she was a tiny child Ursula could remember his forearm,

with its fine black hairs and its electric flexibility,

working at the bench through swift,

unnoticeable movements,

always ambushed in a sort of silence.

She hung a moment in the door of the shed,

waiting for him to notice her.

He turned,

his black,

curved eyebrows arching slightly.



And he closed the door behind her.

Then the child was happy in the shed that smelled of sweet wood and resounded to the noise of the plane or the hammer or the saw,

yet was charged with the silence of the worker.

She played on,

intent and absorbed,

among the shavings and the little nogs of wood.

She never touched him: his feet and legs were near,

she did not approach them.

She liked to flit out after him when he was going to church at night.

If he were going to be alone,

he swung her over the wall,

and let her come.

Again she was transported when the door was shut behind them,

and they two inherited the big,


void place.

She would watch him as he lit the organ candles,

wait whilst he began his practicing his tunes,

then she ran foraging here and there,

like a kitten playing by herself in the darkness with eyes dilated.

The ropes hung vaguely,

twining on the floor,

from the bells in the tower,

and Ursula always wanted the fluffy,


or blue-and-white rope-grips.

But they were above her.

Sometimes her mother came to claim her.

Then the child was seized with resentment.

She passionately resented her mother's superficial authority.

She wanted to assert her own detachment.



also gave her occasional cruel shocks.

He let her play about in the church,

she rifled foot-stools and hymn-books and cushions,

like a bee among flowers,

whilst the organ echoed away.

This continued for some weeks.

Then the charwoman worked herself up into a frenzy of rage,

to dare to attack Brangwen,

and one day descended on him like a harpy.

He wilted away,

and wanted to break the old beast's neck.

Instead he came glowering in fury to the house,

and turned on Ursula.


you tiresome little monkey,

can't you even come to church without pulling the place to bits?"

His voice was harsh and cat-like,

he was blind to the child.

She shrank away in childish anguish and dread.

What was it,

what awful thing was it?

The mother turned with her calm,

almost superb manner.

"What has she done,



She shall go in the church no more,

pulling and littering and destroying."

The wife slowly rolled her eyes and lowered her eyelids.

"What has she destroyed,


He did not know.

"I've just had Mrs. Wilkinson at me,"

he cried,

"with a list of things she's done."

Ursula withered under the contempt and anger of the "she",

as he spoke of her.

"Send Mrs. Wilkinson here to me with a list of the things she's done,"

said Anna.

"I am the one to hear that."

"It's not the things the child has done,"

continued the mother,

"that have put you out so much,

it's because you can't bear being spoken to by that old woman.

But you haven't the courage to turn on her when she attacks you,

you bring your rage here."

He relapsed into silence.

Ursula knew that he was wrong.

In the outside,

upper world,

he was wrong.

Already came over the child the cold sense of the impersonal world.

There she knew her mother was right.

But still her heart clamoured after her father,

for him to be right,

in his dark,

sensuous underworld.

But he was angry,

and went his way in blackness and brutal silence again.

The child ran about absorbed in life,


full of amusement.

She did not notice things,

nor changes nor alterations.

One day she would find daisies in the grass,

another day,

apple-blossoms would be sprinkled white on the ground,

and she would run among it,

for pleasure because it was there.

Yet again birds would be pecking at the cherries,

her father would throw cherries down from the tree all round her on the garden.

Then the fields were full of hay.

She did not remember what had been nor what would be,

the outside things were there each day.

She was always herself,

the world outside was accidental.

Even her mother was accidental to her: a condition that happened to endure.

Only her father occupied any permanent position in the childish consciousness.

When he came back she remembered vaguely how he had gone away,

when he went away she knew vaguely that she must wait for his coming back.

Whereas her mother,

returning from an outing,

merely became present,

there was no reason for connecting her with some previous departure.

The return or the departure of the father was the one event which the child remembered.

When he came,

something woke up in her,

some yearning.

She knew when he was out of joint or irritable or tired: then she was uneasy,

she could not rest.

When he was in the house,

the child felt full and warm,

rich like a creature in the sunshine.

When he was gone,

she was vague,


When he scolded her even,

she was often more aware of him than of herself.

He was her strength and her greater self.

Ursula was three years old when another baby girl was born.

Then the two small sisters were much together,

Gudrun and Ursula.

Gudrun was a quiet child who played for hours alone,

absorbed in her fancies.

She was brown-haired,


strangely placid,

almost passive.

Yet her will was indomitable,

once set.

From the first she followed Ursula's lead.

Yet she was a thing to herself,

so that to watch the two together was strange.

They were like two young animals playing together but not taking real notice of each other.

Gudrun was the mother's favourite --except that Anna always lived in her latest baby.

The burden of so many lives depending on him wore the youth down.

He had his work in the office,

which was done purely by effort of will: he had his barren passion for the church;

he had three young children.

Also at this time his health was not good.

So he was haggard and irritable,

often a pest in the house.

Then he was told to go to his woodwork,

or to the church.

Between him and the little Ursula there came into being a strange alliance.

They were aware of each other.

He knew the child was always on his side.

But in his consciousness he counted it for nothing.

She was always for him.

He took it for granted.

Yet his life was based on her,

even whilst she was a tiny child,

on her support and her accord.

Anna continued in her violent trance of motherhood,

always busy,

often harassed,

but always contained in her trance of motherhood.

She seemed to exist in her own violent fruitfulness,

and it was as if the sun shone tropically on her.

Her colour was bright,

her eyes full of a fecund gloom,

her brown hair tumbled loosely over her ears.

She had a look of richness.

No responsibility,

no sense of duty troubled her.

The outside,

public life was less than nothing to her,


Whereas when,

at twenty-six,

he found himself father of four children,

with a wife who lived intrinsically like the ruddiest lilies of the field,

he let the weight of responsibility press on him and drag him.

It was then that his child Ursula strove to be with him.

She was with him,

even as a baby of four,

when he was irritable and shouted and made the household unhappy.

She suffered from his shouting,

but somehow it was not really him.

She wanted it to be over,

she wanted to resume her normal connection with him.

When he was disagreeable,

the child echoed to the crying of some need in him,

and she responded blindly.

Her heart followed him as if he had some tie with her,

and some love which he could not deliver.

Her heart followed him persistently,

in its love.

But there was the dim,

childish sense of her own smallness and inadequacy,

a fatal sense of worthlessness.

She could not do anything,

she was not enough.

She could not be important to him.

This knowledge deadened her from the first.

Still she set towards him like a quivering needle.

All her life was directed by her awareness of him,

her wakefulness to his being.

And she was against her mother.

Her father was the dawn wherein her consciousness woke up.

But for him,

she might have gone on like the other children,

Gudrun and Theresa and Catherine,

one with the flowers and insects and playthings,

having no existence apart from the concrete object of her attention.

But her father came too near to her.

The clasp of his hands and the power of his breast woke her up almost in pain from the transient unconsciousness of childhood.



she was awake before she knew how to see.

She was wakened too soon.

Too soon the call had come to her,

when she was a small baby,

and her father held her close to his breast,

her sleep-living heart was beaten into wakefulness by the striving of his bigger heart,

by his clasping her to his body for love and for fulfilment,

asking as a magnet must always ask.

From her the response had struggled dimly,

vaguely into being.

The children were dressed roughly for the country.

When she was little,

Ursula pattered about in little wooden clogs,

a blue overall over her thick red dress,

a red shawl crossed on her breast and tied behind again.

So she ran with her father to the garden.

The household rose early.

He was out digging by six o'clock in the morning,

he went to his work at half-past eight.

And Ursula was usually in the garden with him,

though not near at hand.

At Eastertime one year,

she helped him to set potatoes.

It was the first time she had ever helped him.

The occasion remained as a picture,

one of her earliest memories.

They had gone out soon after dawn.

A cold wind was blowing.

He had his old trousers tucked into his boots,

he wore no coat nor waistcoat,

his shirt-sleeves fluttered in the wind,

his face was ruddy and intent,

in a kind of sleep.

When he was at work he neither heard nor saw.

A long,

thin man,

looking still a youth,

with a line of black moustache above his thick mouth,

and his fine hair blown on his forehead,

he worked away at the earth in the grey first light,


His solitariness drew the child like a spell.

The wind came chill over the dark-green fields.

Ursula ran up and watched him push the setting-peg in at one side of his ready earth,

stride across,

and push it in the other side,

pulling the line taut and clear upon the clods intervening.

Then with a sharp cutting noise the bright spade came towards her,

cutting a grip into the new,

soft earth.

He struck his spade upright and straightened himself.

"Do you want to help me?"

he said.

She looked up at him from out of her little woollen bonnet.


he said,

"you can put some taters in for me.

Look --like that --these little sprits standing up --so much apart,

you see."

And stooping down he quickly,

surely placed the spritted potatoes in the soft grip,

where they rested separate and pathetic on the heavy cold earth.

He gave her a little basket of potatoes,

and strode himself to the other end of the line.

She saw him stooping,

working towards her.

She was excited,

and unused.

She put in one potato,

then rearranged it,

to make it sit nicely.

Some of the sprits were broken,

and she was afraid.

The responsibility excited her like a string tying her up.

She could not help looking with dread at the string buried under the heaped-back soil.

Her father was working nearer,


working nearer.

She was overcome by her responsibility.

She put potatoes quickly into the cold earth.

He came near.

"Not so close,"

he said,

stooping over her potatoes,

taking some out and rearranging the others.

She stood by with the painful terrified helplessness of childhood.

He was so unseeing and confident,

she wanted to do the thing and yet she could not.

She stood by looking on,

her little blue overall fluttering in the wind,

the red woollen ends of her shawl blowing gustily.

Then he went down the row,


turning the potatoes in with his sharp spade-cuts.

He took no notice of her,

only worked on.

He had another world from hers.

She stood helplessly stranded on his world.

He continued his work.

She knew she could not help him.

A little bit forlorn,

at last she turned away,

and ran down the garden,

away from him,

as fast as she could go away from him,

to forget him and his work.

He missed her presence,

her face in her red woollen bonnet,

her blue overall fluttering.

She ran to where a little water ran trickling between grass and stones.

That she loved.

When he came by he said to her:

"You didn't help me much."

The child looked at him dumbly.

Already her heart was heavy because of her own disappointment.

Her mouth was dumb and pathetic.

But he did not notice,

he went his way.

And she played on,

because of her disappointment persisting even the more in her play.

She dreaded work,

because she could not do it as he did it.

She was conscious of the great breach between them.

She knew she had no power.

The grown-up power to work deliberately was a mystery to her.

He would smash into her sensitive child's world destructively.

Her mother was lenient,

careless The children played about as they would all day.

Ursula was thoughtless --why should she remember things?

If across the garden she saw the hedge had budded,

and if she wanted these greeny-pink,

tiny buds for bread-and-cheese,

to play at teaparty with,

over she went for them.

Then suddenly,

perhaps the next day,

her soul would almost start out of her body as her father turned on her,


"Who's been tramplin' an' dancin' across where I've just sowed seed?

I know it's you,


Can you find nowhere else to walk,

but just over my seed beds?

But it's like you,

that is --no heed but to follow your own greedy nose."

It had shocked him in his intent world to see the zigzagging lines of deep little foot-prints across his work.

The child was infinitely more shocked.

Her vulnerable little soul was flayed and trampled.

Why were the foot-prints there?

She had not wanted to make them.

She stood dazzled with pain and shame and unreality.

Her soul,

her consciousness seemed to die away.

She became shut off and senseless,

a little fixed creature whose soul had gone hard and unresponsive.

The sense of her own unreality hardened her like a frost.

She cared no longer.

And the sight of her face,

shut and superior with self-asserting indifference,

made a flame of rage go over him.

He wanted to break her.

"I'll break your obstinate little face,"

he said,

through shut teeth,

lifting his hand.

The child did not alter in the least.

The look of indifference,

complete glancing indifference,

as if nothing but herself existed to her,

remained fixed.

Yet far away in her,

the sobs were tearing her soul.

And when he had gone,

she would go and creep under the parlour sofa,

and lie clinched in the silent,

hidden misery of childhood.

When she crawled out,

after an hour or so,

she went rather stiffly to play.

She willed to forget.

She cut off her childish soul from memory,

so that the pain,

and the insult should not be real.

She asserted herself only.

There was not nothing in the world but her own self.

So very soon,

she came to believe in the outward malevolence that was against her.

And very early,

she learned that even her adored father was part of this malevolence.

And very early she learned to harden her soul in resistance and denial of all that was outside her,

harden herself upon her own being.

She never felt sorry for what she had done,

she never forgave those who had made her guilty.

If he had said to her,



did you trample my carefully-made bed?"

that would have hurt her to the quick,

and she would have done anything for him.

But she was always tormented by the unreality of outside things.

The earth was to walk on.

Why must she avoid a certain patch,

just because it was called a seed-bed?

It was the earth to walk on.

This was her instinctive assumption.

And when he bullied her,

she became hard,

cut herself off from all connection,

lived in the little separate world of her own violent will.

As she grew older,




the connection between her and her father was even stronger.

Yet it was always straining to break.

She was always relapsing on her own violent will into her own separate world of herself.

This made him grind his teeth with bitterness,

for he still wanted her.

But she could harden herself into her own self's universe,


He was very fond of swimming,

and in warm weather would take her down to the canal,

to a silent place,

or to a big pond or reservoir,

to bathe.

He would take her on his back as he went swimming,

and she clung close,

feeling his strong movement under her,

so strong,

as if it would uphold all the world.

Then he taught her to swim.

She was a fearless little thing,

when he dared her.

And he had a curious craving to frighten her,

to see what she would do with him.

He said,

would she ride on his back whilst he jumped off the canal bridge down into the water beneath.

She would.

He loved to feel the naked child clinging on to his shoulders.

There was a curious fight between their two wills.

He mounted the parapet of the canal bridge.

The water was a long way down.

But the child had a deliberate will set upon his.

She held herself fixed to him.

He leapt,

and down they went.

The crash of the water as they went under struck through the child's small body,

with a sort of unconsciousness.

But she remained fixed.

And when they came up again,

and when they went to the bank,

and when they sat on the grass side by side,

he laughed,

and said it was fine.

And the dark-dilated eyes of the child looked at him wonderingly,


wondering from the shock,

yet reserved and unfathomable,

so he laughed almost with a sob.

In a moment she was clinging safely on his back again,

and he was swimming in deep water.

She was used to his nakedness,

and to her mother's nakedness,

ever since she was born.

They were clinging to each other,

and making up to each other for the strange blow that had been struck at them.

Yet still,

on other days,

he would leap again with her from the bridge,


almost wickedly.

Till at length,

as he leapt,


she dropped forward on to his head,

and nearly broke his neck,

so that they fell into the water in a heap,

and fought for a few moments with death.

He saved her,

and sat on the bank,


But his eyes were full of the blackness of death.

It was as if death had cut between their two lives,

and separated them.

Still they were not separate.

There was this curious taunting intimacy between them.

When the fair came,

she wanted to go in the swing-boats.

He took her,


standing up in the boat,

holding on to the irons,

began to drive higher,

perilously higher.

The child clung fast on her seat.

"Do you want to go any higher?"

he said to her,

and she laughed with her mouth,

her eyes wide and dilated.

They were rushing through the air.


she said,

feeling as if she would turn into vapour,

lose hold of everything,

and melt away.

The boat swung far up,

then down like a stone,

only to be caught sickeningly up again.

"Any higher?"

he called,

looking at her over his shoulder,

his face evil and beautiful to her.

She laughed with white lips.

He sent the swing-boat sweeping through the air in a great semi-circle,

till it jerked and swayed at the high horizontal.

The child clung on,


her eyes fixed on him.

People below were calling.

The jerk at the top had almost shaken them both out.

He had done what he could --and he was attracting censure.

He sat down,

and let the swingboat swing itself out.

People in the crowd cried shame on him as he came out of the swingboat.

He laughed.

The child clung to his hand,

pale and mute.

In a while she was violently sick.

He gave her lemonade,

and she gulped a little.

"Don't tell your mother you've been sick,"

he said.

There was no need to ask that.

When she got home,

the child crept away under the parlour sofa,

like a sick little animal,

and was a long time before she crawled out.

But Anna got to know of this escapade,

and was passionately angry and contemptuous of him.

His golden-brown eyes glittered,

he had a strange,

cruel little smile.

And as the child watched him,

for the first time in her life a disillusion came over her,

something cold and isolating.

She went over to her mother.

Her soul was dead towards him.

It made her sick.

Still she forgot and continued to love him,

but ever more coldly.

He was at this time,

when he was about twenty-eight years old,

strange and violent in his being,


He acquired some power over Anna,

over everybody he came into contact with.

After a long bout of hostility,

Anna at last closed with him.

She had now four children,

all girls.

For seven years she had been absorbed in wifehood and motherhood.

For years he had gone on beside her,

never really encroaching upon her.

Then gradually another self seemed to assert its being within him.

He was still silent and separate.

But she could feel him all the while coming near upon her,

as if his breast and his body were threatening her,

and he was always coming closer.

Gradually he became indifferent of responsibility.

He would do what pleased him,

and no more.

He began to go away from home.

He went to Nottingham on Saturdays,

always alone,

to the football match and to the music-hall,

and all the time he was watching,

in readiness.

He never cared to drink.

But with his hard,

golden-brown eyes,

so keen seeing with their tiny black pupils,

he watched all the people,

everything that happened,

and he waited.

In the Empire one evening he sat next to two girls.

He was aware of the one beside him.

She was rather small,


with a fresh complexion and an upper lip that lifted from her teeth,

so that,

when she was not conscious,

her mouth was slightly open and her lips pressed outwards in a kind of blind appeal.

She was strongly aware of the man next to her,

so that all her body was still,

very still.

Her face watched the stage.

Her arms went down into her lap,

very self-conscious and still.

A gleam lit up in him: should he begin with her?

Should he begin with her to live the other,

the unadmitted life of his desire?

Why not?

He had always been so good.

Save for his wife,

he was a virgin.

And why,

when all women were different?


when he would only live once?

He wanted the other life.

His own life was barren,

not enough.

He wanted the other.

Her open mouth,

showing the small,


white teeth,

appealed to him.

It was open and ready.

It was so vulnerable.

Why should he not go in and enjoy what was there?

The slim arm that went down so still and motionless to the lap,

it was pretty.

She would be small,

he would be able almost to hold her in his two hands.

She would be small,

almost like a child,

and pretty.

Her childishness whetted him keenly.

She would he helpless between his hands.

"That was the best turn we've had,"

he said to her,

leaning over as he clapped his hands.

He felt strong and unshakeable in himself,

set over against all the world.

His soul was keen and watchful,

glittering with a kind of amusement.

He was perfectly self-contained.

He was himself,

the absolute,

the rest of the world was the object that should contribute to his being.

The girl started,

turned round,

her eyes lit up with an almost painful flash of a smile,

the colour came deeply in her cheeks.


it was,"

she said,

quite meaninglessly,

and she covered her rather prominent teeth with her lips.

Then she sat looking straight before her,

seeing nothing,

only conscious of the colour burning in her cheeks.

It pricked him with a pleasant sensation.

His veins and his nerves attended to her,

she was so young and palpitating.

"It's not such a good programme as last week's,"

he said.

Again she half turned her face to him,

and her clear,

bright eyes,

bright like shallow water,

filled with light,


yet involuntarily lighting and shaking with response.


isn't it!

I wasn't able to come last week."

He noted the common accent.

It pleased him.

He knew what class she came of.

Probably she was a warehouse-lass.

He was glad she was a common girl.

He proceeded to tell her about the last week's programme.

She answered at random,

very confusedly.

The colour burned in her cheek.

Yet she always answered him.

The girl on the other side sat remotely,

obviously silent.

He ignored her.

All his address was for his own girl,

with her bright,

shallow eyes and her vulnerably opened mouth.

The talk went on,

meaningless and random on her part,

quite deliberate and purposive on his.

It was a pleasure to him to make this conversation,

an activity pleasant as a fine game of chance and skill.

He was very quiet and pleasant-humoured,

but so full of strength.

She fluttered beside his steady pressure of warmth and his surety.

He saw the performance drawing to a close.

His senses were alert and wilful.

He would press his advantages.

He followed her and her plain friend down the stairs to the street.

It was raining.

"It's a nasty night,"

he said.

"Shall you come and have a drink of something --a cup of coffee --it's early yet."


I don't think so,"

she said,

looking away into the night.

"I wish you would,"

he said,

putting himself as it were at her mercy.

There was a moment's pause.

"Come to Rollins?"

he said.

"No --not there."

"To Carson's,


There was a silence.

The other girl hung on.

The man was the centre of positive force.

"Will your friend come as well?"

There was another moment of silence,

while the other girl felt her ground.



she said.

"I've promised to meet a friend."

"Another time,


he said.



she replied,

very awkward.

"Good night,"

he said.

"See you later,"

said his girl to her friend.


said the friend.

"You know,


replied his girl.

"All right,


The friend was gone into the darkness.

He turned with his girl to the tea-shop.

They talked all the time.

He made his sentences in sheer,

almost muscular pleasure of exercising himself with her.

He was looking at her all the time,

perceiving her,

appreciating her,

finding her out,

gratifying himself with her.

He could see distinct attractions in her;

her eyebrows,

with their particular curve,

gave him keen aesthetic pleasure.

Later on he would see her bright,

pellucid eyes,

like shallow water,

and know those.

And there remained the open,

exposed mouth,

red and vulnerable.

That he reserved as yet.

And all the while his eyes were on the girl,

estimating and handling with pleasure her young softness.

About the girl herself,

who or what she was,

he cared nothing,

he was quite unaware that she was anybody.

She was just the sensual object of his attention.

"Shall we go,


he said.

She rose in silence,

as if acting without a mind,

merely physically.

He seemed to hold her in his will.

Outside it was still raining.

"Let's have a walk,"

he said.

"I don't mind the rain,

do you?"


I don't mind it,"

she said.

He was alert in every sense and fibre,

and yet quite sure and steady,

and lit up,

as if transfused.

He had a free sensation of walking in his own darkness,

not in anybody else's world at all.

He was purely a world to himself,

he had nothing to do with any general consciousness.

Just his own senses were supreme.

All the rest was external,


leaving him alone with this girl whom he wanted to absorb,

whose properties he wanted to absorb into his own senses.

He did not care about her,

except that he wanted to overcome her resistance,

to have her in his power,

fully and exhaustively to enjoy her.

They turned into the dark streets.

He held her umbrella over her,

and put his arm round her.

She walked as if she were unaware.

But gradually,

as he walked,

he drew her a little closer,

into the movement of his side and hip.

She fitted in there very well.

It was a real good fit,

to walk with her like this.

It made him exquisitely aware of his own muscular self.

And his hand that grasped her side felt one curve of her,

and it seemed like a new creation to him,

a reality,

an absolute,

an existing tangible beauty of the absolute.

It was like a star.

Everything in him was absorbed in the sensual delight of this one small,

firm curve in her body,

that his hand,

and his whole being,

had lighted upon.

He led her into the Park,

where it was almost dark.

He noticed a corner between two walls,

under a great overhanging bush of ivy.

"Let us stand here a minute,"

he said.

He put down the umbrella,

and followed her into the corner,

retreating out of the rain.

He needed no eyes to see.

All he wanted was to know through touch.

She was like a piece of palpable darkness.

He found her in the darkness,

put his arms round her and his hands upon her.

She was silent and inscrutable.

But he did not want to know anything about her,

he only wanted to discover her.

And through her clothing,

what absolute beauty he touched.

"Take your hat off,"

he said.



she shook off her hat and gave herself to his arms again.

He liked her --he liked the feel of her --he wanted to know her more closely.

He let his fingers subtly seek out her cheek and neck.

What amazing beauty and pleasure,

in the dark!

His fingers had often touched Anna on the face and neck like that.

What matter!

It was one man who touched Anna,

another who now touched this girl.

He liked best his new self.

He was given over altogether to the sensuous knowledge of this woman,

and every moment he seemed to be touching absolute beauty,

something beyond knowledge.

Very close,

marvelling and exceedingly joyful in their discoveries,

his hands pressed upon her,

so subtly,

so seekingly,

so finely and desirously searching her out,

that she too was almost swooning in the absolute of sensual knowledge.

In utter sensual delight she clenched her knees,

her thighs,

her loins together!

It was an added beauty to him.

But he was patiently working for her relaxation,


his whole being fixed in the smile of latent gratification,

his whole body electric with a subtle,


reducing force upon her.

So he came at length to kiss her,

and she was almost betrayed by his insidious kiss.

Her open mouth was too helpless and unguarded.

He knew this,

and his first kiss was very gentle,

and soft,

and assuring,

so assuring.

So that her soft,

defenseless mouth became assured,

even bold,

seeking upon his mouth.

And he answered her gradually,


his soft kiss sinking in softly,


but ever more heavily,

more heavily yet,

till it was too heavy for her to meet,

and she began to sink under it.

She was sinking,


his smile of latent gratification was becoming more tense,

he was sure of her.

He let the whole force of his will sink upon her to sweep her away.

But it was too great a shock for her.

With a sudden horrible movement she ruptured the state that contained them both.

"Don't --don't!"

It was a rather horrible cry that seemed to come out of her,

not to belong to her.

It was some strange agony of terror crying out the words.

There was something vibrating and beside herself in the noise.

His nerves ripped like silk.

"What's the matter?"

he said,

as if calmly.

"What's the matter?"

She came back to him,

but trembling,

reservedly this time.

Her cry had given him gratification.

But he knew he had been too sudden for her.

He was now careful.

For a while he merely sheltered her.

Also there had broken a flaw into his perfect will.

He wanted to persist,

to begin again,

to lead up to the point where he had let himself go on her,

and then manage more carefully,


So far she had won.

And the battle was not over yet.

But another voice woke in him and prompted him to let her go --let her go in contempt.

He sheltered her,

and soothed her,

and caressed her,

and kissed her,

and again began to come nearer,


He gathered himself together.

Even if he did not take her,

he would make her relax,

he would fuse away her resistance.

So softly,


with infinite caressiveness he kissed her,

and the whole of his being seemed to fondle her.


at the verge,

swooning at the breaking point,

there came from her a beaten,


moaning cry:

"Don't --oh,


His veins fused with extreme voluptuousness.

For a moment he almost lost control of himself,

and continued automatically.

But there was a moment of inaction,

of cold suspension.

He was not going to take her.

He drew her to him and soothed her,

and caressed her.

But the pure zest had gone.

She struggled to herself and realized he was not going to take her.

And then,

at the very last moment,

when his fondling had come near again,

his hot living desire despising her,

against his cold sensual desire,

she broke violently away from him.


she cried,

harsh now with hatred,

and she flung her hand across and hit him violently.

"Keep off of me."

His blood stood still for a moment.

Then the smile came again within him,




what's the matter?"

he said,

with suave irony.

"Nobody's going to hurt you."

"I know what you want,"

she said.

"I know what I want,"

he said.

"What's the odds?"


you're not going to have it off me."

"Aren't I?


then I'm not.

It's no use crying about it,

is it?"


it isn't,"

said the girl,

rather disconcerted by his irony.

"But there's no need to have a row about it.

We can kiss good night just the same,

can't we?"

She was silent in the darkness.

"Or do you want your hat and umbrella to go home this minute?"

Still she was silent.

He watched her dark figure as she stood there on the edge of the faint darkness,

and he waited.

"Come and say good night nicely,

if we're going to say it,"

he said.

Still she did not stir.

He put his hand out and drew her into the darkness again.

"It's warmer in here,"

he said;

"a lot cosier."

His will had not yet relaxed from her.

The moment of hatred exhilarated him.

"I'm going now,"

she muttered,

as he closed his hand over her.

"See how well you fit your place,"

he said,

as he drew her to her previous position,

close upon him.

"What do you want to leave it for?"

And gradually the intoxication invaded him again,

the zest came back.

After all,

why should he not take her?

But she did not yield to him entirely.

"Are you a married man?"

she asked at length.

"What if I am?"

he said.

She did not answer.

"I don't ask you whether you're married or not,"

he said.

"You know jolly well I'm not,"

she answered hotly.


if she could only break away from him,

if only she need not yield to him.

At length her will became cold against him.

She had escaped.

But she hated him for her escape more than for her danger.

Did he despise her so coldly?

And she was in torture of adherence to him still.

"Shall I see you next week --next Saturday?"

he said,

as they returned to the town.

She did not answer.

"Come to the Empire with me --you and Gertie,"

he said.

"I should look well,

going with a married man,"

she said.

"I'm no less of a man for being married,

am I?"

he said.


it's a different matter altogether with a married man,"

she said,

in a ready-made speech that showed her chagrin.

"How's that?"

he asked.

But she would not enlighten him.

Yet she promised,

without promising,

to be at the meeting-place next Saturday evening.

So he left her.

He did not know her name.

He caught a train and went home.

It was the last train,

he was very late.

He was not home till midnight.

But he was quite indifferent.

He had no real relation with his home,

not this man which he now was.

Anna was sitting up for him.

She saw the queer,

absolved look on his face,

a sort of latent,

almost sinister smile,

as if he were absolved from his "good" ties.

"Where have you been?"

she asked,



"To the Empire."

"Who with?"

"By myself.

I came home with Tom Cooper."

She looked at him,

and wondered what he had been doing She was indifferent as to whether he lied or not.

"You have come home very strange,"

she said.

And there was an appreciative inflexion in the speech.

He was not affected.

As for his humble,

good self,

he was absolved from it.

He sat down and ate heartily.

He was not tired.

He seemed to take no notice of her.

For Anna the moment was critical.

She kept herself aloof,

and watched him.

He talked to her,

but with a little indifference,

since he was scarcely aware of her.


then she did not affect him.

Here was a new turn of affairs!

He was rather attractive,


She liked him better than the ordinary mute,


half-subdued man she usually knew him to be.


he was blossoming out into his real self!

It piqued her.

Very good,

let him blossom!

She liked a new turn of affairs.

He was a strange man come home to her.

Glancing at him,

she saw she could not reduce him to what he had been before.

In an instant she gave it up.

Yet not without a pang of rage,

which would insist on their old,

beloved love,

their old,

accustomed intimacy and her old,

established supremacy.

She almost rose up to fight for them.

And looking at him,

and remembering his father,

she was wary.

This was the new turn of affairs!

Very good,

if she could not influence him in the old way,

she would be level with him in the new.

Her old defiant hostility came up.

Very good,

she too was out on her own adventure.

Her voice,

her manner changed,

she was ready for the game.

Something was liberated in her.

She liked him.

She liked this strange man come home to her.

He was very welcome,


She was very glad to welcome a stranger.

She had been bored by the old husband.

To his latent,

cruel smile she replied with brilliant challenge.

He expected her to keep the moral fortress.

Not she!

It was much too dull a part.

She challenged him back with a sort of radiance,

very bright and free,

opposite to him.

He looked at her,

and his eyes glinted.

She too was out in the field.

His senses pricked up and keenly attended to her.

She laughed,

perfectly indifferent and loose as he was.

He came towards her.

She neither rejected him nor responded to him.

In a kind of radiance,

superb in her inscrutability,

she laughed before him.

She too could throw everything overboard,




What were her four children to her now?

What did it matter that this man was the father of her four children?

He was the sensual male seeking his pleasure,

she was the female ready to take hers: but in her own way.

A man could turn into a free lance: so then could a woman.

She adhered as little as he to the moral world.

All that had gone before was nothing to her.

She was another woman,

under the instance of a strange man.

He was a stranger to her,

seeking his own ends.

Very good.

She wanted to see what this stranger would do now,

what he was.

She laughed,

and kept him at arm's length,

whilst apparently ignoring him.

She watched him undress as if he were a stranger.

Indeed he was a stranger to her.

And she roused him profoundly,


even before he touched her.

The little creature in Nottingham had but been leading up to this.

They abandoned in one motion the moral position,

each was seeking gratification pure and simple.

Strange his wife was to him.

It was as if he were a perfect stranger,

as if she were infinitely and essentially strange to him,

the other half of the world,

the dark half of the moon.

She waited for his touch as if he were a marauder who had come in,

infinitely unknown and desirable to her.

And he began to discover her.

He had an inkling of the vastness of the unknown sensual store of delights she was.

With a passion of voluptuousness that made him dwell on each tiny beauty,

in a kind of frenzy of enjoyment,

he lit upon her: her beauty,

the beauties,

the separate,

several beauties of her body.

He was quite ousted from himself,

and sensually transported by that which he discovered in her.

He was another man revelling over her.

There was no tenderness,

no love between them any more,

only the maddening,

sensuous lust for discovery and the insatiable,

exorbitant gratification in the sensual beauties of her body.

And she was a store,

a store of absolute beauties that it drove him to contemplate.

There was such a feast to enjoy,

and he with only one man's capacity.

He lived in a passion of sensual discovery with her for some time --it was a duel: no love,

no words,

no kisses even,

only the maddening perception of beauty consummate,

absolute through touch.

He wanted to touch her,

to discover her,

maddeningly he wanted to know her.

Yet he must not hurry,

or he missed everything.

He must enjoy one beauty at a time.

And the multitudinous beauties of her body,

the many little rapturous places,

sent him mad with delight,

and with desire to be able to know more,

to have strength to know more.

For all was there.

He would say during the daytime:

"To-night I shall know the little hollow under her ankle,

where the blue vein crosses."

And the thought of it,

and the desire for it,

made a thick darkness of anticipation.

He would go all the day waiting for the night to come,

when he could give himself to the enjoyment of some luxurious absolute of beauty in her.

The thought of the hidden resources of her,

the undiscovered beauties and ecstatic places of delight in her body,


only waiting for him to discover them,

sent him slightly insane.

He was obsessed.

If he did not discover and make known to himself these delights,

they might be lost for ever.

He wished he had a hundred men's energies,

with which to enjoy her.

[He wished he were a cat,

to lick her with a rough,


lascivious tongue.

He wanted to wallow in her,

bury himself in her flesh,

cover himself over with her flesh.]

And she,


with a strange,


glistening look in her eyes received all his activities upon her as if they were expected by her,

and provoked him when he was quiet to more,

till sometimes he was ready to perish for sheer inability to be satisfied of her,

inability to have had enough of her.

Their children became mere offspring to them,

they lived in the darkness and death of their own sensual activities.

Sometimes he felt he was going mad with a sense of Absolute Beauty,

perceived by him in her through his senses.

It was something too much for him.

And in everything,

was this same,

almost sinister,

terrifying beauty.

But in the revelations of her body through contact with his body,

was the ultimate beauty,

to know which was almost death in itself,

and yet for the knowledge of which he would have undergone endless torture.

He would have forfeited anything,


rather than forego his right even to the instep of her foot,

and the place from which the toes radiated out,

the little,

miraculous white plain from which ran the little hillocks of the toes,

and the folded,

dimpling hollows between the toes.

He felt he would have died rather than forfeit this.

This was what their love had become,

a sensuality violent and extreme as death.

They had no conscious intimacy,

no tenderness of love.

It was all the lust and the infinite,

maddening intoxication of the sense,

a passion of death.

He had always,

all his life,

had a secret dread of Absolute Beauty.

It had always been like a fetish to him,

something to fear,


For it was immoral and against mankind.

So he had turned to the Gothic form,

which always asserted the broken desire of mankind in its pointed arches,

escaping the rolling,

absolute beauty of the round arch.

But now he had given way,

and with infinite sensual violence gave himself to the realization of this supreme,


Absolute Beauty,

in the body of woman.

It seemed to him,

that it came to being in the body of woman,

under his touch.

Under his touch,

even under his sight,

it was there.

But when he neither saw nor touched the perfect place,

it was not perfect,

it was not there.

And he must make it exist.

But still the thing terrified him.

Awful and threatening it was,

dangerous to a degree,

even whilst he gave himself to it.

It was pure darkness,


All the shameful things of the body revealed themselves to him now with a sort of sinister,

tropical beauty.

All the shameful,

natural and unnatural acts of sensual voluptuousness which he and the woman partook of together,

created together,

they had their heavy beauty and their delight.


what was it?

It was part of extreme delight.

It was that part of delight of which man is usually afraid.

Why afraid?

The secret,

shameful things are most terribly beautiful.

They accepted shame,

and were one with it in their most unlicensed pleasures.

It was incorporated.

It was a bud that blossomed into beauty and heavy,

fundamental gratification.

Their outward life went on much the same,

but the inward life was revolutionized.

The children became less important,

the parents were absorbed in their own living.

And gradually,

Brangwen began to find himself free to attend to the outside life as well.

His intimate life was so violently active,

that it set another man in him free.

And this new man turned with interest to public life,

to see what part he could take in it.

This would give him scope for new activity,

activity of a kind for which he was now created and released.

He wanted to be unanimous with the whole of purposive mankind.

At this time Education was in the forefront as a subject of interest.

There was the talk of new Swedish methods,

of handwork instruction,

and so on.

Brangwen embraced sincerely the idea of handwork in schools.

For the first time,

he began to take real interest in a public affair.

He had at length,

from his profound sensual activity,

developed a real purposive self.

There was talk of night-schools,

and of handicraft classes.

He wanted to start a woodwork class in Cossethay,

to teach carpentry and joinery and wood-carving to the village boys,

two nights a week.

This seemed to him a supremely desirable thing to be doing.

His pay would be very little --and when he had it,

he spent it all on extra wood and tools.

But he was very happy and keen in his new public spirit.

He started his night-classes in woodwork when he was thirty years old.

By this time he had five children,

the last a boy.

But boy or girl mattered very little to him.

He had a natural blood-affection for his children,

and he liked them as they turned up: boys or girls.

Only he was fondest of Ursula.


she seemed to be at the back of his new night-school venture.

The house by the yew trees was in connection with the great human endeavour at last.

It gained a new vigour thereby.

To Ursula,

a child of eight,

the increase in magic was considerable.

She heard all the talk,

she saw the parish room fitted up as a workshop.

The parish room was a high,



ecclesiastical building standing away by itself in the Brangwens' second garden,

across the lane.

She was always attracted by its age and its stranded obsoleteness.

Now she watched preparations made,

she sat on the flight of stone steps that came down from the porch to the garden,

and heard her father and the vicar talking and planning and working.

Then an inspector came,

a very strange man,

and stayed talking with her father all one evening.

Everything was settled,

and twelve boys enrolled their names.

It was very exciting.

But to Ursula,

everything her father did was magic.

Whether he came from Ilkeston with news of the town,

whether he went across to the church with his music or his tools on a sunny evening,

whether he sat in his white surplice at the organ on Sundays,

leading the singing with his strong tenor voice,

or whether he were in the workshop with the boys,

he was always a centre of magic and fascination to her,

his voice,

sounding out in command,



had always a twang in it that sent a thrill over her blood,

and hypnotized her.

She seemed to run in the shadow of some dark,

potent secret of which she would not,

of whose existence even she dared not become conscious,

it cast such a spell over her,

and so darkened her mind.