THE MEDEA OF EURIPIDES
TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH RHYMING VERSE WITH EXPLANATORY NOTES BY
SOMETIME PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW;
FELLOW OF NEW COLLEGE,
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS AMERICAN BRANCH NEW YORK: 35 WEST 32ND STREET 1912
by OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS AMERICAN BRANCH
in spite of its background of wonder and enchantment,
is not a romantic play but a tragedy of character and situation.
so to speak,
not with the romance itself,
but with the end of the romance,
a thing which is so terribly often the reverse of romantic.
For all but the very highest of romances are apt to have just one flaw somewhere,
and in the story of Jason and Medea the flaw was of a fatal kind.
The wildness and beauty of the Argo legend run through all Greek literature,
from the mass of Corinthian lays older than our present Iliad,
which later writers vaguely associate with the name of Eumêlus,
to the Fourth Pythian Ode of Pindar and the beautiful Argonautica of Apollonius Rhodius.
Our poet knows the wildness and the beauty;
but it is not these qualities that he specially seeks.
He takes them almost for granted,
and pierces through them to the sheer tragedy that lies below.
son of Aeson,
King of Iôlcos,
began his life in exile.
His uncle Pelias had seized his father's kingdom,
and Jason was borne away to the mountains by night and given,
wrapped in a purple robe,
When he reached manhood he came down to Iôlcos to demand,
as Pindar tells us,
his ancestral honour,
and stood in the market-place,
a world-famous figure,
with his pard-skin,
his two spears and his long hair,
gentle and wild and fearless,
as the Wise Beast had reared him.
cowed but loath to yield,
promised to give up the kingdom if Jason would make his way to the unknown land of Colchis and perform a double quest.
if I read Pindar aright,
he must fetch back the soul of his kinsman Phrixus,
who had died there far from home;
find the fleece of the Golden Ram which Phrixus had sacrificed.
Jason undertook the quest: gathered the most daring heroes from all parts of Hellas;
built the first ship,
and set to sea.
After all manner of desperate adventures he reached the land of Aiêtês,
king of the Colchians,
and there hope failed him.
by sheer courage he did all that man could do.
But Aiêtês was both hostile and treacherous.
The Argonauts were surrounded,
and their destruction seemed only a question of days when,
and by the mercy of Heaven,
an enchantress as well as a princess,
fell in love with Jason.
She helped him through all his trials;
slew for him her own sleepless serpent,
who guarded the fleece;
deceived her father,
and secured both the fleece and the soul of Phrixus.
At the last moment it appeared that her brother,
was about to lay an ambush for Jason.
She invited Absyrtus to her room,
stabbed him dead,
and fled with Jason over the seas.
She had given up all,
and expected in return a perfect love.
And what of Jason?
He could not possibly avoid taking Medea with him.
He probably rather loved her.
She formed at the least a brilliant addition to the glory of his enterprise.
Not many heroes could produce a barbarian princess ready to leave all and follow them in blind trust.
For of course,
as every one knew without the telling in fifth-century Athens,
no legal marriage was possible between a Greek and a barbarian from Colchis.
All through the voyage home,
a world-wide baffled voyage by the Ister and the Eridanus and the African Syrtes,
Medea was still in her element,
and proved a constant help and counsellor to the Argonauts.
When they reached Jason's home,
where Pelias was still king,
things began to be different.
An ordered and law-abiding Greek state was scarcely the place for the untamed Colchian.
We only know the catastrophe.
She saw with smothered rage how Pelias hated Jason and was bent on keeping the kingdom from him,
and she determined to do her lover another act of splendid service.
Making the most of her fame as an enchantress,
she persuaded Pelias that he could,
by a certain process,
regain his youth.
He eagerly caught at the hope.
His daughters tried the process upon him,
and Pelias died in agony.
Surely Jason would be grateful now!
The real result was what it was sure to be in a civilised country.
Medea and her lover had to fly for their lives,
and Jason was debarred for ever from succeeding to the throne of Iôlcos.
Probably there was another result also in Jason's mind: the conclusion that at all costs he must somehow separate himself from this wild beast of a woman who was ruining his life.
He directed their flight to Corinth,
governed at the time by a ruler of some sort,
whether "tyrant" or king,
who was growing old and had an only daughter.
Creon would naturally want a son-in-law to support and succeed him.
And where in all Greece could he find one stronger or more famous than the chief of the Argonauts?
If only Medea were not there!
No doubt Jason owed her a great debt for her various services.
he was not married to her.
And a man must not be weak in such matters as these.
Jason accepted the princess's hand,
and when Medea became violent,
found it difficult to be really angry with Creon for instantly condemning her to exile.
At this point the tragedy begins.
The _Medea_ is one of the earliest of Euripides' works now preserved to us.
And those of us who have in our time glowed at all with the religion of realism,
will probably feel in it many of the qualities of youth.
the more normal,
the youth of _Romeo and Juliet_;
but another kind --crude,
passionate --the youth of the poet who is also a sceptic and a devotee of truth,
who so hates the conventionally and falsely beautiful that he is apt to be unduly ascetic towards beauty itself.
When a writer really deficient in poetry walks in this path,
the result is purely disagreeable.
It produces its best results when the writer,
like Euripides or Tolstoy,
is so possessed by an inward flame of poetry that it breaks out at the great moments and consumes the cramping theory that would hold it in.
One can feel in the _Medea_ that the natural and inevitable romance of the story is kept rigidly down.
One word about Medea's ancient serpent,
two or three references to the Clashing Rocks,
one startling flash of light upon the real love of Jason's life,
love for the ship Argo,
these are almost all the concessions made to us by the merciless delineator of disaster into whose hands we are fallen.
Jason is a middle-aged man,
with much glory,
and some illusions;
but a man entirely set upon building up a great career,
to whom love and all its works,
though at times he has found them convenient,
are for the most part only irrational and disturbing elements in a world which he can otherwise mould to his will.
most cruel touch of all,
one feels this man to be the real Jason.
It is not that he has fallen from his heroic past.
It is that he was really like this always.
And so with Medea.
It is not only that her beauty has begun to fade;
not only that she is set in surroundings which vaguely belittle and weaken her,
making her no more a bountiful princess,
but only an ambiguous and much criticised foreigner.
Her very devotion of love for Jason,
now turned to hatred,
shows itself to have been always of that somewhat rank and ugly sort to which such a change is natural.
For concentrated dramatic quality and sheer intensity of passion few plays ever written can vie with the _Medea_.
Yet it obtained only a third prize at its first production;
in spite of its immense fame,
there are not many scholars who would put it among their favourite tragedies.
The comparative failure of the first production was perhaps due chiefly to the extreme originality of the play.
The Athenians in 432 B.C. had not yet learnt to understand or tolerate such work as this,
though it is likely enough that they fortified their unfavourable opinion by the sort of criticisms which we still find attributed to Aristotle and Dicæarchus.
At the present time it is certainly not the newness of the subject: I do not think it is Aegeus,
nor yet the dragon chariot,
much less Medea's involuntary burst of tears in the second scene with Jason,
that really produces the feeling of dissatisfaction with which many people must rise from this great play.
It is rather the general scheme on which the drama is built.
It is a scheme which occurs again and again in Euripides,
a study of oppression and revenge.
Such a subject in the hands of a more ordinary writer would probably take the form of a triumph of oppressed virtue.
But Euripides gives us nothing so sympathetic,
nothing so cheap and unreal.
If oppression usually made people virtuous,
the problems of the world would be very different from what they are.
Euripides seems at times to hate the revenge of the oppressed almost as much as the original cruelty of the oppressor;
to put the same fact in a different light,
he seems deliberately to dwell upon the twofold evil of cruelty,
that it not only causes pain to the victim,
but actually by means of the pain makes him a worse man,
so that when his turn of triumph comes,
it is no longer a triumph of justice or a thing to make men rejoice.
This is a grim lesson;
taught often enough by history,
though seldom by the fables of the poets.
Seventeen years later than the _Medea_ Euripides expressed this sentiment in a more positive way in the _Trojan Women_,
where a depth of wrong borne without revenge becomes,
or seems for the moment to become,
a thing beautiful and glorious.
But more plays are constructed like the _Medea_.
The _Hecuba_ begins with a noble and injured Queen,
and ends with her hideous vengeance on her enemy and his innocent sons.
In the _Orestes_ all our hearts go out to the suffering and deserted prince,
till we find at last that we have committed ourselves to the blood-thirst of a madman.
In the _Electra_,
the workers of the vengeance themselves repent.
The dramatic effect of this kind of tragedy is curious.
No one can call it undramatic or tame.
Yet it is painfully unsatisfying.
At the close of the _Medea_ I actually find myself longing for a _deus ex machinâ_,
for some being like Artemis in the _Hippolytus_ or the good Dioscuri of the _Electra_,
to speak a word of explanation or forgiveness,
or at least leave some sound of music in our ears to drown that dreadful and insistent clamour of hate.
The truth is that in this play Medea herself is the _dea ex machinâ_.
The woman whom Jason and Creon intended simply to crush has been transformed by her injuries from an individual human being into a sort of living Curse.
She is inspired with superhuman force.
Her wrongs and her hate fill all the sky.
And the judgment pronounced on Jason comes not from any disinterested or peace-making God,
but from his own victim transfigured into a devil.
From any such judgment there is an instant appeal to sane human sympathy.
Jason has suffered more than enough.
But that also is the way of the world.
And the last word upon these tragic things is most often something not to be expressed by the sentences of even the wisest articulate judge,
but only by the unspoken _lacrimæ rerum_.
CHARACTERS OF THE PLAY
_daughter of Aiêtês,
King of Colchis_.
_chief of the Argonauts;
nephew of Pelias,
King of Iôlcos in Thessaly_.
_ruler of Corinth_.
_King of Athens_.
NURSE _of Medea_.
TWO CHILDREN _of Jason and Medea_.
ATTENDANT _on the children_.
CHORUS of Corinthian Women,
with their LEADER.
Soldiers and Attendants.
_The scene is laid in Corinth.
The play was first acted when Pythodôrus was Archon,
_Euphorion was first,
and the Harvesters,
_The Scene represents the front of_ MEDEA'S _House in Corinth.
A road to the right leads towards the royal castle,
one on the left to the harbour.
The_ NURSE _is discovered alone_.
Would God no Argo e'er had winged the seas To Colchis through the blue Symplêgades: No shaft of riven pine in Pêlion's glen Shaped that first oar-blade in the hands of men Valiant,
to save King Pelias' vow,
The fleece All-golden!
Mine own princess,
her spirit wounded sore With love of Jason,
to the encastled shore Had sailed of old Iôlcos: never wrought The daughters of King Pelias,
To spill their father's life: nor fled in fear,
Hunted for that fierce sin,
to Corinth here With Jason and her babes.
This folk at need Stood friend to her,
and she in word and deed Served alway Jason.
Surely this doth bind,
Through all ill days,
the hurts of humankind,
When man and woman in one music move.
the world is angry,
and true love Sick as with poison.
Jason doth forsake My mistress and his own two sons,
to make His couch in a king's chamber.
He must wed: Wed with this Creon's child,
who now is head And chief of Corinth.
Wherefore sore betrayed Medea calleth up the oath they made,
and wakes the claspèd hands again,
The troth surpassing speech,
and cries amain On God in heaven to mark the end,
and how Jason hath paid his debt.
All fasting now And cold,
her body yielded up to pain,
Her days a waste of weeping,
she hath lain,
Since first she knew that he was false.
Her eyes Are lifted not;
and all her visage lies In the dust.
If friends will speak,
she hears no more Than some dead rock or wave that beats the shore: Only the white throat in a sudden shame May writhe,
and all alone she moans the name Of father,
forsook that day For this man's sake,
who casteth her away.
Not to be quite shut out from home ...alas,
She knoweth now how rare a thing that was!
Methinks she hath a dread,
to see Her children near.
'Tis this that maketh me Most tremble,
lest she do I know not what.
Her heart is no light thing,
and useth not To brook much wrong.
I know that woman,
And dread her!
Will she creep alone to die Bleeding in that old room,
where still is laid Lord Jason's bed?
She hath for that a blade Made keen.
Or slay the bridegroom and the king,
And win herself God knows what direr thing?
'Tis a fell spirit.
shall stir Her hate unscathed,
or lightly humble her.
'Tis the children from their games again,
Rested and gay;
and all their mother's pain Forgotten!
Young lives ever turn from gloom!
[_The_ CHILDREN _and their_ ATTENDANT _come in_.
Thou ancient treasure of my lady's room,
What mak'st thou here before the gates alone,
And alway turning on thy lips some moan Of old mischances?
Will our mistress be Content,
this long time to be left by thee?
Grey guard of Jason's children,
a good thrall Hath his own grief,
if any hurt befall His masters.
it holds one's heart!
...Meseems I have strayed out so deep in evil dreams,
I longed to rest me here alone,
and cry Medea's wrongs to this still Earth and Sky.
Are the tears yet running in her eyes?
'Twere good to be like thee!
...Her sorrow lies Scarce wakened yet,
not half its perils wrought.
...if a man may speak his thought Of masters mad.
--And nothing in her ears Hath sounded yet of her last cause for tears!
[_He moves towards the house,
but the_ NURSE _checks him_.
grudge me not one word.
Best forget what thou hast heard.
by thy beard!
Hold it not hid From me.
...I will keep silence if thou bid.
I heard an old man talking,
where he sate At draughts in the sun,
beside the fountain gate,
And never thought of me,
there standing still Beside him.
And he said,
'Twas Creon's will,
Being lord of all this land,
that she be sent,
And with her her two sons,
'tis all false.
I know No further,
and I would it were not so.
Jason will never bear it --his own sons Banished,
--however hot his anger runs Against their mother!
Old love burneth low When new love wakes,
He is not now Husband nor father here,
nor any kin.
But this is ruin!
New waves breaking in To wreck us,
ere we are righted from the old!
hold thy peace.
Our mistress will be told All in good time.
Speak thou no word hereof.
What think ye of your father's love?
God curse him not,
he is my master still: But,
to them that loved him,
'tis an ill Friend.
And what man on earth is different?
Hast thou lived all these years,
and learned but now That every man more loveth his own head Than other men's?
He dreameth of the bed Of this new bride,
and thinks not of his sons.
Go: run into the house,
my little ones: All will end happily!
...Keep them apart: Let not their mother meet them while her heart Is darkened.
Yester night I saw a flame Stand in her eye,
as though she hated them,
And would I know not what.
For sure her wrath Will never turn nor slumber,
till she hath ...Go: and if some must suffer,
may it be Not we who love her,
but some enemy!
Oh shame and pain: O woe is me!
Would I could die in my misery!
[_The_ CHILDREN _and the_ ATTENDANT _go in_.
She moves again Her frozen heart,
her sleeping wrath.
And never cross her path,
Nor rouse that dark eye in its pain;
That fell sea-spirit,
and the dire Spring of a will untaught,
--Methinks this weeping cloud Hath in its heart some thunder-fire,
that must flash ere long.
I know not how,
for ill or well,
this uncontrollable Tempestuous spirit,
blind with wrong.
Have I not suffered?
Doth it call No tears?
ye beside the wall Unfathered children,
God hate you As I am hated,
That gat you,
and this house and all!
What have they to do,
with their father's sin?
Why call Thy curse on these?
all These days my bosom bleeds for you.
Rude are the wills of princes: yea,
On fitful winds their moods are tossed:
'Tis best men tread the equal way.
not with glory but with peace May the long summers find me crowned: For gentleness --her very sound Is magic,
and her usages.
All wholesome: but the fiercely great Hath little music on his road,
when the hand of God Shall move,
most deep and desolate.
[_During the last words the_ LEADER _of the Chorus has entered.
Other women follow her._
I heard a voice and a moan,
A voice of the eastern seas: Hath she found not yet her ease?
O agèd one.
For I stood afar at the gate,
And there came from within a cry,
And wailing desolate.
no more joy have I,
For the griefs this house doth see,
And the love it hath wrought in me.
There is no house!
The lord Seeketh a prouder bed: and she Wastes in her chamber,
not one word Will hear of care or charity.
Will the fire not stab my brain?
What profiteth living?
Shall I not lift the slow Yoke,
and let Life go,
As a beast out in the night,
and be rid of pain?
A. "O Zeus,
O Light:" The cry of a bride forlorn Heard ye,
and wailing born Of lost delight?
B. Why weariest thou this day,
for the bed abhorrèd,
The cold bed in the clay?
Death cometh though no man pray,
Call him not thou.
C. If another's arms be now Where thine have been,
On his head be the sin: Rend not thy brow!
D. All that thou sufferest,
God seeth: Oh,
not so sore Waste nor weep for the breast That was thine of yore.
Virgin of Righteousness,
Virgin of hallowed Troth,
Ye marked me when with an oath I bound him;
mark no less That oath's end.
Give me to see Him and his bride,
who sought My grief when I wronged her not,
Broken in misery,
And all her house.
My mother's home,
and the dim Shore that I left for him,
And the voice of my brother's blood.
Did ye hear her cry To them that guard man's faith forsworn,
Themis and Zeus?
...This wrath new-born Shall make mad workings ere it die.
A. Would she but come to seek Our faces,
that love her well,
And take to her heart the spell Of words that speak?
B. Alas for the heavy hate And anger that burneth ever!
Would it but now abate,
I love her yet.
And surely my love's endeavour Shall fail not here.
C. Go: from that chamber drear Forth to the day Lead her,
say That we love her dear.
lest her hand be hard On the innocent: Ah,
For her grief moves hitherward,
Like an angry sea.
That will I: though what words of mine Or love shall move her?
Let them lie With the old lost labours!
...Yet her eye -- Know ye the eyes of the wild kine,
The lion flash that guards their brood?
So looks she now if any thrall Speak comfort,
or draw near at all My mistress in her evil mood.
[_The_ NURSE _goes into the house_.
the bold blithe bards of old That all for joy their music made,
For feasts and dancing manifold,
That Life might listen and be glad.
But all the darkness and the wrong,
Quick deaths and dim heart-aching things,
Would no man ease them with a song Or music of a thousand strings?
Then song had served us in our need.
o'er the banquet's swell That lingering cry that none may heed?
The feast hath filled them: all is well!
I heard a song,
but it comes no more.
Where the tears ran over: A keen cry but tired,
tired: A woman's cry for her heart's desired,
For a traitor's kiss and a lost lover.
But a prayer,
yet riseth sore To God,
God's ancient daughter -- The Faith that over sundering seas Drew her to Hellas,
and the breeze Of midnight shivered,
and the door Closed of the salt unsounded water.
[_During the last words_ MEDEA _has come out from the house_.
Women of Corinth,
I am come to show My face,
lest ye despise me.
For I know Some heads stand high and fail not,
even at night Alone --far less like this,
in all men's sight: And we,
who study not our wayfarings But feel and cry --Oh we are drifting things,
For what truth is in men's eyes,
Which search no heart,
but in a flash despise A strange face,
shuddering back from one that ne'er Hath wronged them?
must bow them and be gentle.
A Greek himself men praise not,
who alway Should seek his own will recking not.
...But I -- This thing undreamed of,
sudden from on high,
Hath sapped my soul: I dazzle where I stand,
The cup of all life shattered in my hand,
Longing to die --O friends!
Whom to know well was all the world to me,
The man I loved,
hath proved most evil.
Of all things upon earth that bleed and grow,
A herb most bruised is woman.
We must pay Our store of gold,
hoarded for that one day,
To buy us some man's love;
they bring A master of our flesh!
There comes the sting Of the whole shame.
And then the jeopardy,
For good or ill,
what shall that master be;
Reject she cannot: and if he but stays His suit,
'tis shame on all that woman's days.
So thrown amid new laws,
'Tis magic she must have,
or prophecy -- Home never taught her that --how best to guide Toward peace this thing that sleepeth at her side.
And she who,
shall find some way Whereby her lord may bear with her,
nor fray His yoke too fiercely,
blessed is the breath That woman draws!
let her pray for death.
if he be wearied of the face Withindoors,
gets him forth;
some merrier place Will ease his heart: but she waits on,
her whole Vision enchainèd on a single soul.
'tis they that face the call Of war,
while we sit sheltered,
hid from all Peril!
Sooner would I stand Three times to face their battles,
shield in hand,
Than bear one child.
There cannot be Ever the same tale told of thee and me.
Thou hast this city,
and thy father's home,
And joy of friends,
and hope in days to come: But I,
am cast aside By him that wedded me,
a savage bride Won in far seas and left --no mother near,
not one kinsman anywhere For harbour in this storm.
Therefore of thee I ask one thing.
If chance yet ope to me Some path,
if even now my hand can win Strength to requite this Jason for his sin,
Betray me not!
in all things but this,
I know how full of fears a woman is,
And faint at need,
and shrinking from the light Of battle: but once spoil her of her right In man's love,
and there moves,
I warn thee well,
No bloodier spirit between heaven and hell.
I will betray thee not.
It is but just,
Thou smite him.
--And that weeping in the dust And stormy tears,
how should I blame them?
lord of Corinth,
makes his way Hither,
some word of weight.
_Enter from the right_ CREON,
with armed Attendants_.
Thou woman sullen-eyed and hot with hate Against thy lord,
I here command That thou and thy two children from this land Go forth to banishment.
Make no delay: Seeing ourselves,
are come this day To see our charge fulfilled;
nor shall again Look homeward ere we have led thy children twain And thee beyond our realm's last boundary.
Mine haters at the helm with sail flung free Pursuing;
and for us no beach nor shore In the endless waters!
though stricken sore,
I still will ask thee,
for what crime,
what thing Unlawful,
wilt thou cast me out,
I fear thee,
woman --little need To cloak my reasons --lest thou work some deed Of darkness on my child.
And in that fear Reasons enough have part.
Thou comest here A wise-woman confessed,
and full of lore In unknown ways of evil.
Thou art sore In heart,
being parted from thy lover's arms.
thou hast made menace ...so the alarms But now have reached mine ear ...on bride and groom,
And him who gave the bride,
to work thy doom Of vengeance.
ere yet it be too late,
I sweep aside.
I choose to earn thine hate Of set will now,
not palter with the mood Of mercy,
and hereafter weep in blood.
'Tis not the first nor second time,
That fame hath hurt me,
and come nigh to bring My ruin.
...How can any man,
whose eyes Are wholesome,
seek to rear his children wise Beyond men's wont?
Much helplessness in arts Of common life,
and in their townsmen's hearts Envy deep-set ...so much their learning brings!
Come unto fools with knowledge of new things,
They deem it vanity,
And men that erst for wisdom were held high,
Feel thee a thorn to fret them,
privily Held higher than they.
So hath it been with me.
A wise-woman I am;
and for that sin To divers ill names men would pen me in;
A seed of strife;
an eastern dreamer;
one Of brand not theirs;
one hard to play upon ...Ah,
I am not so wondrous wise!
I am terrible!
What fearest thou?
What dire deed?
Do I tread so proud a path -- Fear me not thou!
--that I should brave the wrath Of princes?
Thou: what has thou ever done To wrong me?
Granted thine own child to one Whom thy soul chose.
_him_ out of my heart I hate;
hast done thy part Not ill.
And for thine houses' happiness I hold no grudge.
and God bless Your issues.
Only suffer me to rest Somewhere within this land.
Though sore oppressed,
I will be still,
knowing mine own defeat.
Thy words be gentle: but I fear me yet Lest even now there creep some wickedness Deep hid within thee.
And for that the less I trust thee now than ere these words began.
A woman quick of wrath,
or a man,
Is easier watching than the cold and still.
and find thy road!
Mock not my will With words.
This doom is passed beyond recall;
Nor all thy crafts shall help thee,
being withal My manifest foe,
to linger at my side.
(_suddenly throwing herself down and clinging to_ CREON).
by thy knees!
By that new-wedded bride ...
'Tis waste of words.
Thou shalt not weaken me.
Wilt hunt me?
Spurn me when I kneel to thee?
'Tis mine own house that kneels to me,
my lost home,
how I desire thee now!
And I mine,
and my child,
beyond all things.
O Loves of man,
what curse is on your wings!
Blessing or curse,
'tis as their chances flow.
the cause of all this woe!
rid me of my pains!
get thee gone!
What would I with thy pains?
I have mine own.
my soldiers here shall fling ...
...I do but pray,
O King ...
Thou wilt not?
I must face the harsher task?
I accept mine exile.
'Tis not that I ask.
Why then so wild?
Why clinging to mine hand?
For one day only leave me in thy land At peace,
to find some counsel,
ere the strain Of exile fall,
some comfort for these twain,
since others take no thought,
to save the babes that they begot.
Thou wilt pity them!
Thou also art A father: thou hast somewhere still a heart That feels.
...I reck not of myself:
'tis they That break me,
fallen upon so dire a day.
Mine is no tyrant's mood.
many a time Ere this my tenderness hath marred the chime Of wisest counsels.
And I know that now I do mere folly.
But so be it!
Thou Shalt have this grace ...But this I warn thee clear,
If once the morrow's sunlight find thee here Within my borders,
thee or child of thine,
...Of this judgment not a line Shall waver nor abate.
So linger on,
If thou needs must,
till the next risen sun;
...In one day there scarce can be Those perils wrought whose dread yet haunteth me.
[_Exit_ CREON _with his suite_.
woman of sorrow,
Where wilt thou turn and flee?
What town shall be thine to-morrow,
What land of all lands that be,
What door of a strange man's home?
God hath hunted thee,
forth to the foam Of a trackless sea.
Defeat on every side;
Not here the end is: think it not!
I know For bride and groom one battle yet untried,
And goodly pains for him that gave the bride.
Dost dream I would have grovelled to this man,
Save that I won mine end,
and shaped my plan For merry deeds?
My lips had never deigned Speak word with him: my flesh been never stained With touching.
It lay So plain for him to kill my whole essay By exile swift: and,
he sets me free This one long day: wherein mine haters three Shall lie here dead,
the father and the bride And husband --mine,
I have tried So many thoughts of murder to my turn,
I know not which best likes me.
Shall I burn Their house with fire?
Or stealing past unseen To Jason's bed --I have a blade made keen For that --stab,
breast to breast,
that wedded pair?
but for one thing.
When I am taken there,
they will laugh loud who hate me.
I love the old way best,
the simple way Of poison,
where we too are strong as men.
And they being dead --what place shall hold me then?
What friend shall rise,
with land inviolate And trusty doors,
to shelter from their hate This flesh?
...A little more I needs must wait: and,
if there ope some door Of refuge,
some strong tower to shield me,
good: In craft and darkness I will hunt this blood.
if mine hour be come and no hope nigh,
Then sword in hand,
full-willed and sure to die,
I yet will live to slay them.
I will wend Man-like,
their road of daring to the end.
So help me She who of all Gods hath been The best to me,
of all my chosen queen And helpmate,
who dwells apart,
The flame of flame,
in my fire's inmost heart: For all their strength,
they shall not stab my soul And laugh thereafter!
Dark and full of dole Their bridal feast shall be,
most dark the day They joined their hands,
and hunted me away.
Awake thee now,
Whatso plot Thou hast,
strive and falter not.
On to the peril-point!
Now comes the strain Of daring.
Shall they trample thee again?
And with Hellas laughing o'er thy fall While this thief's daughter weds,
and weds withal Jason?
...A true king was thy father,
And born of the ancient Sun!
...Thou know'st the way;
And God hath made thee woman,
things most vain For help,
but wondrous in the paths of pain.
[MEDEA _goes into the House_.
Back streams the wave on the ever running river: Life,
life is changed and the laws of it o'ertrod.
Man shall be the slave,
Man hath forgotten God.
shall be terrible in story: The tales too,
shall be other than of yore.
For a fear there is that cometh out of Woman and a glory,
And the hard hating voices shall encompass her no more!
The old bards shall cease,
and their memory that lingers Of frail brides and faithless,
shall be shrivelled as with fire.
For they loved us not,
nor knew us: and our lips were dumb,
our fingers Could wake not the secret of the lyre.
O God the Singer,
I had sung amid their rages A long tale of Man and his deeds for good and ill.
But the old World knoweth --'tis the speech of all his ages -- Man's wrong and ours: he knoweth and is still.
Forth from thy father's home Thou camest,
O heart of fire,
To the Dark Blue Rocks,
to the clashing foam,
To the seas of thy desire:
Till the Dark Blue Bar was crossed;
by an alien river Standing,
thy lover lost,
Void-armed for ever,
Forth yet again,
O lowest Of landless women,
a ranger Of desolate ways,
From the walls of the stranger.
And the great Oath waxeth weak;
as a thing outstriven,
from the shores of the Greek,
Away on the winds of heaven.
Dark is the house afar,
Where an old king called thee daughter;
All that was once thy star In stormy water,
in the nearer House that was sworn to love thee,
Is thronèd above thee.
_Enter from the right_ JASON.
Oft have I seen,
in other days than these,
How a dark temper maketh maladies No friend can heal.
'Twas easy to have kept Both land and home.
It needed but to accept Unstrivingly the pleasure of our lords.
for mere delight in stormy words,
Wilt lose all!
...Now thy speech provokes not me.
Of all mankind let Jason be Most evil;
none shall check thee.
But for these Dark threats cast out against the majesties Of Corinth,
count as veriest gain thy path Of exile.
when princely wrath Was hot against thee,
strove with all good will To appease the wrath,
and wished to keep thee still Beside me.
But thy mouth would never stay From vanity,
blaspheming night and day Our masters.
Therefore thou shalt fly the land.
I will not hold my hand From succouring mine own people.
Here am I To help thee,
pondering heedfully Thy new state.
For I would not have thee flung Provisionless away --aye,
and the young Children as well;
nor lacking aught that will Of mine can bring thee.
Many a lesser ill Hangs on the heels of exile.
and though Thou hate me,
dream not that my heart can know Or fashion aught of angry will to thee.
...since thou grantest me That comfort,
the worst weapon left me now To smite a coward.
...Thou comest to me,
(_Turning to the_ CHORUS.)
how call ye this,
the comrade whom his kiss Betrayed?
None of these:
'Tis but of all man's inward sicknesses The vilest,
that he knoweth not of shame Nor pity!
Yet I praise him that he came ...To me it shall bring comfort,
once to clear My heart on thee,
and thou shalt wince to hear.
I will begin with that,
'twixt me and thee,
That first befell.
I saved thee.
I saved thee -- Let thine own Greeks be witness,
every one That sailed on Argo --saved thee,
sent alone To yoke with yokes the bulls of fiery breath,
And sow that Acre of the Lords of Death;
And mine own ancient Serpent,
who did keep The Golden Fleece,
the eyes that knew not sleep,
And shining coils,
him also did I smite Dead for thy sake,
and lifted up the light That bade thee live.
Stole forth from father and from home,
and fled Where dark Iôlcos under Pelion lies,
With thee --Oh,
single-hearted more than wise!
I murdered Pelias,
By his own daughters' hands,
for sake of thee;
I swept their house like War.
--And hast thou then Accepted all --O evil yet again!
-- And cast me off and taken thee for bride Another?
And with children at thy side!
One could forgive a childless man.
But no: I have borne thee children ...Is sworn faith so low And weak a thing?
I understand it not.
Are the old gods dead?
Are the old laws forgot,
And new laws made?
Since not my passioning,
But thine own heart,
doth cry thee for a thing Forsworn.
[_She catches sight of her own hand which she has thrown out to denounce him._
poor right hand of mine,
whom he Did cling to,
and these knees,
We are unclean,
thou and I;
we have caught the stain Of bad men's flesh ...and dreamed our dreams in vain.
Thou comest to befriend me?
'Tis not that I dream again For good from thee: but,
thou wilt show The viler.
Say: now whither shall I go?
Back to my father?
Him I did betray,
And all his land,
when we two fled away.
To those poor Peliad maids?
'twere good To take me in,
who spilled their father's blood.
so my whole life stands!
There were at home Who loved me well: to them I am become A curse.
And the first friends who sheltered me,
Whom most I should have spared,
to pleasure thee I have turned to foes.
therefore hast thou laid My crown upon me,
blest of many a maid In Hellas,
now I have won what all did crave,
the world-wondered lover and the brave;
Who this day looks and sees me banished,
thrown Away with these two babes,
merry mocking when the lamps are red:
"Where go the bridegroom's babes to beg their bread In exile,
and the woman who gave all To save him?"
O great God,
shall gold withal Bear thy clear mark,
to sift the base and fine,
And o'er man's living visage runs no sign To show the lie within,
ere all too late?
Dire and beyond all healing is the hate When hearts that loved are turned to enmity.
In speech at least,
I must be Not evil;
as some old pilot goes Furled to his sail's last edge,
when danger blows Too fiery,
run before the wind and swell,
of thy loud storms.
--And thus I tell My tale.
Since thou wilt build so wondrous high Thy deeds of service in my jeopardy,
To all my crew and quest I know but one Saviour,
of Gods or mortals one alone,
thou hast both brain and wit,
Yet underneath ...nay,
all the tale of it Were graceless telling;
how sheer love,
a fire Of poison-shafts,
compelled thee with desire To save me.
I will not score That count too close.
'Twas good help: and therefor I give thee thanks,
howe'er the help was wrought.
in my deliverance,
thou hast got Far more than given.
A good Greek land hath been Thy lasting home,
Thou hast seen Our ordered life,
and the long Still grasp of law not changing with the strong Man's pleasure.
all Hellas far and near Hath learned thy wisdom,
and in every ear Thy fame is.
Had thy days run by unseen On that last edge of the world,
where then had been The story of great Medea?
Thou and I ...What worth to us were treasures heapèd high In rich kings' rooms;
what worth a voice of gold More sweet than ever rang from Orpheus old,
Unless our deeds have glory?
Speak I so,
Touching the Quest I wrought,
thyself did throw The challenge down.
Next for thy cavilling Of wrath at mine alliance with a king,
Here thou shalt see I both was wise,
and free From touch of passion,
and a friend to thee Most potent,
and my children ...Nay,
When first I stood in Corinth,
clogged with ill From many a desperate mischance,
what bliss Could I that day have dreamed of,
like to this,
To wed with a king's daughter,
I exiled And beggared?
Not --what makes thy passion wild -- From loathing of thy bed;
not over-fraught With love for this new bride;
not that I sought To upbuild mine house with offspring:
What thou hast borne: I make no word thereof: But,
first and greatest,
that we all might dwell In a fair house and want not,
knowing well That poor men have no friends,
but far and near Shunning and silence.
I sought to rear Our sons in nurture worthy of my race,
raising brethren to them,
in one place Join both my houses,
and be all from now Prince-like and happy.
What more need hast thou Of children?
And for me,
it serves my star To link in strength the children that now are With those that shall be.
Have I counselled ill?
Not thine own self would say it,
couldst thou still One hour thy jealous flesh.
--'Tis ever so!
Who looks for more in women?
When the flow Of love runs plain,
all the world is fair: But,
once there fall some ill chance anywhere To baulk that thirst,
down in swift hate are trod Men's dearest aims and noblest.
Would to God We mortals by some other seed could raise Our fruits,
and no blind women block our ways!
Then had there been no curse to wreck mankind.
very subtly hast thou twined Thy speech: but yet,
though all athwart thy will I speak,
this is not well thou dost,
Betraying her who loved thee and was true.
Surely I have my thoughts,
and not a few Have held me strange.
To me it seemeth,
when A crafty tongue is given to evil men
'Tis like to wreck,
not help them.
Their own brain Tempts them with lies to dare and dare again,
Till ...no man hath enough of subtlety.
As thou --be not so seeming-fair to me Nor deft of speech.
One word will make thee fall.
Wert thou not false,
'twas thine to tell me all,
And charge me help thy marriage path,
as I Did love thee;
not befool me with a lie.
An easy task had that been!
and thou A loving aid,
who canst not,
Still that loud heart that surges like the tide!
That moved thee not.
Thine old barbarian bride,
The dog out of the east who loved thee sore,
She grew grey-haired,
she served thy pride no more.
Now understand for once!
The girl to me Is nothing,
in this web of sovranty I hold.
I do but seek to save,
Thee: and for brethren to our sons beget Young kings,
to prosper all our lives again.
God shelter me from prosperous days of pain,
And wealth that maketh wounds about my heart.
Wilt change that prayer,
and choose a wiser part?
Pray not to hold true sense for pain,
nor rate Thyself unhappy,
being too fortunate.
thou hast where to lay thine head,
But I go naked to mine exile.
Tread Thine own path!
Thou hast made it all to be.
By seducing and forsaking thee?
By those vile curses on the royal halls Let loose.
On thy house also,
as chance falls,
I am a living curse.
Enough Of these vain wars: I will no more thereof.
If thou wilt take from all that I possess Aid for these babes and thine own helplessness Of exile,
speak thy bidding.
Here I stand Full-willed to succour thee with stintless hand,
And send my signet to old friends that dwell On foreign shores,
who will entreat thee well.
and thou shalt do a deed most vain.
But cast thy rage away,
and thou shalt gain Much,
and lose little for thine anger's sake.
I will not seek thy friends.
I will not take Thy givings.
Give them not.
Fruits of a stem Unholy bring no blessing after them.
Now God in heaven be witness,
all my heart Is willing,
in all ways,
to do its part For thee and for thy babes.
But nothing good Can please thee.
In sheer savageness of mood Thou drivest from thee every friend.
Wherefore I warrant thee,
thy pains shall be the more.
[_He goes slowly away._
Go: thou art weary for the new delight Thou wooest,
so long tarrying out of sight Of her sweet chamber.
fulfil thy pride,
For it may be,
such a bride Shall wait thee,
God heareth me in this -- As thine own heart shall sicken ere it kiss.
* * * * *
the Love that falleth like a flood,
Strong-winged and transitory: Why praise ye him?
What beareth he of good To man,
Yet Love there is that moves in gentleness,
sweetest of all powers that bless.
Loose not on me,
O Holder of man's heart,
Thy golden quiver,
Nor steep in poison of desire the dart That heals not ever.
The pent hate of the word that cavilleth,
The strife that hath no fill,
Where once was fondness;
and the mad heart's breath For strange love panting still: O Cyprian,
cast me not on these;
of love the good and evil gift.
Make Innocence my friend,
God's fairest star,
and abate not The rare sweet beat of bosoms without war,
and hate not.
Home of my heart,
land of my own,
Cast me not,
Out on my ways,
Where the feet fail in the mire and stone,
A woman without a city.
Better the end: The green grave cover me rather,
If a break must come in the days I know,
And the skies be changed and the earth below;
For the weariest road that man may wend Is forth from the home of his father.
we have seen:
'tis not a song Sung,
nor learned of another.
For whom hast thou in thy direst wrong For comfort?
Never a city strong To hide thee,
never a brother.
but the man --cursèd be he,
Cursèd beyond recover,
seal by seal,
A friend's clean heart,
then turns his heel,
Deaf unto love: never in me Friend shall he know nor lover.
[_While_ MEDEA _is waiting downcast,
seated upon her door-step,
there passes from the left a traveller with followers.
As he catches sight of_ MEDEA _he stops_.
'Tis the homeliest Word that old friends can greet with,
and the best.
joy on thee,
gentle king Of Athens!
--But whence com'st thou journeying?
From Delphi now and the old encaverned stair.
Where Earth's heart speaks in song?
What mad'st thou there?
Prayed heaven for children --the same search alway.
Art childless to this day?
So God hath willed.
Childless and desolate.
What word did Phoebus speak,
to change thy fate?
too hard for mortal man to read.
Which I may hear?
Assuredly: they need A rarer wit.
How said he?
Not to spill Life's wine,
nor seek for more.
Until I tread the hearth-stone of my sires of yore.
And what should bring thee here,
by Creon's shore?
One Pittheus know'st thou,
high lord of Trozên?
a man most pure of sin.
Him I would ask,
touching Apollo's will.
Much use in God's ways hath he,
and much skill.
long years back he was my battle-friend,
The truest e'er man had.
may God send Good hap to thee,
and grant all thy desire.
But thou ...?
Thy frame is wasted,
and the fire Dead in thine eyes.
my husband is The falsest man in the world.
What word is this?
Say clearly what thus makes thy visage dim?
He is false to me,
who never injured him.
What hath he done?
that I may see.
Ta'en him a wife;
set over me To rule his house.
He hath not dared to do,
a thing so shameful?
'tis true: And those he loved of yore have no place now.
Some passion sweepeth him?
Or is it thou He turns from?
passion to betray His dearest!
Shame be his,
so fallen away From honour!
Passion to be near a throne,
A king's heir!
who gives the bride?
who o'er all Corinth standeth chief.
thou hast indeed much cause for grief.
--And they have cast me out as well.
'Tis a new wrong this,
Creon the king,
from every land and shore.
And Jason suffers him?
'tis too sore!
He loveth to bear bravely ills like these!
by thy beard,
by thy knees,
I pray thee,
and I give me for thine own,
pity one So miserable.
Thou never wilt stand there And see me cast out friendless to despair.
Give me a home in Athens ...by the fire Of thine own hearth!
so may thy desire Of children be fulfilled of God,
and thou Die happy!
...Thou canst know not;
even now Thy prize is won!
I will make of thee A childless man no more.
The seed shall be,
I swear it,
Such magic herbs I know.
indeed my heart goes forth to show This help to thee,
first for religion's sake,
Then for thy promised hope,
to heal my ache Of childlessness.
'Tis this hath made mine whole Life as a shadow,
and starved out my soul.
But thus it stands with me.
Once make thy way To Attic earth,
as in law I may,
Will keep thee and befriend.
But in this land,
Where Creon rules,
I may not raise my hand To shelter thee.
Move of thine own essay To seek my house,
there thou shalt alway stay,
never to be seized again.
But come thyself from Corinth.
I would fain Even in foreign eyes be alway just.
Give me an oath wherein to trust And all that man could ask thou hast granted me.
Dost trust me not?
Or what thing troubleth thee?
I trust thee.
But so many,
far and near,
Do hate me --all King Pelias' house,
and here Creon.
Once bound by oaths and sanctities Thou canst not yield me up for such as these To drag from Athens.
But a spoken word,
to bind thee,
which no God hath heard ...The embassies,
would come and go: They all are friends to thee.
I know Thou wilt not list to me!
So weak am I,
And they full-filled with gold and majesty.
'tis a far foresight,
this thine oath.
if thou so wilt have it,
nothing loath Am I to serve thee.
Mine own hand is so The stronger,
if I have this plea to show Thy persecutors: and for thee withal The bond more sure.
--On what God shall I call?
Swear by the Earth thou treadest,
by the Sun,
Sire of my sires,
and all the gods as one.
To do what thing or not do?
Make all plain.
Never thyself to cast me out again.
Nor let another,
whatsoe'er his plea,
while thou yet livest and art free.
Never: so hear me,
and the great star Of daylight,
and all other gods that are!
'Tis well: and if thou falter from thy vow ...?
God's judgment on the godless break my brow!
Go thy ways rejoicing.
--All is bright And clear before me.
Go: and ere the night Myself will follow,
when the deed is done I purpose,
and the end I thirst for won.
[AEGEUS _and his train depart_.
Farewell: and Maia's guiding Son Back lead thee to thy hearth and fire,
and all the long desire That wasteth thee,
at last be won: Our eyes have seen thee as thou art,
A gentle and a righteous heart.
and God's Justice,
and ye blinding Skies!
At last the victory dawneth!
mine eyes See,
and my foot is on the mountain's brow.
now Atonement cometh!
Here at my worst hour A friend is found,
a very port of power To save my shipwreck.
Here will I make fast Mine anchor,
and escape them at the last In Athens' wallèd hill.
--But ere the end
'Tis meet I show thee all my counsel,
friend: Take it,
no tale to make men laugh withal!
Straightway to Jason I will send some thrall To entreat him to my presence.
Comes he here,
Then with soft reasons will I feed his ear,
How his will now is my will,
how all things Are well,
touching this marriage-bed of kings For which I am betrayed --all wise and rare And profitable!
Yet will I make one prayer,
That my two children be no more exiled But stay.
not that I would leave a child Here upon angry shores till those have laughed Who hate me:
'tis that I will slay by craft The king's daughter.
With gifts they shall be sent,
Gifts to the bride to spare their banishment,
Fine robings and a carcanet of gold.
Which raiment let her once but take,
and fold About her,
a foul death that girl shall die And all who touch her in her agony.
Such poison shall they drink,
my robe and wreath!
of that no more.
I gnash my teeth Thinking on what a path my feet must tread Thereafter.
I shall lay those children dead -- Mine,
whom no hand shall steal from me away!
leaving Jason childless,
and the day As night above him,
I will go my road To exile,
flying from the blood Of these my best-beloved,
and having wrought All horror,
so but one thing reach me not,
The laugh of them that hate us.
Let it come!
What profits life to me?
I have no home,
No country now,
nor shield from any wrong.
That was my evil hour,
when down the long Halls of my father out I stole,
my will Chained by a Greek man's voice,
If God yet live,
shall all requited be.
For never child of mine shall Jason see Hereafter living,
never child beget From his new bride,
who this day,
desolate Even as she made me desolate,
shall die Shrieking amid my poisons.
...Names have I Among your folk?
One weak of hand?
An eastern dreamer?
but with the brand Of strange suns burnt,
by God above,
A perilous thing,
and passing sweet my love!
For these it is that make life glorious.
Since thou has bared thy fell intent to us I,
and helping in their need Man's laws,
dream not of this deed!
There is no other way.
--I pardon thee Thy littleness,
who art not wronged like me.
Thou canst not kill the fruit thy body bore!
Yes: if the man I hate be pained the more.
And thou made miserable,
let it come!
All words of good or ill Are wasted now.
[_She claps her hands: the_ NURSE _comes out from the house_.
get thee gone And lead lord Jason hither.
...There is none Like thee,
to work me these high services.
But speak no word of what my purpose is,
As thou art faithful,
and bold to try All succours,
and a woman even as I!
[_The_ NURSE _departs_.
* * * * *
The sons of Erechtheus,
Whom high gods planted of yore In an old land of heaven upholden,
A proud land untrodden of war: They are hungered,
their desire With wisdom is fed as with meat: In their skies is a shining of fire,
A joy in the fall of their feet: And thither,
with manifold dowers,
From the North,
from the hills,
from the morn,
The Muses did gather their powers,
That a child of the Nine should be born;
sown as the flowers,
Grew gold in the acres of corn.
the fair-flowing river -- The Cyprian dipping her hand Hath drawn of his dew,
and the shiver Of her touch is as joy in the land.
For her breathing in fragrance is written,
And in music her path as she goes,
And the cloud of her hair,
it is litten With stars of the wind-woven rose.
So fareth she ever and ever,
And forth of her bosom is blown,
As dews on the winds of the river,
An hunger of passions unknown.
Strong Loves of all godlike endeavour,
Whom Wisdom shall throne on her throne.
But Cephîsus the fair-flowing,
Will he bear thee on his shore?
Shall the land that succours all,
Who art foul among thy kind,
With the tears of children blind?
Dost thou see the red gash growing,
Thine own burden dost thou see?
we kneel to thee and pray: By thy knees,
by thy soul,
O woman wild!
One at least thou canst not slay,
Not thy child!
Hast thou ice that thou shalt bind it To thy breast,
and make thee dead To thy children,
to thine own spirit's pain?
When the hand knows what it dares,
When thine eyes look into theirs,
Shalt thou keep by tears unblinded Thy dividing of the slain?
These be deeds Not for thee: These be things that cannot be!
Thy babes --though thine hardihood be fell,
When they cling about thy knee,
'Twill be well!
I answer to thy call.
Though full of hate Thou be,
I yet will not so far abate My kindness for thee,
nor refuse mine ear.
Say in what new desire thou hast called me here.
I pray thee,
for my words but now Spoken,
My bad moods.
thou At least wilt strive to bear with them!
There be Many old deeds of love
'twixt me and thee.
I have reasoned with myself apart And chidden:
"Why must I be mad,
O heart Of mine: and raging against one whose word Is wisdom: making me a thing abhorred To them that rule the land,
and to mine own Husband,
who doth but that which,
Will help us all --to wed a queen,
and get Young kings for brethren to my sons?
And yet I rage alone,
and cannot quit my rage -- What aileth me?
--when God sends harbourage So simple?
Have I not my children?
Know I not we are but exiles,
and must go Beggared and friendless else?"
Thought upon thought So pressed me,
till I knew myself full-fraught With bitterness of heart and blinded eyes.
So now --I give thee thanks: and hold thee wise To have caught this anchor for our aid.
The fool Was I;
who should have been thy friend,
Gone wooing with thee,
stood at thy bed-side Serving,
and welcomed duteously thy bride.
as we are,
we are --I will not say Mere evil --women!
Why must thou to-day Turn strange,
and make thee like some evil thing,
to meet my childish passioning?
I surrender: and confess that then I had bad thoughts,
but now have turned again And found my wiser mind.
[_She claps her hands._ Ho,
out into the sun,
[_The_ CHILDREN _come from the house,
followed by their_ ATTENDANT.
And greet your father.
Welcome him with us,
And throw quite,
as mother does,
Your anger against one so dear.
Our peace Is made,
and all the old bad war shall cease For ever.
and take his hand.
[_As the_ CHILDREN _go to_ JASON,
_she suddenly bursts into tears.
The_ CHILDREN _quickly return to her: she recovers herself,
smiling amid her tears_.
I am full of hidden horrors!
...Shall it be A long time more,
that ye live To reach to me those dear,
I am so ready with my tears to-day,
And full of dread.
...I sought to smooth away The long strife with your father,
now I have all drowned with tears this little brow!
[_She wipes the child's face._
O'er mine eyes too there stealeth a pale tear: Let the evil rest,
let it rest here!
indeed I praise thee now,
nor say Ill of thine other hour.
'Tis nature's way,
A woman needs must stir herself to wrath,
When work of marriage by so strange a path Crosseth her lord.
thine heart doth wend The happier road.
Thou hast seen,
ere quite the end,
What choice must needs be stronger: which to do Shows a wise-minded woman.
...And for you,
your father never has forgot Your needs.
If God but help him,
he hath wrought A strong deliverance for your weakness.
I think you,
with your brethren,
yet one day Shall be the mightiest voices in this land.
Do you grow tall and strong.
Your father's hand Guideth all else,
and whatso power divine Hath alway helped him.
may it be mine To see you yet in manhood,
stern of brow,
set high o'er those that hate me.
thy face is turned.
Thy cheek is swept With pallor of strange tears.
Dost not accept Gladly and of good will my benisons?
Thinking of these little ones.
I will guard them from all ill.
I do take heart.
Thy word I never will Mistrust.
a woman's bosom bears But woman's courage,
a thing born for tears.
What ails thee?
--All too sore thou weepest there.
I was their mother!
When I heard thy prayer Of long life for them,
there swept over me A horror,
wondering how these things shall be.
But for the matter of my need that thou Should speak with me,
part I have said,
and now Will finish.
--Seeing it is the king's behest To cast me out from Corinth ...aye,
for me --I know it --not to stay Longer to trouble thee and those who sway The realm,
being held to all their house a foe.
I spread my sails,
and meekly go To exile.
But our children.
...Could this land Be still their home awhile: could thine own hand But guide their boyhood.
...Seek the king,
and pray His pity,
that he bid thy children stay!
He is hard to move.
'twere well done.
Bid her --for thy sake,
for a daughters boon.
Her I can fashion to my mind.
She is a woman like her kind.
...Yet I will aid thee in thy labour;
I Will send her gifts,
the fairest gifts that lie In the hands of men,
things of the days of old,
Fine robings and a carcanet of gold,
By the boys' hands.
And fetch the raiment.
[_A handmaid goes into the house._
her cup shall then Be filled indeed!
What more should woman crave,
Being wed with thee,
the bravest of the brave,
And girt with raiment which of old the sire Of all my house,
steeped in fire,
To his own fiery race?
[_The handmaid has returned bearing the Gifts._
lift With heed these caskets.
Bear them as your gift To her,
being bride and princess and of right Blessed!
--I think she will not hold them light.
why wilt empty thus thine hand Of treasure?
Doth King Creon's castle stand In stint of raiment,
or in stint of gold?
and make no gift.
For if she hold Jason of any worth at all,
I swear Chattels like these will not weigh more with her.
chide me not!
gifts persuade The gods in heaven;
and gold is stronger made Than words innumerable to bend men's ways.
Fortune is hers.
God maketh great her days: Young and a crownèd queen!
And banishment For those two babes.
...I would not gold were spent,
But life's blood,
ere that come.
go Forth into those rich halls,
Beseech your father's bride,
whom I obey,
Ye be not,
of her mercy,
cast away Exiled: and give the caskets --above all Mark this!
--to none but her,
to hold withal And keep.
And let your mother know Soon the good tiding that she longs for.
[_She goes quickly into the house._ JASON _and the_ CHILDREN _with their_ ATTENDANT _depart_.
* * * * *
Now I have no hope more of the children's living;
No hope more.
They are gone forth unto death.
she taketh the poison of their giving: She taketh the bounden gold and openeth;
And the crown,
she lifteth about her brow,
Where the light brown curls are clustering.
No hope now!
O sweet and cloudy gleam of the garments golden!
it hath clasped her breast and the crown her head.
she decketh the bride,
as a bride of olden Story,
that goeth pale to the kiss of the dead.
For the ring hath closed,
and the portion of death is there;
And she flieth not,
but perisheth unaware.
bridegroom of the kiss so cold,
Art thou wed with princes,
art thou girt with gold,
Who know'st not,
suing For thy child's undoing,
on her thou lovest,
for a doom untold?
How art thou fallen from thy place of old!
what hast thou to reap,
When the harvest cometh,
between wake and sleep?
For a heart unslaken,
For a troth forsaken,
babes that call thee from a bloody deep: And thy love returns not.
Get thee forth and weep!
[_Enter the_ ATTENDANT _with the two_ CHILDREN: MEDEA _comes out from the house_.
these children from their banishment Are spared.
The royal bride hath mildly bent Her hand to accept thy gifts,
and all is now Peace for the children.
why standest thou Confounded,
when good fortune draweth near?
This chimes not with the news I bear.
Is some word of wrath Here hidden that I knew not of?
And hath My hope to give thee joy so cheated me?
Thou givest what thou givest: I blame not thee.
Thy brows are all o'ercast: thine eyes are filled.
For bitter need,
The gods have willed,
And my own evil mind,
that this should come.
Thy sons one day will bring thee home.
...I have others to send home.
Many a mother before thee Hath parted from her children.
We poor things Of men must needs endure what fortune brings.
I will endure.
--Go thou within,
and lay All ready that my sons may need to-day.
[_The_ ATTENDANT _goes into the house_.
children mine: and you have found A land and home,
leaving me discrowned And desolate,
forever you will stay,
And I go my way To other lands,
ere you bring Your fruits home,
ere I see you prospering Or know your brides,
or deck the bridal bed,
and lift your torches overhead.
Oh cursèd be mine own hard heart!
'Twas all In vain,
that I reared you up,
so tall And fair;
in vain I bore you,
and was torn With those long pitiless pains,
when you were born.
wondrous hopes my poor heart had in you,
How you would tend me in mine age,
and do The shroud about me with your own dear hands,
When I lay cold,
blessèd in all the lands That knew us.
And that gentle thought is dead!
and I live on,
to eat the bread Of long years,
to myself most full of pain.
And never your dear eyes,
Shall see your mother,
far away being thrown To other shapes of life.
Why gaze ye so?
--What is it that ye see?
-- And laugh with that last laughter?
...Woe is me,
What shall I do?
my strength is gone,
Gone like a dream,
since once I looked upon Those shining faces.
...I can do it not.
Good-bye to all the thoughts that burned so hot Aforetime!
I will take and hide them far,
from men's eyes.
Why should I seek a war So blind: by these babes' wounds to sting again Their father's heart,
and win myself a pain Twice deeper?
I forget Henceforward all I laboured for.
What is it with me?
Would I be a thing Mocked at,
and leave mine enemies to sting Unsmitten?
It must be.
O coward heart,
Ever to harbour such soft words!
--Depart Out of my sight,
[_The_ CHILDREN _go in_.
And they whose eyes Shall hold it sin to share my sacrifice,
On their heads be it!
My hand shall swerve not now.
thou Wrath within me!
Do not thou,
thou tortured thing,
and spare My children!
They will dwell with us,
there Far off,
and give thee peace.
By all Hell's living agonies of hate,
They shall not take my little ones alive To make their mock with!
Howsoe'er I strive The thing is doomed;
it shall not escape now From being.
the crown is on the brow,
And the robe girt,
and in the robe that high Queen dying.
I know all.
Yet ...seeing that I Must go so long a journey,
and these twain A longer yet and darker,
I would fain Speak with them,
ere I go.
[_A handmaid brings the_ CHILDREN _out again_.
stand A little from me.
Reach out your hand,
Your right hand --so --to mother: and good-bye!
[_She has kept them hitherto at arm's length: but at the touch of their hands,
her resolution breaks down,
and she gathers them passionately into her arms._
And royal mien,
and bright brave faces clear,
May you be blessèd,
but not here!
What here Was yours,
your father stole.
the glow Of cheek on cheek,
the tender touch;
Sweet scent of childhood.
...Am I blind?
...Mine eyes can see not,
when I look to find Their places.
I am broken by the wings Of evil.
I know to what bad things I go,
but louder than all thought doth cry Anger,
which maketh man's worst misery.
[_She follows the_ CHILDREN _into the house_.
My thoughts have roamed a cloudy land,
And heard a fierier music fall Than woman's heart should stir withal: And yet some Muse majestical,
hath hold of woman's hand,
Seeking for Wisdom --not in all: A feeble seed,
a scattered band,
Thou yet shalt find in lonely places,
Not dead amongst us,
nor our faces Turned alway from the Muses' call.
And thus my thought would speak: that she Who ne'er hath borne a child nor known Is nearer to felicity: Unlit she goeth and alone,
With little understanding what A child's touch means of joy or woe,
And many toils she beareth not.
But they within whose garden fair That gentle plant hath blown,
they go Deep-written all their days with care -- To rear the children,
to make fast Their hold,
to win them wealth;
and then Much darkness,
if the seed at last Bear fruit in good or evil men!
And one thing at the end of all Abideth,
that which all men dread: The wealth is won,
the limbs are bred To manhood,
and the heart withal Honest: and,
where Fortune smiled,
and what hath fallen?
'Tis death slow winging to the dark,
And in his arms what was thy child.
What therefore doth it bring of gain To man,
whose cup stood full before,
That God should send this one thing more Of hunger and of dread,
a door Set wide to every wind of pain?
[MEDEA _comes out alone from the house_.
this long hour I wait on Fortune's eyes,
And strain my senses in a hot surmise What passeth on that hill.
even now There comes ...'tis one of Jason's men,
His wild-perturbèd breath doth warrant me The tidings of some strange calamity.
O dire and ghastly deed!
Get thee away,
Nor let behind thee stay One chariot's wing,
one keel that sweeps the seas.
And what hath chanced,
to cause such flights as these?
The maiden princess lieth --and her sire,
The king --both murdered by thy poison-fire.
Most happy tiding!
Which thy name prefers Henceforth among my friends and well-wishers.
What say'st thou?
is thy mind within Clear,
and not raving?
Thou art found in sin Most bloody wrought against the king's high head,
And laughest at the tale,
and hast no dread?
I have words also that could answer well Thy word.
But take thine ease,
How died they?
Hath it been a very foul Death,
That were comfort to my soul.
When thy two children,
hand in hand entwined,
Came with their father,
and passed on to find The new-made bridal rooms,
we were glad,
who ever loved thee well,
and had Grief in thy grief.
And straight there passed a word From ear to ear,
that thou and thy false lord Had poured peace offering upon wrath foregone.
A right glad welcome gave we them,
and one Kissed the small hand,
and one the shining hair: Myself,
for very joy,
I followed where The women's rooms are.
There our mistress ...she Whom now we name so ...thinking not to see Thy little pair,
with glad and eager brow Sate waiting Jason.
Then she saw,
and slow Shrouded her eyes,
and backward turned again,
Sick that thy children should come near her.
Then Thy husband quick went forward,
to entreat The young maid's fitful wrath.
"Thou will not meet Love's coming with unkindness?
refrain Thy suddenness,
and turn thy face again,
Holding as friends all that to me are dear,
And accept these robes they bear As gifts: and beg thy father to unmake His doom of exile on them --for my sake."
When once she saw the raiment,
she could still Her joy no more,
but gave him all his will.
And almost ere the father and the two Children were gone from out the room,
she drew The flowerèd garments forth,
and sate her down To her arraying: bound the golden crown Through her long curls,
and in a mirror fair Arranged their separate clusters,
smiling there At the dead self that faced her.
Then aside She pushed her seat,
and paced those chambers wide Alone,
her white foot poising delicately -- So passing joyful in those gifts was she!
-- And many a time would pause,
and wheel Her head to watch the long fold to her heel Sweeping.
And then came something strange.
Her cheek Seemed pale,
and back with crooked steps and weak Groping of arms she walked,
and scarcely found Her old seat,
that she fell not to the ground.
Among the handmaids was a woman old And grey,
that Pan had hold Upon her,
or some spirit,
and raised a keen Awakening shout;
till through her lips was seen A white foam crawling,
and her eyeballs back Twisted,
and all her face dead pale for lack Of life: and while that old dame called,
the cry Turned strangely to its opposite,
to die Sobbing.
swiftly then one woman flew To seek her father's rooms,
one for the new Bridegroom,
to tell the tale.
And all the place Was loud with hurrying feet.
So long a space As a swift walker on a measured way Would pace a furlong's course in,
there she lay Speechless,
with veilèd lids.
Then wide her eyes She oped,
as she strove to rise,
Shrieked: for two diverse waves upon her rolled Of stabbing death.
The carcanet of gold That gripped her brow was molten in a dire And wondrous river of devouring fire.
And those fine robes,
the gift thy children gave -- God's mercy!
--everywhere did lap and lave The delicate flesh;
till up she sprang,
A fiery pillar,
shaking locks and head This way and that,
seeking to cast the crown Somewhere away.
But like a thing nailed down The burning gold held fast the anadem,
And through her locks,
the more she scattered them,
Came fire the fiercer,
till to earth she fell A thing --save to her sire --scarce nameable,
And strove no more.
That cheek of royal mien,
Where was it --or the place where eyes had been?
Only from crown and temples came faint blood Shot through with fire.
The very flesh,
it stood Out from the bones,
as from a wounded pine The gum starts,
where those gnawing poisons fine Bit in the dark --a ghastly sight!
And touch The dead we durst not.
We had seen too much.
But that poor father,
Swift to his daughter's room,
and there the dead Lay at his feet.
and groaning low,
Folded her in his arms,
and kissed her:
what thing unnatural hath So hideously undone thee?
Or what wrath Of gods,
to make this old grey sepulchre Childless of thee?
Would God but lay me there To die with thee,
So he cried.
when he stayed from tears,
and tried To uplift his old bent frame,
in the folds Of those fine robes it held,
as ivy holds Strangling among your laurel boughs.
then A ghastly struggle came!
Up on his knee he writhed;
but that dead breast Clung still to his: till,
like one possessed,
He dragged himself half free;
the live Flesh parted;
and he laid him down to strive No more with death,
for the deep Had risen above his soul.
And there they sleep,
the old proud father and the bride,
Even as his tears had craved it,
side by side.
For thee --Oh,
no word more!
Thyself will know How best to baffle vengeance.
...Long ago I looked upon man's days,
and found a grey Shadow.
And this thing more I surely say,
That those of all men who are counted wise,
devisers of great policies,
Do pay the bitterest toll.
Since life began,
Hath there in God's eye stood one happy man?
Fair days roll on,
and bear more gifts or less Of fortune,
but to no man happiness.
Wrath upon wrath,
this day shall fall From God on Jason!
He hath earned it all.
O miserable maiden,
all my heart Is torn for thee,
so sudden to depart From thy king's chambers and the light above To darkness,
all for sake of Jason's love!
my mind is clear.
I go to slay My children with all speed,
away From hence;
not wait yet longer till they stand Beneath another and an angrier hand To die.
howsoe'er I shield them,
die They must.
seeing that they must,
'tis I Shall slay them,
I their mother,
touched of none Beside.
up and get thine armour on,
Why longer tarry we to win Our crown of dire inevitable sin?
Take up thy sword,
O poor right hand of mine,
Thy sword: then onward to the thin-drawn line Where life turns agony.
Let there be naught Of softness now: and keep thee from that thought,
'Born of thy flesh,'
'thine own belovèd.'
For one brief day,
forget thy children: thou Shalt weep hereafter.
Though thou slay them,
yet Sweet were they.
...I am sore unfortunate.
[_She goes into the house._
and thou All-seër,
arrowy crown Of Sunlight,
manward now Look down,
Look upon one accurst,
Ere yet in blood she twine Red hands --blood that is thine!
save her first!
She is thy daughter still,
Of thine own golden line;
Or shall man spill The life divine?
O Fire that diest not!
Send thy spell To stay her yet,
to lift her afar,
afar -- A torture-changèd spirit,
a voice of Hell Wrought of old wrongs and war!
Alas for the mother's pain Wasted!
Alas the dear Life that was born in vain!
what mak'st thou here,
Thou from beyond the Gate Where dim Symplêgades Clash in the dark blue seas,
The shores where death doth wait?
Why hast thou taken on thee,
To make us desolate,
This anger of misery And guilt of hate?
For fierce are the smitings back of blood once shed Where love hath been: God's wrath upon them that kill,
And an anguished earth,
and the wonder of the dead Haunting as music still.
[_A cry is heard within._
Did ye hear?
Heard ye the children's cry?
O miserable woman!
_A Child within._
What shall I do?
What is it?
Keep me fast From mother!
_The Other Child._
I know nothing.
I think she means to kill us.
Let me go!
I will --Help!
--and save them at the last.
in God's name!
Help quickly ere we die!
_The Other Child._
She has almost caught me now.
She has a sword.
[_Many of the Women are now beating at the barred door to get in.
Others are standing apart._
_Women at the door._
thou thing of iron!
Wilt verily Spill with thine hand that life,
the vintage stored Of thine own agony?
_The Other Women._
A Mother slew her babes in days of yore,
from dawn to eventide,
whom the Queen of Heaven Set frenzied,
flying to the dark: and she Cast her for sorrow to the wide salt sea,
Forth from those rooms of murder unforgiven,
Wild-footed from a white crag of the shore,
And clasping still her children twain,
O Love of Woman,
charged with sorrow sore,
What hast thou wrought upon us?
What beside Resteth to tremble for?
[_Enter hurriedly_ JASON _and Attendants_.
Ye women by this doorway clustering Speak,
is the doer of the ghastly thing Yet here,
What hopeth she of flight?
Shall the deep yawn to shield her?
Shall the height Send wings,
and hide her in the vaulted sky To work red murder on her lords,
and fly Unrecompensed?
But let her go!
My care Is but to save my children,
not for her.
Let them she wronged requite her as they may.
I care not.
'Tis my sons I must some way Save,
ere the kinsmen of the dead can win From them the payment of their mother's sin.
indeed thou knowest not What dark place thou art come to!
no word like these could fall from thee.
What is it?
The woman would kill me?
Thy sons are dead,
slain by their mother's hand.
Not the children.
...I scarce understand.
thou hast broken me!
Think of those twain As things once fair,
that ne'er shall bloom again.
Where did she murder them?
In that old room?
and thou shalt see thy children's doom.
Unloose me yonder bars!
Make more Of speed!
Wrench out the jointing of the door.
And show my two-edged curse,
the children dead,
this sword upon her head.
[_While the Attendants are still battering at the door_ MEDEA _appears on the roof,
standing on a chariot of winged Dragons,
in which are the children's bodies_.
What make ye at my gates?
Why batter ye With brazen bars,
seeking the dead and me Who slew them?
if aught of mine Thou needest,
though never touch of thine Shall scathe me more.
Out of his firmament My fathers' father,
the high Sun,
hath sent This,
that shall save me from mine enemies' rage.
Thou living hate!
Thou wife in every age Abhorrèd,
who didst kill My sons,
and make me as the dead: and still Canst take the sunshine to thine eyes,
and smell The green earth,
reeking from thy deed of hell;
I curse thee!
now mine eyes can see,
That then were blinded,
when from savagery Of eastern chambers,
from a cruel land,
To Greece and home I gathered in mine hand Thee,
thou incarnate curse: one that betrayed Her home,
God hath laid Thy sins on me!
there lay A brother murdered on thy hearth that day When thy first footstep fell on Argo's hull.
my swift and beautiful That was her first beginning.
Then a wife I made her in my house.
She bore to life Children: and now for love,
for chambering And men's arms,
she hath murdered them!
A thing Not one of all the maids of Greece,
Had dreamed of;
whom I spurned,
and for mine own Chose thee,
a bride of hate to me and death,
beast of wilder breath Than Skylla shrieking o'er the Tuscan sea.
No scorn of mine can reach to thee,
Such iron is o'er thine eyes.
Out from my road,
blind with children's blood!
And let me weep alone the bitter tide That sweepeth Jason's days,
no gentle bride To speak with more,
no child to look upon Whom once I reared ...all,
all for ever gone!
An easy answer had I to this swell Of speech,
but Zeus our father knoweth well,
All I for thee have wrought,
and thou for me.
So let it rest.
This thing was not to be,
That thou shouldst live a merry life,
my bed Forgotten and my heart uncomforted,
Thou nor thy princess: nor the king that planned Thy marriage drive Medea from his land,
And suffer not.
Call me what thing thou please,
Tigress or Skylla from the Tuscan seas: My claws have gripped thine heart,
and all things shine.
Thou too hast grief.
Thy pain is fierce as mine.
I love the pain,
so thou shalt laugh no more.
what a womb of sin my children bore!
did ye perish for your father's shame?
It was not my hand that murdered them.
'Twas thy false wooings,
'twas thy trampling pride.
Thou hast said it!
For thy lust of love they died.
And love to women a slight thing should be?
To women pure!
--All thy vile life to thee!
Think of thy torment.
They are dead,
they are dead!
quick curses round thy head!
The Gods know who began this work of woe.
Thy heart and all its loathliness they know.
It hurts me sore.
and thine me.
Wouldst hear me then no more?
Show me but the way.
'Tis this I crave.
Give me the dead to weep,
and make their grave.
Myself will lay them in a still Green sepulchre,
where Hera by the Hill Hath precinct holy,
that no angry men May break their graves and cast them forth again To evil.
So I lay on all this shore Of Corinth a high feast for evermore And rite,
to purge them yearly of the stain Of this poor blood.
to Pallas' plain I go,
to dwell beside Pandion's son,
death draweth on,
Evil and lonely,
like thine heart: the hands Of thine old Argo,
rotting where she stands,
Shall smite thine head in twain,
and bitter be To the last end thy memories of me.
[_She rises on the chariot and is slowly borne away._
May They that hear the weeping child Blast thee,
and They that walk in blood!
Thy broken vows,
thy friends beguiled Have shut for thee the ears of God.
thou art wet with children's tears!
and lay thy bride to sleep.
to weep and weep.
Age cometh and long years.
but mine ...
...Who slew them!
Yes: to torture thee.
Once let me kiss their lips,
once twine Mine arms and touch.
woe is me!
Wouldst love them and entreat?
But now They were as nothing.
At the last,
to touch that tender brow!
Thy words upon the wind are cast.
wilt hear me.
All is said For naught.
I am but spurned away And trampled by this tigress,
red With children's blood.
come what may,
So far as thou hast granted,
So far as yet my strength may stand,
I weep upon these dead,
and say Their last farewell,
and raise my hand
To all the daemons of the air In witness of these things;
how she Who slew them,
will not suffer me To gather up my babes,
nor bear To earth their bodies;
O stone Of women,
would I ne'er had known Nor gotten,
to be slain by thee!
[_He casts himself upon the earth._
Great treasure halls hath Zeus in heaven,
From whence to man strange dooms be given,
Past hope or fear.
And the end men looked for cometh not,
And a path is there where no man thought: So hath it fallen here.